Ethnicity, Markets, and Migration in the Andes: At the Crossroads of History and Anthropology

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Until now, Andean peasants have primarily been thought of by scholars as isolated subsistence farmers, "resistant" to money and to different markets in the region. Ethnicity, Markets, and Migration in the Andes overturns this widely held assumption and puts in its place a new perspective as it explores the dynamic between Andean cultural, social, and economic practices and the market forces of a colonial and postcolonial mercantile economy.
Bringing together the work of outstanding scholars in Andean history, anthropology, and ethnohistory, these pioneering essays show how, from the very earliest period of Spanish rule, Andean peasants and their rulers embraced the new economic opportunities and challenged or subverted the new structures introduced by the colonial administration. They also convincingly explain why in the twentieth century the mistaken idea developed that Andean peasants were conservative and unable to participate effectively in different markets, and reveal how closely ethnic inequalities were tied to evolving market relations. Inviting a critical reconsideration of ethnic, class, and gender issues in the context of rural Andean markets, this book will revise the prevailing view of Andean history and provide a more fully informed picture of the complex mercantile activities of Andean peasants.

"Major compilation of historical and anthropological articles focuses on the nature of markets and exchange structures in the Andes. Prominent scholars explore Andean participation in the European market structure, the influence of migration in changing ethnic boundaries and spheres of exchange, and the politics of market exchange during the colonial period. Larson's introduction places articles within the context of Andean economic systems, while Harris concludes with an appreciation of the relationships between mestizo and indigenous ethnic identities in the context of market relations. Both introduction and conclusion lend a greater coherence to this carefully-crafted and monumental volume"--Handbook of Latin American Studies, v. 57.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

" A fundamental challenge to established stereotypes of the Andean economy, this book will lead to a rethinking of received ideas. Including work by many of the leading scholars in the field, it will be obligatory reading for those interested in indigenous history and anthropology. It offers a different perspective on the economy by focusing on the indigenous population, and demonstrates conclusively how the Indians succeeded in linking their complex traditional systems with the new opportunities offered by expanded markets."—Nathan Wachtel, College de France

"This is an impressive collection of essays [and] a fundamental reference book in Andean studies."—Walter Mignolo, Duke University

Mary J. Weismantel
This is a satisfyingly hefty tome, full of scholarly delights. Every article is the result of serious research, whether in modern communities or colonial archives; no one, however conversant with Andean studies, could read it without discovering facts previously unknown. The book overall is remarkably successful, in large part because the ambitious time span-from just before the conquest to the present-is balanced by a narrow topical focus and the close correspondence of theoretical and methodological approaches among the various authors. It is rare indeed to find an edited volume in which the articles work so well together; yet the result is not bland homogeneity but a lively discussion among a group of like-minded but independent scholars-as though one were listening in on the 'series of conversations in a favorite London pub' said to have been the book's genesis.
Journal of Social History
Colonial Latin American Historical Review
[T]his important work undoubtedly will become a standard reference source for Andean specialists. Its thoroughly documented and provocative essays, as well as extensive annotations and bibliography, detail historiographical trends and issues. In addition, most of the essays direct researchers to new areas for investigating Andean social and cultural development.
American Anthropologist
Well-written and scholarly, the essays in this collection focus on cultures of the southern Andes in Latin America. The authors are historians and anthropologists, but all transgress the boundaries of their disciplines. . . . [T]he essays range across time from the conquest until today; cover ethnic relations, migration, and gender; attend to power, politics, and takes; and explore nonmarket exchanges as well as cultural constructions of production and ecology.
Nils Jacobsen
[I]nsightful and well-crafted essays. . . . [T]his volume offers an excellent way of accessing many of the crucial issues debated about Andean markets and exchange during the past quarter century.
Journal of Social History
Journal of Interdisciplinary History
[T]he essays in this fine collection raise fundamental questions about the socio-economic evolution of Andean societies, which should interest a broad readership of scholars and students alike interested in peasant studies.
This collection is an important contribution to Andean ethnohistory. . . . Highly recommended.
British Bulletin of Publications
This book focuses on Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia in a series of essays by a number of renowned authorities in the field of Andean studies. There are outstandingly good, interesting and clearly written essays by John Murran and two by Olivia Harris which challenge many of the stereotypical ways of looking at Andean man and his world. . . . Recommended reading and a good textbook for social anthropologists and economists, made even more useful by the copious notes and generous bibliography.
Latin American Research Review
The value of the collection is that it covers the most salient and current interpretations of the available social data. . . on the evolution of Andean traditional socioeconomic customs and their interaction with the initial market mechanisms introduced by Spaniards.
Jour of Intl Law and Com
[T]he chapters in this collection are well written and very insightful. Thus, this volume will long serve as an invaluable reference tool, not only for Andeanists but for other Latin Americanists as well as anthropologists and historians who are working in other areas of the world and have strong political-economic inclination.
Hispanic American Historical Review
[A] major contribution to the ongoing debate about the relationship between tradition and change over a long period of time.
H-Net Book Reviews
[W]orth reading as an introduction to the study of indigenous involvement in market economies in one Latin American region. It contains insights and methodological approaches that could be applied to the study of rural history in other Latin American regions.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780822316336
  • Publisher: Duke University Press Books
  • Publication date: 9/26/1995
  • Pages: 440
  • Lexile: 1590L (what's this?)

Meet the Author

Brooke Larson is Associate Professor of History and Director of the Latin American and Caribbean Center at the State University of New York, Stony Brook.

Olivia Harris is Senior Lecturer and Chair of the Anthropology Department at Goldsmith’s College, London.

Enrique Tandeter is Chair of the Department of History at the University of Buenos Aires and an Associate at the Center for the Study of State and Society in Buenos Aires.

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Table of Contents

List of Maps
Acknowledgments 1
I Introduction 3
1 Andean Communities, Political Cultures, and Markets: The Changing Contours of a Field 5
II From Inca to Spanish Rule: The Making of Indians and Markets 55
2 Did Tribute and Markets Prevail in the Andes before the European Invasion? 57
3 The Variety and Ambiguity of Native Andean Intervention in European Colonial Markets 73
4 Exchange in the Ethnic Territories between 1530 and 1567: The Visitas of Huanuco and Chucuito 101
5 Exchange and Markets in the Sixteenth Century: A View from the North 135
III Andean Tribute, Migration, and Trade: Remapping the Boundaries of Ethnicity and Exchange 165
6 Indian Migration and Social Change in Seventeenth-Century Charcas 167
7 Indians in Late Colonial Markets: Sources and Numbers 196
8 Markets, Power, and the Politics of Exchange in Tapacari, c. 1780 and 1980 224
IV Negotiating the Meanings of Market Exchange: Community and Hierarchy in Three Andean Contexts 257
9 Ethnic Calendars and Market Interventions among the Ayllus of Lipes during the Nineteenth Century 259
10 The Sources and Meanings of Money: Beyond the Market Paradigm in an Ayllu of Northern Potosi 297
11 "Women Are More Indian": Ethnicity and Gender in a Community near Cuzco 329
V Conclusion 349
12 Ethnic Identity and Market Relations: Indians and Mestizos in the Andes 351
Glossary 391
Selected Bibliography 397
Contributors 419
Index 421
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