Ethnicity, Markets, and Migration in the Andes: At the Crossroads of History and Anthropology

Ethnicity, Markets, and Migration in the Andes: At the Crossroads of History and Anthropology

by Brooke Larson
     
 


Until now, Andean peasants have primarily been thought of by scholars as isolated subsistence farmers, "resistant" to money and to different markets in the region. Ethnicity, Markets, and Migration in the Andes overturns this widely held assumption and puts in its place a new perspective as it explores the dynamic between Andean cultural, social,See more details below

Overview


Until now, Andean peasants have primarily been thought of by scholars as isolated subsistence farmers, "resistant" to money and to different markets in the region. Ethnicity, Markets, and Migration in the Andes overturns this widely held assumption and puts in its place a new perspective as it explores the dynamic between Andean cultural, social, and economic practices and the market forces of a colonial and postcolonial mercantile economy.
Bringing together the work of outstanding scholars in Andean history, anthropology, and ethnohistory, these pioneering essays show how, from the very earliest period of Spanish rule, Andean peasants and their rulers embraced the new economic opportunities and challenged or subverted the new structures introduced by the colonial administration. They also convincingly explain why in the twentieth century the mistaken idea developed that Andean peasants were conservative and unable to participate effectively in different markets, and reveal how closely ethnic inequalities were tied to evolving market relations. Inviting a critical reconsideration of ethnic, class, and gender issues in the context of rural Andean markets, this book will revise the prevailing view of Andean history and provide a more fully informed picture of the complex mercantile activities of Andean peasants.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780822316336
Publisher:
Duke University Press Books
Publication date:
09/26/1995
Pages:
440
Lexile:
1590L (what's this?)

Table of Contents

List of Maps
Acknowledgments1
IIntroduction3
1Andean Communities, Political Cultures, and Markets: The Changing Contours of a Field5
IIFrom Inca to Spanish Rule: The Making of Indians and Markets55
2Did Tribute and Markets Prevail in the Andes before the European Invasion?57
3The Variety and Ambiguity of Native Andean Intervention in European Colonial Markets73
4Exchange in the Ethnic Territories between 1530 and 1567: The Visitas of Huanuco and Chucuito101
5Exchange and Markets in the Sixteenth Century: A View from the North135
IIIAndean Tribute, Migration, and Trade: Remapping the Boundaries of Ethnicity and Exchange165
6Indian Migration and Social Change in Seventeenth-Century Charcas167
7Indians in Late Colonial Markets: Sources and Numbers196
8Markets, Power, and the Politics of Exchange in Tapacari, c. 1780 and 1980224
IVNegotiating the Meanings of Market Exchange: Community and Hierarchy in Three Andean Contexts257
9Ethnic Calendars and Market Interventions among the Ayllus of Lipes during the Nineteenth Century259
10The Sources and Meanings of Money: Beyond the Market Paradigm in an Ayllu of Northern Potosi297
11"Women Are More Indian": Ethnicity and Gender in a Community near Cuzco329
VConclusion349
12Ethnic Identity and Market Relations: Indians and Mestizos in the Andes351
Glossary391
Selected Bibliography397
Contributors419
Index421

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