Ethics, Computing, and Medicine / Edition 1

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Overview

As those in medicine increasingly depend on computers and other intelligent machines, the intersection of ethics, computing and the health professions grows much more complex and significant. This book attempts to systematically identify and address the full range of ethical issues that arise when intelligent machines are used in medicine, nursing, psychology, and allied health professions. It explores a variety of important issues, including ethics and evaluation in computational medicine; patient and provider confidentiality; responsibility for use of computers in medicine; appropriate use of decision support systems; outcomes research and computational prognosis (including mortality predictions); and computer-based biomedical research—especially meta-analysis. It is accessible to professionals and students in the fields of bioethics and medical informatics.

The book contains no figures.

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Editorial Reviews

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: Tom Koch, BA, MA (The Hospital for Sick Children)
Description: Each of this book's chapters offers the perspective of its contributor on one or more aspects of the intersection between computer systems, medicine, and bioethics.
Purpose: It offers an overview of some of the practical and ethical issues raised by the increasing use of computer-based information and knowledge systems at every level of medicine and medical research. Although there is overlap among several of the articles, each is authored by a scholar recognized in his or her area.
Audience: The intended audience includes generalists and experts in the area of medical informatics, medical practitioners, researchers using computerized systems for data collection and patient records, as well as bioethicists concerned with the effect of computers on issues of privacy, medical practice, and patient autonomy.
Features: Articles are accessible to all readers, even those with little background in computer systems or computerized medical systems. Contributors cover a range of topics, ranging from issues of privacy and equity to the potential effect of advancing systems on patient-physician relations and physician skills.
Assessment: This collection promises, and delivers, a much needed introduction to issues arising from the use of computers in various areas of medicine and medical research. Its strength is in its diversity in the issues it raises, rather than an attempt at their resolution. Its most serious deficit is the lack of a chapter on the use of online medical data by patients or their surrogates, and the effect of that use on medicine. Also lacking is a concluding chapter focusing the contributors' disparate concerns into a coherent ethical or conceptual framework. Useful and welcome for what it presents, it is a starting point and not a definitive statement in this evolving, interdisciplinary arena.
From The Critics
Reviewer: Tom Koch, BA, MA (The Hospital for Sick Children)
Description: Each of this book's chapters offers the perspective of its contributor on one or more aspects of the intersection between computer systems, medicine, and bioethics.
Purpose: It offers an overview of some of the practical and ethical issues raised by the increasing use of computer-based information and knowledge systems at every level of medicine and medical research. Although there is overlap among several of the articles, each is authored by a scholar recognized in his or her area.
Audience: The intended audience includes generalists and experts in the area of medical informatics, medical practitioners, researchers using computerized systems for data collection and patient records, as well as bioethicists concerned with the effect of computers on issues of privacy, medical practice, and patient autonomy.
Features: Articles are accessible to all readers, even those with little background in computer systems or computerized medical systems. Contributors cover a range of topics, ranging from issues of privacy and equity to the potential effect of advancing systems on patient-physician relations and physician skills.
Assessment: This collection promises, and delivers, a much needed introduction to issues arising from the use of computers in various areas of medicine and medical research. Its strength is in its diversity in the issues it raises, rather than an attempt at their resolution. Its most serious deficit is the lack of a chapter on the use of online medical data by patients or their surrogates, and the effect of that use on medicine. Also lacking is a concluding chapter focusing the contributors' disparate concerns into a coherent ethical or conceptual framework. Useful and welcome for what it presents, it is a starting point and not a definitive statement in this evolving, interdisciplinary arena.
Tom Koch
Each of this book's chapters offers the perspective of its contributor on one or more aspects of the intersection between computer systems, medicine, and bioethics. It offers an overview of some of the practical and ethical issues raised by the increasing use of computer-based information and knowledge systems at every level of medicine and medical research. Although there is overlap among several of the articles, each is authored by a scholar recognized in his or her area. The intended audience includes generalists and experts in the area of medical informatics, medical practitioners, researchers using computerized systems for data collection and patient records, as well as bioethicists concerned with the effect of computers on issues of privacy, medical practice, and patient autonomy. Articles are accessible to all readers, even those with little background in computer systems or computerized medical systems. Contributors cover a range of topics, ranging from issues of privacy and equity to the potential effect of advancing systems on patient-physician relations and physician skills. This collection promises, and delivers, a much needed introduction to issues arising from the use of computers in various areas of medicine and medical research. Its strength is in its diversity in the issues it raises, rather than an attempt at their resolution. Its most serious deficit is the lack of a chapter on the use of online medical data by patients or their surrogates, and the effect of that use on medicine. Also lacking is a concluding chapter focusing the contributors' disparate concerns into a coherent ethical or conceptual framework. Useful and welcome for what it presents, it is astarting point and not a definitive statement in this evolving, interdisciplinary arena.

3 Stars from Doody
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780521469050
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 10/28/2008
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 196
  • Product dimensions: 5.98 (w) x 8.98 (h) x 0.43 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface; List of contributors; 1. Bioethics and health informatics: an introduction Kenneth W. Goodman; 2. Medical informatics and human values Terrell Ward Bynum and John L. Fodor; 3. Responsibility for computer-based decisions in health care John W. Snapper; 4. Evaluating medical information systems: social contexts and ethical challenges James G. Anderson and Carolyn E. Aydin; 5. Health care information: access, confidentiality and good practice Sheri Alpert; 6. Ethical challenges in the use of decision-support software in clinical practice Randolph A. Miller and Kenneth W. Goodman; 7. Outcomes, futility, and health policy research Kenneth W. Goodman; 8. Meta-analysis: conceptual, ethical, and policy issues Kenneth W. Goodman.

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