Ethnic Nationalism and the Fall of Empires: Central Europe, the Middle East and Russia, 1914-23 / Edition 1

Ethnic Nationalism and the Fall of Empires: Central Europe, the Middle East and Russia, 1914-23 / Edition 1

by Aviel Roshwald
     
 

Ethnic Nationalism and the Fall of Empires is a wide-ranging comparative study of the origins of today's ethnic politics in East Central Europe, the former Russian empire and the Middle East.

Centred on the First World War Era, Ethnic Nationalism highlights the roles of historical contingency and the ordeal of total war in shaping the states and

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Overview

Ethnic Nationalism and the Fall of Empires is a wide-ranging comparative study of the origins of today's ethnic politics in East Central Europe, the former Russian empire and the Middle East.

Centred on the First World War Era, Ethnic Nationalism highlights the roles of historical contingency and the ordeal of total war in shaping the states and institutions that supplanted the great multinational empires after 1918. It explores how the fixing of new political boundaries and the complex interplay of nationalist elites and popular forces set in motion bitter ethnic conflicts and political disputes, many of which are still with us today.

Topics discussed include:

* the disintegration of the Austro-Hungarian empire
* the ethnic dimension of the Russian Revolution and Soviet state building
* Nationality issues in the late Ottoman empire
* the origins of Arab nationalism
* ethnic politics in zones of military occupation
* the construction of Czechoslovak and Yugoslav identities

Ethnic Nationalism is an invaluable survey of the origins of twentieth-century ethnic politics. It is essential reading for those interested in the politics of ethnicity and nationalism in modern European and Middle Eastern history.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780415242295
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
01/22/2001
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
288
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.70(d)

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Table of Contents

List of Maps
Acknowledgements
1Introduction1
2Ethnicity and Empire: An Historical Introduction7
The Austro-Hungarian Empire8
The Russian Empire19
The Ottoman Empire28
3On the Eve of War: The Intelligentsia as Vanguard of Nationalism34
Conflicting Nationalist Agendas in East Central Europe36
Poland36
Czechs and Slovaks42
The Dream of Yugoslav Unity46
Synopsis48
Populism, Socialism, and Nationalism in the Russian Empire49
Social Elites and Nationalist Intellectuals in the Ottoman Empire57
From Ottomanism to Turkish Nationalism57
From Ottomanism to Arab Nationalism63
4Straining the Imperial Molds, 1914-191870
War Front, Home Front, and the Politicization of Ethnicity in the Habsburg Empire71
Loyalties on the (Front) Line73
The Czech Home Front78
The South Slav Lands84
Synopsis88
The Ethnic Dimension of War and Revolution in Russia90
Nationalism and Separatism under the Provisional Government92
The Socio-Cultural Bases of Ethnic Unrest94
The Burden of War in the Middle East104
The Radicalization of Turkish Nationalism105
The Suppression of Dissent in the Arab Lands111
5New Arenas of Action: Nationalisms of Occupation and Exile, 1914-1918116
Zones of Occupation116
Poland and Lithuania116
Serbia125
The Politics of Exile128
The Czechoslovak National Council129
The Yugoslav Committee132
The Polish National Committee138
Zionism140
Synopsis145
Volunteer Legions146
The Czechoslovak Legion147
Pilsudski's First Brigade149
The Arab Revolt152
6Defining the Boundaries of the Nation, 1918-1923156
Defining Frontiers in East Central Europe157
The Political Geography of Soviet Ethnofederalism171
The Ethnic Dimension of Russian Political Collapse and Civil War171
The Soviet Ethnofederal Experiment174
Reconfiguring the Boundaries of Identity in the Middle East183
The Turkish Settlement and the Kemalist State183
European Imperialism as Framework for the Genesis of Middle Eastern Nation-States187
Statehood vs. Nationhood in the Arab World189
Sectarianism and Ethno-Regional Politics in the Framework of Arab Nationalism192
7Old Elites and Radical Challengers in the New Nation-States, 1918-1939198
Institutional Continuities and Disaffected Ethnic Groups: the Czechoslovak and Yugoslav Cases201
Czechoslovakia201
Yugoslavia204
Revolutionary Elites in Reactionary Roles: Poland and the Arab Middle East207
Poland207
Syria and Iraq211
8Conclusion218
Notes224
Index264

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