Ethics For Life: A Text with Readings / Edition 6

Ethics For Life: A Text with Readings / Edition 6

by Judith Boss
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0078038332

ISBN-13: 9780078038334

Pub. Date: 03/01/2013

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education

Both scholarly and practical, this text with readings provides a clear, well-organized overview of theoretical ethics. With a contemporary tone and framework, it aims to significantly improve students' ability to make real-life moral decisions. Multicultural coverage and attention to college students' moral development help readers relate the material to their own

Overview

Both scholarly and practical, this text with readings provides a clear, well-organized overview of theoretical ethics. With a contemporary tone and framework, it aims to significantly improve students' ability to make real-life moral decisions. Multicultural coverage and attention to college students' moral development help readers relate the material to their own experience and their own moral growth.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780078038334
Publisher:
McGraw-Hill Higher Education
Publication date:
03/01/2013
Edition description:
Net
Pages:
464
Sales rank:
149,521
Product dimensions:
7.30(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.80(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

Table of Contents

Section I The Study of Ethics
Chapter 1 Ethics: An Overview

What is Ethics?

Normative and Theoretical Ethics

Philosophy and the Search for Wisdom

Reading: Plato, "Allegory of the Cave"

Metaphysics and the Study of Human Nature

Moral Knowledge: Can Moral Beliefs Be True?

Reading: A.J. Ayer, "Emotivism"
Chapter 2 Moral Reasoning

The Three Levels of Thinking

Moral Analysis, Praxis, and Paradigm Shifts

Overcoming Resistance

Reading: 1984 by George Orwell

Recognizing and Constructing Moral Arguments

Avoiding Logical Fallacies

Resolving Moral Dilemmas

Reading: Mary Midgley, Can't We Make Moral Judgments?

A Final Word
Section II Ethical Relativism
Chapter 3 Ethical Subjectivism: Morality Is Just a Matter of Personal Feeling

What is Ethical Subjectivism?

What Ethical Subjectivism Is Not

Reading: Stephen A. Satris, "Student Relativism"

The Roots of Ethical Subjectivism in Romantic Sentimentalism

Reading: Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Emile

The Kitty Genovese Syndrome

Critique of Ethical Subjectivism
Chapter 4 Cultural Relativism: Is Morality Dependent on Culture?

What is Cultural Relativism?

Distinguishing Between Cultural and Sociological Relativism

Social Darwinian Ethics: The Concept of Moral Progress

Ruth Benedict: Cultural Relativism as a Protest Against Social Darwinism

Reading: Ruth Benedict, "Anthropology and the Abnormal"

Cultural Relativism and the Moral Community

Reading: "We Are All Related" by Eagle Man

Cultural Relativism, Cross-Cultural Criticism, and Moral Progress

The Holocaust and Disillusionment with Cultural Relativism

Critique of Cultural Relativism
Section III Beyond Ethical Relativism
Chapter 5 Is Morality Grounded in Religion?

Religion and Morality

The Divine Command Theory

Reading: "Euthyphro" by Plato

Natural Law Theory

Reading: Thomas Aquinas, The Summa Theologica

Critique of Divine Command Theory

Critique of Natural Law Theory

Religion, Natural Law Theory, and Civil Disobedience

Civil Religion and Cultural Relativism

Religion and the Moral Community

God and the Problem of Evil

Does Morality Need Religion?
Chapter 6 Conscience and Moral Development

Ethics and the Study of Human Development

Conscience: Culturally Relative or Universal?

The Affective and Cognitive Sides of the Conscience

Lawrence Kohlberg: The Stage Theory of Moral Development

Reading: Lawrence Kohlberg, The Philosophy of Moral Development

Carol Gilligan: The Care Perspective

Reading: Carol Gilligan, In a Different Voice

James Rest: The Four Components of Moral Behavior

Moral Maturity: Moving Beyond Ethical Relativism
Section IV Morality as Universal
Chapter 7 Ethical Egoism: Morality Is Acting in Our Best Self-Interest

What is Ethical Egoism?

Reading: Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan

Psychological Egoism

Ayn Rand: Objectivist Ethics and Rational Egoism

Reading: Ayn Rand, The Fountainhead

Ethical Egoism and Laissez-Faire Capitalism

Ethical Egoism and the Moral Community

Self-Interest and Happiness

Critique of Ethical Egoism
Chapter 8 Utilitarianism: The Greatest Happiness Principle

Utilitarianism and the Principle of Utility

Mo Tzu: Utilitarianism as Universal Love

Jeremy Bentham: Utilitarianism and Social Reform

Reading: Jeremy Bentham, An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation

John Stuart Mill: Reformulation of Utilitarianism

Reading: John Stuart Mill, Utilitarianism

Utilitarianism and the Moral Community

Euthanasia and the Principle of Utility: Is Death Always Harm?

Critique of Utilitarianism
Chapter 9 Deontology: The Ethics of Duty

Deontology and Duty

Confucius: Duty and the Community

Reading: Arthur Waley, trans., The Analects of Confucius

Immanuel Kant: The Categorical Imperative

READING: Immanuel Kant, Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysics of Ethics

The Good Will and Proper Self-Esteem

Sissela Bok: Is the Duty Not to Lie Absolute?

W.D. Ross: Prima Facie Deontology

The Duty of Justice

Critique of Deontology
Chapter 10 Rights Ethics: The Other Side of Deontology

The Emergence of Rights Ethics in Modern Society

Reading: United Nations, "The Universal Declaration of Human Rights"

Natural Rights Ethics

Reading: John Locke, Two Treatises of Civil Government

The Marxist Critique of Natural Rights Ethics

Rights and Duties

Liberty (Negative) Rights and Welfare (Positive) Rights

Rights and the Moral Community

Critique of Rights Ethics
Chapter 11 Virtue Ethics and the Good Life

Virtue Ethics and Character

Aristotle: Reason and Virtue

Reading: Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics

Confucius and Aristotle: The Doctrine of the Mean

David Hume: Sentiment and Virtue

Nel Noddings: Feminist Care Ethics

Nel Noddings, Caring: A Feminine Approach to Ethics and Moral Education

Is Virtue Relative to Culture, Social Status, and Gender?

The Unity of Virtue

Virtue and Moral Education

Critique of Virtue Ethics

Afterward

Glossary

Notes

Photo and Illustration Credits

Index

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