Ethics: Theory and Practice / Edition 11

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Overview

Making Ethical Ideas Accessible to Students!

With a clear presentation, Ethics: Theory and Practice educates readers about ethical theory and has them apply what they learn to specific classic and contemporary moral problems (lying, cheating, establishing ethical business practices, honoring ethical obligations in medicine, etc.).

Jacques P. Thiroux first wrote this text 1977 in order to educate readers about ethical theory and its applications in a way that beginning students could understand. The result was an accessible text that isn't too technical and doesn't plunge into complex readings without sufficient background. The text is fully updated with global issues and non-Western ethical views. Keith W. Krasemann now continues Thiroux's efforts of making ethical ideas accessible to students. Besides updating the foundations of the text, Krasemann incorporates new and relevant material, most of which is often unique only to this text.

Teaching and Learning Experience

Personalize Learning - MyThinkingLabdelivers proven results in helping students succeed, provides engaging experiences that personalize learning, and comes from a trusted partner with educational expertise and a deep commitment to helping students and instructors achieve their goals.

Improve Critical Thinking - Outstanding student content - including cases for study and discussion, a chapter on how to set up an ethical system, eight appendices, supplementary reading lists, and more! - encourage students to examine their assumptions, discern hidden values, evaluate evidence, assess their conclusions, and more!

Engage StudentsEthics: Theory and Practice provides chapter objectives, exercises for review, discussion questions, ethics problems and more! All features which encourage students to learn how ethical theories can be applied to their everyday lives.

Support Instructors — Teaching your course just got easier! You can create a Customized Text or use our Instructor’s Manual, Electronic “MyTest” Test Bank or PowerPoint Presentation Slides.

Note: MyThinkingLab does no come automatically packaged with this text. To purchase MyThinkingLab, please visit www.MyThinkingLab.com or you can purchase a valuepack of the text + MyThinkingLab (VP ISBN-10: 020517640, VP ISBN-13: 9780205064656)

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
The theory section begins with an introductory chapter ("what is morality?"), then covers teleological and deontological theories of morality, absolutism vs. relativism, freedom vs. determinism, and reward and punishment<-->each of the six chapters includes review and discussion questions. In the practice section, eight chapters with case studies discuss issues such as capital punishment, suicide, war and terrorism, mercy killing and mercy death, abortion, breaking promises, premarital sex, masturbation, bioethics, honesty in business, media ethics, animal rights, and protection of endangered species. Between the sections is a pivotal chapter that encourages students to establish their own ethical system, then shows them how. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780205053148
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Publication date: 8/5/2011
  • Series: MyThinkingLab Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 11
  • Pages: 480
  • Sales rank: 182,979
  • Product dimensions: 7.90 (w) x 9.90 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

Dear Colleague,

The importance of teaching ethics in higher education has never been greater. In our rapidly changing, globally expanding world, key challenges and problems revolve around fundamental issues in ethics. Leadership in such a world demands courage, commitment, character and good ethical reasoning skills to address these challenges head on. With the eleventh edition of Ethics: Theory and Practice I wish to acknowledge the significant contributions made by all involved in the teaching of ethics courses who engage students with the core issues of our time.

Ethics: Theory and Practice is utilized by many professors in their ethics courses and I invite you to review the eleventh edition. The book is divided into eight chapters of ethical theory balanced by eight chapters of applied ethics. It also includes eight appendices. The text is comprehensive, and each chapter features a chapter summary, many exercises with suggestions for paper topics and ethics projects, and a list of discussion questions and an ethics problem. In addition, each chapter on applied ethics includes many case studies. Plus at the text of the text, a substantial list of supplementary readings is included along with a complete glossary of ethical terms. The eleventh edition is also accompanied by www.MyThinkingLab, an online website that houses an eBook version of the print text, case studies, videos, additional readings, quizzes and more!

I would like to thank the many professors who use Ethics: Theory and Practice and the new reviewers of this textbook. Your comments and constructive recommendations are always welcome and will help make future editions better. I’m also interested in hearing about the innovative ways that you use the book in your classes, successful pedagogical techniques, and student reactions. Feel free to email me at Kraseman@cod.edu.

I wish you continued success in your teaching of ethics courses.

Best Regards,

Keith W. Krasemann

College of DuPage

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Read an Excerpt

PREFACE:

Preface

First of all I want to thank all of the students and professors for having enough faith in me and my book to find it useful and usable. The book has been in print now for 22 years! Quite a feat for any text, much less one on ethics. I am very proud and grateful to all of you for making it so. It has even been "bootlegged" by the People's Republic of China and was translated into Chinese in 1981.

I have tried to make the book more relevant, more all-inclusive, and more up-to-date each time I have revised it. This has not always been easy. For example following Supreme Court decisions on an issue, the increasing violence and terrorism in the world today, and problems with mass media coverage of people and events have made updating necessary and at times difficult in this edition.

In addition to updating abortion, physician-assisted death, and other issues, I have decided to change the chapter on Business Ethics to Business and Media Ethics, including moral questions of media coverage such as in the cases of Princess Diana, Clinton-Lewinsky, John F. Kennedy, Jr., the crash of TWA Flight 800, and other events.

