Ethics in Crime and Justice: Dilemmas and Decisions / Edition 1 by Joycelyn M. Pollock-Byrne | 9780534097684 | Paperback | Barnes & Noble
Ethics in Crime and Justice: Dilemmas and Decisions / Edition 1

Ethics in Crime and Justice: Dilemmas and Decisions / Edition 1

by Joycelyn M. Pollock-Byrne
     
 

ISBN-10: 0534097685

ISBN-13: 9780534097684

Pub. Date: 12/28/1988

Publisher: Wadsworth

This textbook seeks to apply ethical thinking to contemporary issues in the criminal justice system. It begins by reviewing the nature of ethics, its competing theories, and the various accounts how ethical behavior is developed. It then considers the nature of justice, the law, and the ethics of social control. These two spheres of thought inform discussions of

Overview

This textbook seeks to apply ethical thinking to contemporary issues in the criminal justice system. It begins by reviewing the nature of ethics, its competing theories, and the various accounts how ethical behavior is developed. It then considers the nature of justice, the law, and the ethics of social control. These two spheres of thought inform discussions of official corruption and brutality, and the ethical issues faced by police, lawyers, judges, and corrections professionals. Broader questions about the nature of punishment, community corrections, and criminal justice policy are also discussed. Pollock teaches at Southwest Texas State University. Annotation ©2003 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780534097684
Publisher:
Wadsworth
Publication date:
12/28/1988
Series:
Contemporary Issues in Crime and Justice Series
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
169

