Ethics [NOOK Book]

Overview

Aristotle considered ethics to be a practical science, i.e., one mastered by doing rather than merely reasoning. Further, Aristotle believed that ethical knowledge is not certain knowledge (like metaphysics and epistemology) but is general knowledge. He wrote several treatises on ethics, including most notably, Nichomachean Ethics, in which he outlines what is commonly called virtue ethics.

Aristotle taught that virtue has to do with the proper function of a thing. An eye is ...

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Ethics

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Overview

Aristotle considered ethics to be a practical science, i.e., one mastered by doing rather than merely reasoning. Further, Aristotle believed that ethical knowledge is not certain knowledge (like metaphysics and epistemology) but is general knowledge. He wrote several treatises on ethics, including most notably, Nichomachean Ethics, in which he outlines what is commonly called virtue ethics.

Aristotle taught that virtue has to do with the proper function of a thing. An eye is only a good eye in so much as it can see, because the proper function of an eye is sight. Aristotle reasoned that man must have a function uncommon to anything else, and that this function must be an activity of the soul. Aristotle identified the best activity of the soul as eudaimonia: a happiness or joy that pervades the good life. Aristotle taught that to achieve the good life, one must live a balanced life and avoid excess. This balance, he taught, varies among different persons and situations, and exists as a golden mean between two vices - one an excess and one a deficiency.

— Excerpted from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Aristotle deduced that happiness derives from the activity of the soul in accordance with virtue. Supreme happiness, according to this ancient Greek, is found only in philosophical meditation, but a secondary happiness is available in living a virtuous life. 8 cassettes.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781605017525
  • Publisher: MobileReference
  • Publication date: 1/1/2010
  • Series: Mobi Classics
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Sales rank: 617,971
  • File size: 340 KB

Table of Contents

Preface ix
Abbreviations and Conventions xi
Introduction xiii
Nicomachean Ethics 1
Book I [Happiness] 1
1. [Ends and Goods] 1
2. [The Highest Good and Political Science] 1
3. [The Method of Political Science] 2
4. [Common Beliefs] 3
5. [The Three Lives] 4
6. [The Platonic Form of the Good] 5
7. [An Account of the Human Good] 7
8. [Defense of the Account of the Good] 10
9. [How Is Happiness Achieved?] 12
10. [Can We Be Happy during Our Lifetime?] 13
11. [How Happiness Can Be Affected after One's Death] 15
12. [Praise and Honor] 15
13. [Introduction to the Virtues] 16
Book II [Virtue of Character] 18
1. [How a Virtue of Character Is Acquired] 18
2. [Habituation] 19
3. [The Importance of Pleasure and Pain] 20
4. [Virtuous Actions versus Virtuous Character] 22
5. [Virtue of Character: Its Genus] 23
6. [Virtue of Character: Its Differentia] 23
7. [The Particular Virtues of Character] 25
8. [Relations between Mean and Extreme States] 27
9. [How Can We Reach the Mean?] 29
Book III [Preconditions of Virtue] 30
1. [Voluntary Action] 30
2. [Decision] 33
3. [Deliberation] 34
4. [Wish] 36
5. [Virtue and Vice Are in Our Power] 37
[The Individual Virtues of Character] 40
6. [Bravery; Its Scope] 40
7. [Bravery; Its Characteristic Outlook] 41
8. [Conditions That Resemble Bravery] 42
9. [Feelings Proper to Bravery] 44
10. [Temperance; Its Scope] 45
11. [Temperance; Its Outlook] 47
12. [Intemperance] 48
Book IV49
1. [Generosity] 49
2. [Magnificence] 53
3. [Magnanimity] 56
4. [The Virtue Concerned with Small Honors] 60
5. [Mildness] 61
6. [Friendliness] 62
7. [Truthfulness] 63
8. [Wit] 65
9. [Shame] 66
Book V [Justice] 67
1. [Varieties of Justice] 67
2. [Special Justice Contrasted with General] 69
3. [Justice in Distribution] 71
4. [Justice in Rectification] 72
5. [Justice in Exchange] 74
6. [Political Justice] 77
7. [Justice by Nature and by Law] 78
8. [Justice, Injustice, and the Voluntary] 79
9. [Puzzles about Justice and Injustice] 80
10. [Decency] 83
11. [Injustice to Oneself] 84
Book VI [Virtues of Thought] 86
1. [The Mean and the Virtues of Thought] 86
2. [Thought, Desire, and Decision] 87
3. [Scientific Knowledge] 87
4. [Craft Knowledge] 88
5. [Prudence] 89
6. [Understanding] 90
7. [Wisdom versus Prudence] 90
8. [Types of Prudence] 92
9. [Good Deliberation] 93
10. [Comprehension] 95
11. [Practical Thought and Particulars] 95
12. [Puzzles about Prudence and Wisdom] 96
13. [Prudence and Virtue of Character] 98
Book VII [Incontinence] 99
1. [Virtue, Vice, and Incontinence] 99
2. [Puzzles about Incontinence] 100
3. [Incontinence and Ignorance] 102
4. [Simple Incontinence] 104
5. [Bestiality and Disease] 106
6. [Incontinence and Related Conditions] 107
7. [Incontinence, Intemperance, and Softness] 109
8. [Why Intemperance Is Worse than Incontinence] 110
9. [Continence] 111
10. [Answers to Further Questions about Incontinence] 113
[Pleasure] 114
11. [Questions about Pleasure] 114
12. [Pleasure and Good] 115
13. [Pleasure and Happiness] 116
14. [Bodily Pleasures] 117
Book VIII [Friendship] 119
1. [Common Beliefs and Questions] 119
2. [The Object of Friendship] 120
3. [The Three Types of Friendship] 121
4. [Comparison between the Types of Friendship] 123
5. [State and Activity in Friendship] 124
6. [Activities Characteristic of the Different Types of Friendship] 125
7. [Friendship between Unequals] 127
8. [Giving and Receiving in Friendship] 128
9. [Friendship in Communities] 129
10. [Political Systems] 130
11. [Friendships in Political Systems] 131
12. [Friendships in Families] 132
13. [Disputes in Friendships between Equals] 134
14. [Disputes in Friendships between Unequals] 136
Book IX137
1. [Friends with Dissimilar Aims] 137
2. [Conflicts between Different Types of Friendships] 139
3. [Dissolution of Friendships] 140
4. [Self-love and Friendship] 141
5. [Goodwill and Friendship] 143
6. [Friendship and Concord] 144
7. [Active Benevolence and Friendship] 145
8. [Self-love and Selfishness] 146
9. [Why Are Friends Needed?] 148
10. [How Many Friends Are Needed?] 150
11. [Friends in Good and Ill Fortune] 151
12. [Shared Activity in Friendship] 152
Book X [Pleasure] 153
1. [The Right Approach to Pleasure] 153
2. [Arguments about Pleasure] 154
3. [Pleasure Is a Good, but Not the Good] 155
4. [Pleasure Is an Activity] 157
5. [Pleasures Differ in Kind] 159
[Happiness: Further Discussion] 162
6. [Conditions for Happiness] 162
7. [Happiness and Theoretical Study] 163
8. [Theoretical Study and the Other Virtues] 165
[From Ethics to Politics] 167
9. [Moral Education] 167
Notes 172
Glossary 315
Further Reading 355
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See All Sort by: Showing 1 – 20 of 1394 Customer Reviews
  • Anonymous