I hope this book continues to be useful, and I welcome any suggestions, which may be sent to Prentice Hall.

Special thanks to Jennifer Ackerman, Edie Riker, Ross Miller, and all of the people at Prentice Hall who have helped with this revision. As we approach the 2000 presidential election, ethics continues to be one of our most important endeavors. We must continue debating the issues and using the best ethical reasoning we can bring to the difficult problems of the twenty-first century.

Jacques P. Thiroux
Professor Emeritus, Bakersfield College,
California State University, Bakersfield

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Table of Contents

Preface

Chapter 1 The Nature of Morality

Objectives

What is Philosophy and Ethics’ Relationship to It?

Key Terms

Approaches to the Study of Morality

Morality and Its Applications

Where Does Morality Come From?

Customary or Traditional and Reflective Morality

Morality, Law, and Religion

Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Development

Why Should Human Beings Be Moral?

Chapter Summary

Exercises for Review

Discussion Questions

Notes

Research Navigator™

Chapter 2 Consequentialist (Teleological) Theories of Morality

Objectives

Psychological Egoism

Ethical Egoism

Utilitarianism

Difficulty with Consequentialist Theories in General

Care Ethics

Chapter Summary

Exercises for Review

Discussion Questions

Notes

Research Navigator™

Chapter 3 Nonconsequentialist (Deontological) Theories of Morality

Objectives

Act Nonconsequentialist Theories

Rule Nonconsequentialist Theories

General Criticisms of Nonconsequentialist Theories

Conclusions

Chapter Summary

Exercises for Review

Discussion Questions

Notes

Research Navigator™

Chapter 4 Virtue Ethics

Objectives

Definition of Terms

Aristotle’s Nichomachean Ethics

Confucian Moral Self-Cultivation

Confucian Role Ethics

Contemporary Analysis of Virtue Ethics

Who Is The Ideal Virtuous Person?

Vice and Virtue

Conclusions

Chapter Summary

Excersices for Review

Discussion Questions

Notes

Research Navigator™

Chapter 5 Absolutism versus Relativism

Objectives

The Meanings of Absolute

The Meaning of Relative

Cultural Relativism and Cultural Absolutism

Propositions and Truth

Conclusion

Chapter Summary

Exercises for Review

Discussion Questions

Notes

Research Navigator™

Chapter 6 Freedom versus Determinism

Objectives

The Meaning of Determinism

Types and Theories of Determinism

Fatalism and Hard and Soft Determinism

Indeterminism

Criticisms of Hard Determinism and Arguments for Freedom

Conclusion: Soft Determinism

Chapter Summary

Exercises for Review

Discussion Questions

Notes

Research Navigator™

Chapter 7 Reward and Punishment

Objectives

Definition of Key Terms

Reward and Punishment in Relationship to Justice

Elements of Justice

Reward

Theories of How to Reward

John Rawls and His Theory of Justice

Punishment

Theories of Punishment

Is a Synthesis Possible?

Human Rights

Chapter Summary

Exercises for Review

Discussion Questions

Notes

Research Navigator™

Chapter 8 Setting Up a Moral System: Basic Assumptions and Basic Principles

Objectives

Conflicting General Moral Issues

Basic Assumptions

Basic Principles, Individual Freedom, and Their Justification

Priority of the Basic Principles

A General Way of Determining Priority—Two Categories

How the System of Humanitarian Ethics Works

Conclusion

Chapter Summary

Exercises for Review

Discussion Questions

Note

Research Navigator™

Chapter 9 The Taking of Human Life

Objectives

The Taking of Human Life

Suicide

Defense of the Innocent (the Self Included)

Cases for Study and Discussion

War

Terrorism

Cases for Study and Discussion

Capital Punishment

Cases for Study and Discussion

Chapter Summary

Exercises for Review

Views of Major Ethical Theories on the Taking of Human Life

Suicide

Defense of the Innocent

War and Terrorism

Capital Punishment

Reader Reactions

Notes

Research Navigator™

Chapter 10 Allowing Someone to Die, Mercy Death, and Mercy Killing

Objectives

Definition of Terms

Current Legal Status of Mercy Death and Mercy Killing

Allowing Someone to Die

Cases for Study and Discussion

Mercy Death

Cases for Study and Discussion

Mercy Killing

Cases for Study and Discussion

Chapter Summary

Exercises for Review

Views of the Major Ethical Theories on Allowing Someone to Die, Mercy Death, and Mercy Killing

Notes

Research Navigator™

Chapter 11 Abortion

Objectives

Introduction to the Abortion Issue

When Does Human Life Begin?

Arguments Against Abortion

Arguments for Abortion

The More Moderate Positions on Abortion

Cases for Study and Discussion

Chapter Summary

Exercises for Review

Views of the Major Ethical Theories on Abortion

Notes

Research Navigator™

Chapter 12 Lying, Cheating, Breaking Promises, and Stealing

Objectives

Introduction

Definitions of Key Terms

Nonconsequentialist and Consequentialist Views

Lying

Cases for Study and Discussion

Cheating

Cases for Study and Discussion

Breaking Promises

Cases for Study and Discussion

Stealing

Cases for Study and Discussion

Chapter Summary

Exercises for Review

Views of the Major Ethical Theories on Lying, Cheating, Breaking Promises, and Stealing

Notes

Research Navigator™

Chapter 13 Morality, Marriage, and Human Sexuality

Objectives

Major Aspects of Human Sexuality

The Meaning and Purposes of Human Sexuality

Premarital Sex

Sex in Marriage-Type Relationships (Including Nonlegal)

Masturbation

Pornography

Prostitution

Sexual Perversion or “Unnatural” Sexual Activity

Cases for Study and Discussion

Chapter Summary

Exercises for Review

Views of the Major Ethical Theories on Morality, Human Sexuality, and Marriage

Notes

Research Navigator™

Chapter 14 Bioethics—Ethical Issues in Medicine

Objectives

Introduction and Definition of Terms

Health Care Professionals and Patients and Their Families—Rights and Obligations

Truth Telling and Informed Consent

Confidentiality

Guilt and Innocence in Treating Patients

Ethical Issues in Medicine

Stem Cell Research

Cases for Study and Discussion

Chapter Summary

Exercises for Review

Views of the Major Ethical Theories on Bioethical Issues

Notes

Research Navigator™

Chapter 15 Business and Media Ethics

Objectives

Introduction

Rights and Obligations in Business

Two Ways of Approaching Rights and Obligations in Business

The Moderate Position

Justice, Truth Telling, and Honesty in Business

Ethical Issues in Business

Sexual Harassment

The New Global Economy and the International Business Scene

Media Ethics

Corporate Greed—Enron

Cases for Study and Discussion

Chapter Summary

Exercises for Review

Views of the Major Ethical Theories on Business and Media Ethics

Notes

Research Navigator™

Chapter 16 Environmental Ethics

Objectives

Key Terms

Nature and Morality

Environmental Ethical Issues

Our Attitude Toward Nature and What Lies Behind It

Arguments for Use and Exploitation of the Natural Environment

Arguments Against the Use and Exploitation of Nature

Moderate Position

Criteria for Animal Rights

Ways of Dealing with Animal Rights

Use of Animals for Food

Use of Animals for Experimentation

Killing Animals for Sport

Protection of Endangered Species

Non-Western Perspectives on Environmental Issues

Conclusion

Cases for Study and Discussion

Chapter Summary

Exercises for Review

Views of Major Ethical Theories on Environmental Ethics

Notes

Research Navigator™

Appendixes

Introduction

Appendix 1: Applying Humanitarian Ethics to the Moral Problems of the Taking of Human Life

Appendix 2: Applying Humanitarian Ethics to the Moral Problems of Allowing Someone to Die, Mercy Death, and Mercy Killing

Appendix 3: Applying Humanitarian Ethics to the Moral Problems of Abortion

Appendix 4: Applying Humanitarian Ethics to the Moral Problems of Lying, Cheating, Breaking Promises, and Stealing

Appendix 5: Applying Humanitarian Ethics to the Moral Problems of Human Sexuality

Appendix 6: Applying Humanitarian Ethics to Moral Problems in Medicine (Bioethics)

Appendix 7: Applying Humanitarian Ethics to Moral Problems in Business (Business and Media Ethics)

Appendix 8: Applying Humanitarian Ethics to Environmental Ethics

Supplementary Reading

Glossary

Index

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Preface

PREFACE:

Preface

First of all I want to thank all of the students and professors for having enough faith in me and my book to find it useful and usable. The book has been in print now for 22 years! Quite a feat for any text, much less one on ethics. I am very proud and grateful to all of you for making it so. It has even been "bootlegged" by the People's Republic of China and was translated into Chinese in 1981.

I have tried to make the book more relevant, more all-inclusive, and more up-to-date each time I have revised it. This has not always been easy. For example following Supreme Court decisions on an issue, the increasing violence and terrorism in the world today, and problems with mass media coverage of people and events have made updating necessary and at times difficult in this edition.

In addition to updating abortion, physician-assisted death, and other issues, I have decided to change the chapter on Business Ethics to Business and Media Ethics, including moral questions of media coverage such as in the cases of Princess Diana, Clinton-Lewinsky, John F. Kennedy, Jr., the crash of TWA Flight 800, and other events.

I hope this book continues to be useful, and I welcome any suggestions, which may be sent to Prentice Hall.

Special thanks to Jennifer Ackerman, Edie Riker, Ross Miller, and all of the people at Prentice Hall who have helped with this revision. As we approach the 2000 presidential election, ethics continues to be one of our most important endeavors. We must continue debating the issues and using the best ethical reasoning we can bring to the difficult problems of the twenty-first century.

Jacques P. Thiroux
Professor Emeritus, Bakersfield College,
California State University, Bakersfield

Read More Show Less

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