Table of Contents

Prefacexii
1Morality, Ethics, and Human Behavior1
Why Study Ethics?2
Defining Terms7
Morals and Ethics7
Making Moral Judgments9
Duties12
Values12
Morality and the Law14
Criminal Culpability/Moral Culpability15
Regulations, Standards, and Rules18
Morality and Behavior20
Analyzing Ethical Dilemmas21
Conclusion23
Review Questions23
Ethical Dilemmas24
Suggested Readings25
2Determining Moral Behavior26
Ethical Systems28
Deontological and Teleological Ethical Systems29
Ethical Formalism29
Utilitarianism32
Other Ethical Systems35
Religion35
Natural Law38
The Ethics of Virtue39
The Ethics of Care42
Egoism43
Relativism and Absolutism44
Toward a Resolution: Situational Ethics46
Resulting Concerns48
Conclusion49
Review Questions50
Ethical Dilemmas50
Suggested Readings51
3Developing Moral and Ethical Behavior52
Theories of Moral Development53
Biological Theories54
Learning Theory55
Developmental Theories57
Ethics, Behavior, and Criminality64
Predicting Behavior64
Teaching Ethics65
Teaching Ethics in Criminal Justice68
Morality, Criminology, and Offender Populations70
Conclusion74
Review Questions75
Ethical Dilemmas76
Suggested Readings76
4Justice and the Law77
Origins of the Concept of Justice79
Components of Justice80
Distributive Justice81
Corrective Justice87
Paradigms of Law97
The Consensus Paradigm98
The Conflict Paradigm99
Conclusion102
Review Questions103
Ethical Dilemmas103
Suggested Readings104
5Further Issues in Retributive Justice105
Law and Social Control106
Legal Paternalism107
Legal Moralism108
Criminal and Moral Culpability111
Punishing the Mentally Ill111
Punishing Juveniles113
Punishing White-Collar Criminals116
Victim's Rights117
Victim Precipitation122
Restorative Justice122
Immoral Laws and the Moral Person123
The Criminal Justice Professional127
Balancing Law and Justice128
Conclusion130
Review Questions130
Ethical Dilemmas131
Suggested Readings131
6The Ethics of Social Control132
The Police Role in Society134
Crime Fighter or Public Servant?134
Authority and Power138
Formal Ethics for Police Officers139
The Law Enforcement Code of Ethics140
The Police Subculture and Formal Ethics144
Discretion, Discrimination, and Duty150
Discretion150
Discrimination153
Duty158
Crime Fighter and Pubic Servant?161
Conclusion163
Review Questions163
Ethical Dilemmas164
Suggested Readings165
7Corruption and the "Code"166
Types of Corruption167
Gratuities168
Graft174
Sexual Harassment and Assault175
Other Crimes177
A Worldwide Problem179
Excessive Force180
Culture of Force183
Deadly Force185
Loyalty and Whistle blowing186
Teleological Arguments187
Deontological Arguments188
Loyalty188
Explanations of Deviance191
Individual Explanations191
Organizational Explanations192
Societal Explanations193
Conclusion194
Review Questions194
Ethical Dilemmas194
Suggested Readings195
8Ethics and Law Enforcement Practices196
Noble-Cause Corruption197
Investigation199
The Use of Undercover Officers203
The Use of Informants206
Justifications for Undercover Operations208
Interrogation211
Management Issues215
Change Efforts216
Ethical Leadership220
Different Questions/Different Answers?224
Conclusion226
Review Questions227
Ethical Dilemmas227
Suggested Readings228
9Ethics and Legal Professionals229
First, Let's Kill All the Lawyers ...230
Perceptions of Judicial Processing232
Ethical Issues for Legal Professionals236
The Attorney--Client Relationship238
A Higher Standard of Behavior?241
The Use of Discretion242
Ethical Issues for Defense Attorneys243
Responsibility to the Client245
Confidentiality247
Conflicts of Interest251
Zealous Defense253
Conclusion257
Review Questions257
Ethical Dilemmas257
Suggested Readings258
10Special Issues for Prosecutors and Judges259
Ethical Issues for Prosecutors260
Use of Discretion260
Conflicts of Interest263
Plea Bargaining265
Media Relations266
Expert Witnesses267
Zealous Prosecution270
Prosecutorial Misconduct274
Ethical Issues for Judges276
Ethical Guidelines277
Use of Discretion278
Judicial Misconduct283
Conclusion284
Review Questions285
Ethical Dilemmas285
Suggested Readings286
11The Ethics of Punishment and Corrections287
Rationales for Punishment and Corrections289
Retribution291
Prevention295
Ethical Frameworks for Corrections300
Utilitarianism300
Ethical Formalism301
Ethics of Care302
Rawlsian Ethics303
Punishment303
Humane Punishment304
Capital Punishment305
Private Corrections308
Conclusion312
Review Questions313
Ethical Dilemmas313
Suggested Readings314
12Ethics for Correctional Professionals315
Correctional Professionals316
Correctional Officers317
The Correctional Officer Subculture320
Relationships with Inmates321
General Conduct and the "Good Officer"324
Use of Force326
Corruption329
Loyalty and Whistle blowing332
Jail Officers333
Treatment Staff336
Management Issues339
Correctional Management and the Courts340
Correctional Management and Unions342
Cross-Sex Supervision343
Conclusion345
Review Questions346
Ethical Dilemmas346
Suggested Readings347
13Corrections in the Community348
The Concept of Community Corrections349
Probation and Parole Officers351
Use of Discretion351
Probation/Parole Officer Subculture353
Caseload Supervision356
Corruption358
Parole358
A New Paradigm of Corrections?360
Reintegrative Shaming versus Stigmatizing Shaming361
Ethical Issues in Restorative Justice363
Conclusion365
Review Questions366
Ethical Dilemmas366
Suggested Readings367
14Criminal Justice Policy368
Policy Making in Criminal Justice369
Ideologies of Liberalism and Conservatism369
Myths and Reality in Criminal Justice372
Criminal Justice Researchers--Participants in Myth Making?373
Ethical Leadership374
Individual Decision Making377
Why Be Ethical?384
Revisiting "Means-End" Thinking in Times of Trouble386
Conclusion389
Review Questions389
Ethical Dilemmas389
Suggested Readings390
Glossary391
Bibliography397
Name Index415
Subject Index421
Table of Cases426

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