Ethics: History, Theory, and Contemporary Issues / Edition 3

Ethics: History, Theory, and Contemporary Issues / Edition 3

by Steven M. Cahn
     
 

View All Available Formats & Editions

ISBN-10: 0195178408

ISBN-13: 9780195178401

Pub. Date: 07/05/2005

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

The most comprehensive collection of its kind, Ethics: History, Theory, and Contemporary Issues, Third Edition, is organized into three parts, providing instructors with flexibility in designing and teaching a variety of courses in moral philosophy. The first part, Historical Sources, moves from classical thought (Plato, Aristotle, Epicurus, and Epictetus) through

Overview

The most comprehensive collection of its kind, Ethics: History, Theory, and Contemporary Issues, Third Edition, is organized into three parts, providing instructors with flexibility in designing and teaching a variety of courses in moral philosophy. The first part, Historical Sources, moves from classical thought (Plato, Aristotle, Epicurus, and Epictetus) through medieval views (Augustine and Aquinas) to modern theories (Hobbes, Butler, Hume, Kant, Bentham, and Mill), culminating with leading nineteenth- and twentieth-century thinkers (Nietzsche, James, Dewey, Camus, and Sartre). The second part, Modern Ethical Theory, includes many of the most important essays of the past century. The discussion of utilitarianism, Kantianism, egoism, and relativism continues in the work of major contemporary philosophers (Foot, Brandt, Williams, Wolf, and Nagel). Landmark selections (Moore, Prichard, Ross, Ayer, Stevenson, Hare, Baier, Anscombe, Gauthier, and Harman) reflect concern with moral language and the justification of morality. The concepts of justice (Rawls) and rights (Feinberg) are explored, as well as recent views on the importance of virtue ethics (Rachels) and an ethic influenced by feminist concerns (Held). In the third part, Contemporary Moral Problems, the readings present the current debates over abortion, euthanasia, famine relief, animal rights, the death penalty, and whether numbers should play a role in making moral decisions.

The third edition expands Part II, Modern Ethical Theory, adding essays by Onora O'Neill, Ruth Barcan Marcus, Allan Gibbard, Nicholas L. Sturgeon, and Martha Nussbaum. Part III, Contemporary Moral Problems, features new essays on abortion by Mary Anne Warren, Don Marquis, and Rosalind Hursthouse; an essay on the death penalty by Stephen Nathanson; and a debate between John M. Taurek and Derek Parfit on when and why one should save from harm a greater rather than a lesser number of people. The book concludes with an essay by Judith Jarvis Thomson on the trolley problem. Wherever possible, each reading is printed in its entirety.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780195178401
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date:
07/05/2005
Edition description:
REV
Pages:
896
Product dimensions:
9.20(w) x 7.30(h) x 1.60(d)

Table of Contents

Prefacexi
Introductionxiii
IHistorical Sources
Introduction1
1Plato5
Euthyphro5
Defence of Socrates16
Crito33
Phaedo (115d-118)42
Republic (selections)44
2Aristotle124
Nicomachean Ethics (selections)124
3Epicurus178
Letter to Menoeceus178
Leading Doctrines180
4Epictetus183
Enchiridion183
5Augustine195
Enchiridion on Faith, Hope, and Love (selections)195
6Thomas Aquinas202
Summa Contra Gentiles (selections)202
7Thomas Hobbes218
Leviathan (selections)218
8Joseph Butler229
Fifteen Sermons (selections)229
9David Hume244
An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals (selections)244
10Immanuel Kant270
Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals270
11Jeremy Bentham309
An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation (selections)309
12John Stuart Mill317
Utilitarianism317
13Friedrich Nietzsche352
Beyond Good and Evil (selections)352
On the Genealogy of Morals (selections)355
Twilight of the Idols (selections)358
14William James361
The Moral Philosopher and the Moral Life361
15John Dewey373
The Quest for Certainty (selections)373
16Albert Camus387
The Myth of Sisyphus (selections)387
17Jean-Paul Sartre396
Existentialism Is a Humanism396
IIModern Ethical Theory
Introduction403
18G. E. Moore413
Principia Ethica (selections)413
19H. A. Prichard419
Does Moral Philosophy Rest on a Mistake?419
20W. D. Ross429
The Right and the Good (selections)429
21A. J. Ayer439
Language, Truth, and Logic (selections)439
22C. L. Stevenson445
The Emotive Meaning of Ethical Terms445
23R. M. Hare456
Freedom and Reason (selections)456
24Kurt Baier466
The Point of View of Morality466
25G. E. M. Anscombe481
Modern Moral Philosophy481
26John Rawls493
A Theory of Justice (selections)493
27David Gauthier516
Why Contractarianism?516
28Joel Feinberg527
Psychological Egoism527
29Philippa Foot535
Morality as a System of Hypothetical Imperatives535
30Onora O'Neill541
Consistency in Action541
31Ruth Barcan Marcus558
Moral Dilemmas and Consistency558
32Richard B. Brandt568
Some Merits of One Form of Rule Utilitarianism568
33Bernard Williams585
A Critique of Utilitarianism585
34Allan Gibbard601
Moral Judgment and the Acceptance of Norms601
35Joel Feinberg614
The Nature and Value of Rights614
36Gilbert Harman625
The Nature of Morality (selections)625
37Nicholas L. Sturgeon636
Moral Explanations636
38James Rachels651
The Challenge of Cultural Relativism651
39Martha Nussbaum659
Non-Relative Virtues: An Aristotelian Approach659
40Virginia Held679
Reason, Gender, and Moral Theory679
41James Rachels695
The Ethics of Virtue695
42Susan Wolf706
Moral Saints706
43Thomas Nagel719
Moral Luck719
IIIContemporary Moral Problems
Introduction729
44Judith Jarvis Thomson733
A Defense of Abortion733
45Mary Ann Warren744
On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion744
46Don Marquis754
An Argument That Abortion Is Wrong754
47Rosalind Hursthouse765
Virtue Theory and Abortion765
48James Rachels779
Active and Passive Euthanasia779
49Philippa Foot783
Killing and Letting Die783
50Peter Singer789
Famine, Affluence, and Morality789
51John Arthur797
Famine Relief and the Ideal Moral Code797
52Tom Regan809
The Case for Animal Rights809
53Carl Cohen817
The Case for the Use of Animals in Biomedical Research817
54Ernest van den Haag824
In Defense of the Death Penalty824
55Stephen Nathanson834
An Eye for an Eye: The Morality of Punishing by Death834
56John M. Taurek844
Should the Numbers Count?844
57Derek Parfit857
Innumerate Ethics857
58Judith Jarvis Thomson866
The Trolley Problem866

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network

     

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >