Ethnicity / Edition 1

Ethnicity / Edition 1

by Steve Fenton
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0847695298

ISBN-13: 9780847695294

Pub. Date: 01/28/1999

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.

This book takes the reader through key analytical debates drawing on a range of case study material from around the globe, including: Britain and migration; America as a post-slavery society; Hawai'i as a land dispossession society; and Malaysia as a 'plural' post-colonial society. In doing so, it addresses the question of whether there is a universal

Overview

This book takes the reader through key analytical debates drawing on a range of case study material from around the globe, including: Britain and migration; America as a post-slavery society; Hawai'i as a land dispossession society; and Malaysia as a 'plural' post-colonial society. In doing so, it addresses the question of whether there is a universal resurgence of ethnicity and coolly addresses competing theories of ethnicity and racism. Providing the reader with a clear conceptual frame within which to see long-standing debates afresh, it will be of relevance and value to both students in a range of social sciences and to specialists in the field.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780847695294
Publisher:
Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
Publication date:
01/28/1999
Series:
New Social Formations Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
274
Product dimensions:
0.58(w) x 8.50(h) x 5.50(d)

Table of Contents

Preface to the First Edition ix

Preface to the Second Edition xi

First Edition Acknowledgements xiii

Second Edition Acknowledgements xiv

Introduction 1

The ontological status of the term 'ethnicity' 2

An example of groups and names 4

Fixed categories and diffuse identities 4

Do people act by reference to their ethnic identity? 6

Ethnic cleansing or racial segregation? 7

1 Ethnos: Descent and Culture Communities 12

Shared references 13

Stock, type, people, breed 15

Nation 16

Race 17

The demise of race 18

Culture and ethnicity are not the same 19

Defining the core and the divergences 22

Summary 23

2 Multiple Discourses of Ethnicity: Differences by Country and Region 24

The USA 25

Immigration to the USA 27

Changes of the late twentieth century 30

Ethnicity and changing ideas of race 30

Where have all the races gone? The case of the UK 36

Discourse of races in postcolonial Malaysia 38

Asia and Latin America 44

Ethnic classification across the world 47

Summary: ethnicity and nation in their place 49

3 The Demise of Race: The Emergence of 'Ethnic' 51

Ethnic group (ethnie) and nation 52

The demise of race 53

Scholarly, popular and political ideas 54

Lloyd Warner American ethnic groups 57

The scholarly tradition: Max Weber and ethnic groups 60

Anthropology and social anthropology 63

Real groups 65

Summary 69

4 The Primordialism Debate 71

Primordialism 71

'Primordial' as a sociological concept 74

Edward Shils and primordial, personal, sacred and civil ties 75

Clifford Geertz and the integrative revolution 78

After Geertz 81

Judith Nagata and mobilized identities 82

Summary: primordial ethnic groups 86

5 How Real are Groups? Political Ethnicity, Symbolic Ethnicity and Competition Theory 88

Cultures and boundaries 89

Competition theory 92

Class as a complicating factor in ethnic competition analysis; ethnicity as a complicating factor in class analysis 106

Critiques of groupism 110

Summary 112

6 Migration and Ethnicity 115

Forced migrations 115

Migrants and plural societies 116

World migration 117

Internal migrants 119

Professional migrations 120

Undocumented workers 122

Migration, gender and family 123

Questions of integration and citizenship 124

The case of the USA: migration and ethnicity in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries 126

America's growing Hispanic population 127

Hispanics and Mexican Americans: social profiles 128

Likely futures for new migrants and their families and for American ethnicities 130

The renewed debate about the concept of assimilation 132

Occupational structure: the hourglass labour market 135

Summary: the opposing views 137

7 Social Conditions of Ethnicity: Global Economy and Precarious States 139

Theorizing the conditions of ethnic action 139

Features of the contemporary world 140

Postcolonial economic conditions 143

William Julius Wilson and The disappearance of work 144

Economic change and Hispanic migration into the USA 146

Precarious, factionalized, democratizing states: unstable geopolitical conditions 152

Ethnic conflict, violence, insecurity and the state 156

Ethnicity and geopolitics 161

Post-Soviet Russia 164

Summary 167

8 Ethnic Majorities and Nationalism in Europe: Globalization and Right-Wing Movements 169

The nation 169

Nation, class and resentment 171

Nation and majority 174

Class, welfare, the state and immigrants 175

Right-wing movements in Europe 177

Multiculturalism and identity politics 181

Summary: reflections on nation, resentment and identity 184

9 Ethnicity and the Modern World: General Conclusions 187

A theory of ethnicity? 187

Ethnicity as theory 188

Sociology of ethnicity: identity and action in context 190

Late capitalism and the modern social world 191

The contradictions of late capitalist modernity 193

Individualism 195

Two worlds - the liberal and the authoritarian 195

Four principal problematics 196

Modernity and ethnicity 198

Ethnicity in its place 199

Bibliography 204

Index 221

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