    Posted February 28, 2015

    Flower, I continue to evilly laugh, like a crazy person. (I am n

    Flower, I continue to evilly laugh, like a crazy person. (I am not crazy.) I look around, then I  
    streach my wings, yawning. "Wish, Nathan, Cris, Jason, Katie, Etho, Oroborus, Alecto, Zero, or one
    of my friend were here..."

    1 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 5, 2015

    Cypher ~ Ryas "Could you describe the gun?"

    Cypher ~ Ryas

    "Could you describe the gun?"

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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 4, 2015

    Cypher smirked, slightly. "I actually don't know what it is

    Cypher smirked, slightly. "I actually don't know what it is, maybe the way you carry yourself, but you seem alright, I guess." He shrugged.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 4, 2015

    Cypher nodded. "I've felt that my other abilities come in h

    Cypher nodded. "I've felt that my other abilities come in handy more so than the ones that I get from Zeus." Cypher shrugged. "That's just an opinion though."

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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 4, 2015

    Cypher nodded, crossing his arms over his chest. "That is c

    Cypher nodded, crossing his arms over his chest. "That is correct."

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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 4, 2015

    Cypher yawned and looked around the camp.

    Cypher yawned and looked around the camp.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 4, 2015

    Cypher walked in, running a hand through his damp hair.

    Cypher walked in, running a hand through his damp hair.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 4, 2015

    Cypher ((Yes. XD))

    Cypher

    ((Yes. XD))

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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 4, 2015

    Cypher shrugged. "Not much to tell. I'm typically not very

    Cypher shrugged. "Not much to tell. I'm typically not very nice to strangers." He turned to Raven. "What exactly do you mean 'a boy like me'?"

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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 4, 2015

    Cypher shook his head. "Not me personally. I can but I chos

    Cypher shook his head. "Not me personally. I can but I chose not to. I'd say most of my powers come from Hades but that's kind of a long story." He shrugged.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 4, 2015

    Cypher chuckled lightly. "I'm son of Zeus, and you?"

    Cypher chuckled lightly. "I'm son of Zeus, and you?"

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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 4, 2015

    Cypher shook his head, smirking slightly. "Hell no. I wish.

    Cypher shook his head, smirking slightly. "Hell no. I wish."

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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 4, 2015

    Cypher looked up at Genesis. "Hello." He said, slowly

    Cypher looked up at Genesis. "Hello." He said, slowly standing up.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 4, 2015

    Cypher sighed, sitting down.

    Cypher sighed, sitting down.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 4, 2015

    Megan to Candace

    I'm at AC. xD

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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 4, 2015

    Rain ~ All friends

    Thanks to some very kind words from a very kind person, I'mma go kill myself. Goodbye.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 4, 2015

    Cypher took her hand in his, shaking it. "Cypher. Nice to m

    Cypher took her hand in his, shaking it. "Cypher. Nice to meet you."

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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 4, 2015

    Fake Flower, "Hope you don't come back Ms.Night! Bye bye no

    Fake Flower, "Hope you don't come back Ms.Night! Bye bye now!" I wave goodbye to the real Flower. " Voy a gobernar todo el campamento!" I grin evilly.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 4, 2015

    Flower ~~~~~~~~~~ "Gtg bbl/bbt maybe, seems like everyone l

    Flower ~~~~~~~~~~ "Gtg bbl/bbt maybe, seems like everyone likes the impostor of me, better then the real me." I leave the camp, through a portal. 

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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 4, 2015

    Flower, I skip in.

    Flower, I skip in.

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