Ethnicity / Edition 1

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Although the term "ethnicity" is recent, the sense of kinship, group solidarity, and common culture to which it refers is as old as the historical record. Ethnic communities have been present in every period and on every continent, and have played an important role in all societies. The sense of a common ethnicity remains a major focus of identification for individuals even today. Ethnic community and identity are also often associated with conflict, particularly with political struggles in various parts of the world. Yet there is no essential connection between ethnicity and conflict, and in many instances, relations may in fact be peaceful and cooperative.
This Oxford Reader offers explanations for the often contentious nature of ethnicity, its worldwide effects, and the possible means for overcoming conflicts. It includes extracts by all the major contributors to debates on ethnicity, including Weber, Brass, Hechter, and Horowitz, and focuses on ethnic groups in the Middle East, the Balkans, Africa, and North America, as well as other areas.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

"Ethnicity has become the major source of social and political conflict in both developing and developed societies. A subject as multifaceted and contentious as this merits the comprehensive and judicious coverage which this reader uniquely provides. Its appearance is most welcome." --Michael Hechter, author of Internal Colonization

"More than sixty readings cover a broad range of interpretations and data, while the succinct history of the concept of ethnicity provides a key to understanding its development. The authors' introductory essay is a model of concise definition and objective evaluation of diverse viewpoints...a firm framework that readers can use to make their own evaluations of the future of ethnicity." --John Armstrong, author of Nations before Nationalism

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780192892744
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 12/26/1996
  • Series: Oxford Readers Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 472
  • Product dimensions: 8.44 (w) x 5.44 (h) x 0.99 (d)

Meet the Author

Anthony D. Smith is Professor of Sociology at the LSE. John Hutchinson is Senior Lecturer in the Faculty of Humanities at Griffith University in Brisbane, where he teaches modern European history. Together they have edited the Oxford Reader on Nationalism (1994) which continues to be hugely successful.

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Table of Contents

List of Maps
Introduction 3
1 Ethnicity and Minority Groups 17
2 History and Ethnicity 18
3 The Core Elements of Ethnicity 24
4 Ethnicity, Race, Class and Nation 28
5 The Origins of Ethnic Groups 35
6 Primordial Ties 40
7 The Poverty of Primordialism 45
8 The Inexpungeable Tie of Primordiality 51
9 Does Race Matter? 57
10 Ethnicity as Being, Doing and Knowing 63
11 Beyond Reason: The Nature of the Ethnonational Bond 69
12 Ethnic Groups and Boundaries 75
13 Ethnicity and Politics 83
14 Ethnic Groups and Ethnic Identity Formation 85
15 Ethnicity and Rational Choice Theory 90
16 The Actor's Model of Ethnic Relations 98
17 Pre-modern Polyethnicity and Ethnic Homogeneity 107
18 The Ancient Greeks and their Nation 111
19 The Cultural Roots of Modern Japan 116
20 Archetypal Diasporas 120
21 Language and Ethnicity in Medieval Europe 127
22 Beyond the Melting Pot 135
23 Ethnicity and Social Change 138
24 Symbolic Ethnicity 146
25 The Making of Black Identities 155
26 The New Ethnicities 161
27 Fictive Ethnicity and Ideal Nation 164
28 Civic and Ethnic Nations in France and Germany 168
29 Old Tribes and Imposed Nation-States in the Middle East 174
30 Middlemen Minorities 179
31 Chosen Peoples 189
32 Religion and Ethnicity 197
33 Orthodoxy and Nationalism 202
34 Ethnic and Political Nations in Europe 209
35 Diaspora and Language 221
36 Symbolic Ethnicity and Language 227
37 The Creation of Ethnicity in South Africa 229
38 The Plural Society 238
39 Multiculturalism in Europe 241
40 The Idea of 'Race' in Modern China 245
41 Pan-Africanism and European Imperialism 254
42 The Aryan Myth and Biblical Universalism 259
43 Genocide and the Plural Society 262
44 The Armenian Genocide and the Holocaust 270
45 Internal Colonialism 278
46 Ethnic Soldiers 282
47 Symbolic Politics and Ethnic Status 285
48 Indigenous Peoples and the State in Latin America 291
49 Ethnicity and Politics in Pakistan: The Baluch Case 294
50 The Politics of Ethnicity in India 301
51 Ethnicity, Nationalism and Democracy in South-East Asia 305
52 Women, Ethnicity, and Nationalism 311
53 Diasporas and International Relations 316
54 Self-Determination as an International Issue 321
55 Conflict-Regulation in Deeply Divided Societies 326
56 Eliminating and Managing Ethnic Differences 333
57 Post-Soviet Ethnic Conflict and International Politics 341
58 From Ethnic to Civic Nationalism: English Canada and Quebec 348
59 Ethnic Nationalism in the Late Twentieth Century 355
60 Australia: Multi-Ethnic Community Without Nationalism? 358
61 The Post-Modern Revival of Ethnicity 367
62 Globalization and Ethno-Cultural Differences 370
63 Ethnicity and Multiculturalism in Immigrant Societies 374
Notes 378
Select Bibliography 423
Biographical Notes 430
Source Acknowledgements 439
Index 443
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