Ethnobotany: A Methods Manual / Edition 1

Ethnobotany: A Methods Manual / Edition 1

by Gary J. Martin
     
 

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ISBN-10: 1844070840

ISBN-13: 9781844070848

Pub. Date: 02/28/2004

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Ethnobotany, the study of the classification, use and management of plants by people, draws on a range of disciplines, including natural and social sciences, to show how conservation of plants and of local knowledge about them can be achieved. Ethnobotany is critical to the growing importance of developing new crops and products such as drugs from traditional

Overview

Ethnobotany, the study of the classification, use and management of plants by people, draws on a range of disciplines, including natural and social sciences, to show how conservation of plants and of local knowledge about them can be achieved. Ethnobotany is critical to the growing importance of developing new crops and products such as drugs from traditional plants.

This book is the basic introduction to the field, showing how botany, anthropology, ecology, economics and linguistics are all employed in the techniques and methods involved. It explains data collection and hypothesis testing and provides practical ideas on fieldwork ethics and the application of results to conservation and community development. Case studies illustrate the explanations, demonstrating the importance of collaboration in achieving results.

Published with WWF, UNESCO and Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781844070848
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
02/28/2004
Series:
People and Plants International Conservation Series
Edition description:
1
Pages:
296
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents

The 'People and Plants' Initiativex
International Panel of Advisersxii
Internal Panel of Advisersxiv
Forewordxvi
Prefacexvii
Introductionxx
1Data collection and hypothesis testing1
1.1Choosing an approach2
1.2Six disciplines which contribute to an ethnobotanical study3
1.3Rapid ethnobotanical appraisal3
1.4Planning a long-term project7
1.5Describing the field site8
1.6Ethnobotanical data10
1.7Visual aids18
1.8The law of diminishing returns19
1.9Hypothesis testing and theory23
2Botany27
2.1Collecting and identifying plants28
2.2Preparing an ethnobotanical reference collection59
2.3Herbaria and the curation of plant specimens59
2.4Judging the completeness of a plant survey61
3Ethnopharmacology and related fields67
3.1Proceeding with a phytochemical analysis68
3.2Screening77
3.3Collecting plants for phytochemical analysis81
3.4The ethics of searching for new plant products89
3.5Bringing phytochemistry back home91
4Anthropology95
4.1Talking with local people96
4.2Searching for ethnobotanical information in folklore112
4.3Surveys and analytical tools116
5Ecology137
5.1Describing microenvironments and quantifying their plant resources138
5.2Qualitative approaches138
5.3Bridging the gap between qualitative and quantitative approaches155
5.4Quantitative approaches155
6Economics171
6.1Economics and ethnobotany172
6.2The value of the environment172
6.3The value of forest products173
6.4Surveys of community and household economy183
6.5Local markets191
7Linguistics201
7.1Learning a local language202
7.2Collaborating with linguists202
7.3Where there is no linguist203
7.4Transcribing the local language204
7.5Linguistic analysis in ethnobotany205
7.6Free listing213
7.7Systematic surveys of local plant knowledge215
7.8Categories of ethnobiological classification215
7.9The correspondence between folk and scientific classification218
8Ethnobotany, conservation and community development223
8.1Applying traditional ecological knowledge224
8.2Ethnobotanical research and community development224
8.3Forests225
8.4Conservation of wild crop relatives and endangered useful plants228
8.5Education231
8.6Use of protected areas234
8.7The local perspective on ethnobotanical research239
8.8The path ahead251
References253
Further reading261
Index263

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