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From the Publisher
As with the first edition, Utilitarian, Kantian, and Aristotelian viewpoints are all well represented here, and this second edition features updated sections throughout—including eighteen new readings—and an entirely new section on multiculturalism.
List of Sources.
Part I: The Nature of Morality: What Is Morality?
1. Morality as a Good in Itself: Plato.
2. The Emotive Theory of Morality: A. J. Ayer.
3. The New Subjectivism in Morality: Brand Blanshard.
4. How to Derive “Ought” from “Is”: John R. Searle.
5. On Not Deriving “Ought” from “Is”: Antony Flew.
6. Moral Beliefs: Philippa Foot.
7. Moral Disagreement Today and the Claims of Emotivism: Alasdair MacIntyre.
Part II: The Justification of Morality: Why Be Moral?
8. On Reason and the Emotions: David Hume.
9. The Justificatory Argument for Human Rights: Alan Gewirth.
10. The Sources of Normativity: Christine M. Korsgaard.
11. The Justification of Morality and the Behavior of Women: James P. Sterba.
12. The Rational Justification of Morality Revisited: Alan Gewirth.
13. Morality as a System of Hypothetical Imperatives: Philippa Foot.
Part III: Alternative Moral Perspectives: What Does Morality Require?
14. Utilitarianism: John Stuart Mill.
15. Against Utilitarianism: Bernard Williams.
16. Traditional Morality and Utilitarianism: Kai Nielsen.
17. The Schizophrenia of Modern Ethical Theories: Michael Stocker.
18. Alienation, Consequentialism, and the Demands of Morality: PeterRailton.
19. Duty and Categorical Rules: Immanuel Kant.
20. Kantian Ethics: Fred Feldman.
21. Kant on Dealing with Evil: Christine M. Korsgaard.
22. Liberty and Equality – A Question of Balance?: Jan Narveson.
23. Our Basic Human Right is a Right to Liberty and It Leads to Equality: James P. Sterba.
24. Welfare Liberalism: John Rawls.
25. Race and the Social Contract Tradition: Charles W. Mills.
26. The Virtuous Life: Aristotle.
27. Non-Relative Virtues: An Aristotelian Approach: Martha Nussbaum.
28. The Nature of Virtues: Alasdair MacIntyre.
29. Normative Virtue Ethics: Rosalind Hursthouse.
30. Virtue and Right: Robert N. Johnson.
31. Teleology, Aristotelian Virtue, and Right: Sean Drysdale Walsh.
32. Ancient Ethics and Modern Morality: Julia Annas.
Part IV: Challenges for Morality.
A. Feminism: How is Gender Relevant to Morality?
33. Equality for Men and Women: Musonius Rufus.
34. Moral Orientation and Moral Development: Carol Gilligan.
35. Caring Relations and Principles of Justice: Virginia Held.
36. Particular Justice and General Care: Claudia Card.
37. The Masculine Bias in Traditional Ethics and How to Correct It: James P. Sterba.
B. Environmentalism: Who is to Count in Morality?
38. Chimpanzee Justice: Frans De Waal.
39. All Animals Are Equal: Peter Singer.
40. The Ethics of Respect for Nature: Paul W. Taylor.
41. Kantians and Utilitarians and the Moral Status of Nonhuman Life: James P. Sterba.
42. The Power and Promise of Ecological Feminism: Karen J. Warren.
C. Multiculturalism: Morality From Whose Cultural Perspective?
43. A Modern Clash of Cultures: Ayaan Hirsi Ali.
44. Can Islam Liberate Women?: Madeleine Bunting.
45. Freedom and Democracy: George W. Bush.
46. Understanding the Bush Doctrine: Noam Chomsky.