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What are the ethical responsibilities of the historian in an age of mass murder and hyperreality? Can one be postmodern and still write history? For whom should history be written?
Edith Wyschogrod animates such questions through the passionate figure of the "heterological historian." Realizing the philosophical impossibility of ever recovering "what really happened," this historian nevertheless acknowledges a moral imperative to speak for those who have been rendered voiceless, to give countenance to those who have become faceless, and hope to the desolate. Wyschogrod also weighs the impact of modern archival methods, such as photographs, film, and the Internet, which bring with them new constraints on the writing of history and which mandate a new vision of community. Drawing on the works of continental philosophers, historiographers, cognitive scientists, and filmmakers, Wyschogrod creates a powerful new framework for the understanding of history and the ethical duties of the historian.
Illustrations Acknowledgments Prologue Abbreviations
1: Re-signing History, De-signing Ethics
The Historian's Promise Historical Truth and the End of Representation The Necessity of Naming That Which Cannot Be Named: The Cataclysm Historical Narrative History as Science: L'Esprit de Geometrie et L'Esprit de Finesse Factuality Revisited: Lies, Fiction, Ficciones Ficciones and History: Foucault
2: Reading the Heterological Historian Reading Kant
The Nihil and Analogy Heteronomy's Rule The Ends of History The Aesthetic and the Cataclysm
3: The Historical Object and the Mark of the Grapheme: Images, Simulacra, and Virtual Reality
Runaway Images The Historian and the Camera: Still Photography The Co-optation of the Look History as Archive of the Moving Image The French Revolution in Narrative and Film Images and Information
4: Wired in the Absolute: Hegel and the Being of Appearance
The Specular Absolute and Release from the Object Plenum and Void Terror and Cataclysm
5: Re-membering the Past: The Historian as Time Traveler
Voyages in Time Time's Duality: From Hegel to Nietzsche and Back McTaggart's Paradox: Tensed and Tenseless Time The Speech and Silence of Heterology
6: Re-membering the Past
The Tablet and the Aviary
"That This Too Too Solid Flesh Would Melt"
From "Trace" to Shining Trace Flickering Memories: Images and Signs La Cage aux Folles: From Tablet to Aviary and Back The Mind Is a Bone: Skull, Brains, and Memory Matter Matters: Brain States and Mental Acts Differance Is in the Neurons Ownerless Memories: Artificial Life and Biological Computers
7: The Gift of Community
Unsaying Rational Community: Autochthony and Desire Humanity's Essence Is Production Exteriority and Community The Gift of the Future The Gift of Hope Notes Index