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Ethnopsychiatry: The Cultural Construction of Professional and Folk Psychiatries
     

Ethnopsychiatry: The Cultural Construction of Professional and Folk Psychiatries

by Atwood D. Gaines
 

ISBN-10: 0791410226

ISBN-13: 9780791410226

Pub. Date: 08/17/1992

Publisher: State University of New York Press

This book outlines a “new ethnopsychiatry,” one that considers popular or folk ethnomedicines and professional psychiatric systems in the same discourse, effacing the traditional distinction between psychiatry and ethnopsychiatry. The essays in this volume are from a diverse, interdisciplinary group representing history, psychology, sociology, and

Overview

This book outlines a “new ethnopsychiatry,” one that considers popular or folk ethnomedicines and professional psychiatric systems in the same discourse, effacing the traditional distinction between psychiatry and ethnopsychiatry. The essays in this volume are from a diverse, interdisciplinary group representing history, psychology, sociology, and medicine, as well as anthropology. The author view both ethnomedical practices and illness as local cultural constructions. They consider ideologies and institutions from both professional and popular ethnopsychiatric systems in America, Western Europe, South Africa, the Caribbean, Japan, and India.

The book demonstrates that professional and popular psychiatric medicines lie along the same local cultural continua, that professional, “scientific” psychiatries and less formalized systems of local popular psychology are epistemological relatives, aspects of common cultural discourses on normality and abnormality. The essays reject the notion of a universal, uniform reality of psychopathology beyond cultural boundaries, but the data strongly support the cultural and historically constructed nature of ethnopsychiatry, in its illness, ideologies, and institutions.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780791410226
Publisher:
State University of New York Press
Publication date:
08/17/1992
Series:
SUNY series in Medical Anthropology Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
506
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.17(d)

Table of Contents

Preface

Section I - Orientations

1. Ethnopsychiatry: The Cultural Construction of Psychiatries
Atwood D. Gaines

2. The Subject of Power in Medical/Psychiatric Anthropology
Lorna Amarasingham Rhodes

Section II - Illness, Experience, and the Problems of Ethnopsychiatric Knowledge

3. Notes on a Defrocked Priest: Comparing South Indian Shamanic and American Psychiatric Diagnosis
Charles W. Nuckolls

4. Unintended Therapy: Psychotherapeutic Aspects of Chiropractic
Kathryn S. Oths

5. The Affliction of Martin: Religious, Clinical, and Phenomenological Meaning in a Case of Demonic Oppression
Thomas J. Csordas

6. Medical/Psychiatric Knowledge in France and the United States: Culture and Sickness in History and Biology
Atwood D. Gaines

7. Too Close for Comfort: Schizophrenia and Emotional Overinvolvement Among Mexicano Families
Janis Hunter Jenkins

Section III - Professional Ethnopsychiatric Ideologies and Institutions

8. Professional Ethnopsychiatry in South Africa: The Questin of Relativism
Leslie Swartz

9. The Birth of the Klinik: A Cultural History of Haitian Professional Psychiatry
Paul Farmer

10. Psychiatrist and Patient in Japan: An Analysis of Interactions in an Outpatient Clinic
Naoki Nomura

11. Attendants and Their World of Work
Ellen Dwyer

12. Psychiatric Institutions: Rules and the Accommodation of Structure and Autonomy in France and the United States
Helena Jia Hershel

13. The Rise of Greek Professional Ethnopsychiatry
Amy V. Blue

14. Conflicts of Cultures in a State Mental Hospital System
Pearl Katz

15. Georg Groddeck's Integrative Massage and Psychotherapy Treatment in Germany
Thomas W. Maretzki

Section IV - Sources and Resources

16. The Ethnopsychiatric Repertoire: A Review and Overview of Ethnopsychiatric Studies
Amy V. Blue and Atwood D. Gaines

List of Contributors

Name Index

Subject Index

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