Ethics: History, Theory, and Contemporary Issues / Edition 5

Ethics: History, Theory, and Contemporary Issues / Edition 5

by Steven M. Cahn, Peter Markie
     
 

ISBN-10: 0199797269

ISBN-13: 9780199797264

Pub. Date: 09/02/2011

Publisher: Oxford University Press

The most comprehensive collection of its kind, Ethics: History, Theory, and Contemporary Issues, Third Edition, is organized into three parts, providing instructors with flexibility in designing and teaching a variety of courses in moral philosophy. The first part, Historical Sources, moves from classical thought (Plato, Aristotle, Epicurus, and Epictetus) through…  See more details below

Overview

The most comprehensive collection of its kind, Ethics: History, Theory, and Contemporary Issues, Third Edition, is organized into three parts, providing instructors with flexibility in designing and teaching a variety of courses in moral philosophy. The first part, Historical Sources, moves from classical thought (Plato, Aristotle, Epicurus, and Epictetus) through medieval views (Augustine and Aquinas) to modern theories (Hobbes, Butler, Hume, Kant, Bentham, and Mill), culminating with leading nineteenth- and twentieth-century thinkers (Nietzsche, James, Dewey, Camus, and Sartre). The second part, Modern Ethical Theory, includes many of the most important essays of the past century. The discussion of utilitarianism, Kantianism, egoism, and relativism continues in the work of major contemporary philosophers (Foot, Brandt, Williams, Wolf, and Nagel). Landmark selections (Moore, Prichard, Ross, Ayer, Stevenson, Hare, Baier, Anscombe, Gauthier, and Harman) reflect concern with moral language and the justification of morality. The concepts of justice (Rawls) and rights (Feinberg) are explored, as well as recent views on the importance of virtue ethics (Rachels) and an ethic influenced by feminist concerns (Held). In the third part, Contemporary Moral Problems, the readings present the current debates over abortion, euthanasia, famine relief, animal rights, the death penalty, and whether numbers should play a role in making moral decisions.

The third edition expands Part II, Modern Ethical Theory, adding essays by Onora O'Neill, Ruth Barcan Marcus, Allan Gibbard, Nicholas L. Sturgeon, and Martha Nussbaum. Part III, Contemporary Moral Problems, features new essays on abortion by Mary Anne Warren, Don Marquis, and Rosalind Hursthouse; an essay on the death penalty by Stephen Nathanson; and a debate between John M. Taurek and Derek Parfit on when and why one should save from harm a greater rather than a lesser number of people. The book concludes with an essay by Judith Jarvis Thomson on the trolley problem. Wherever possible, each reading is printed in its entirety.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780199797264
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Publication date:
09/02/2011
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
992
Product dimensions:
7.50(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.40(d)

Table of Contents

IHistorical sources
Introduction1
1Euthyphro5
Defence of Socrates16
Crito33
Phaedo (115d-118)42
Republic (selections)44
2Nicomachean ethics (selections)124
3Letter to Menoeceus178
Leading doctrines180
4Enchiridion183
5Enchiridion on faith, hope, and love (selections)195
6Summa contra gentiles (selections)202
7Leviathan (selections)218
8Fifteen sermons (selections)229
9An enquiry concerning the principles of morals (selections)244
10Groundwork of the metaphysics of morals270
11An introduction to the principles of morals and legislation (selections)309
12Utilitarianism317
13Beyond good and evil (selections)352
On the genealogy of morals (selections)355
Twilight of the idols (selections)358
14The moral philosopher and the moral life361
15The quest for certainty (selections)373
16The myth of Sisyphus (selections)387
17Existentialism is a humanism396
IIModern ethical theory
Introduction403
18Principia Ethica (selections)413
19Does moral philosophy rest on a mistake?419
20The right and the good (selections)429
21Language, truth, and logic (selections)439
22The emotive meaning of ethical terms445
23Freedom and reason (selections)456
24The point of view of morality466
25Modern moral philosophy481
26A theory of justice (selections)493
27Why contractarianism?516
28Psychological egoism527
29Morality as a system of hypothetical imperatives535
30Consistency in action541
31Moral dilemmas and consistency558
32Some merits of one form of rule utilitarianism568
33A critique of utilitarianism585
34Moral judgment and the acceptance of norms601
35The nature and value of rights614
36The nature of morality (selections)625
37Moral explanations636
38The challenge of cultural relativism651
39Non-relative virtues : an Aristotelian approach659
40Reason, gender, and moral theory679
41The ethics of virtue695
42Moral saints706
43Moral luck719
IIIContemporary moral problems
Introduction729
44A defense of abortion733
45On the moral and legal status of abortion744
46An argument that abortion is wrong754
47Virtue theory and abortion765
48Active and passive euthanasia779
49Killing and letting die783
50Famine, affluence, and morality789
51Famine relief and the ideal moral code797
52The case for animal rights809
53The case for the use of animals in biomedical research817
54In defense of the death penalty824
55An eye for an eye : the morality of punishing by death834
56Should the numbers count?844
57Innumerate ethics857
58The trolley problem866

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