Euclid's Phaenomena by J. L. Berggren, Thomas Robert S. D. | | 9780821840726 | Paperback | Barnes & Noble
Euclid's Phaenomena

Euclid's Phaenomena

by J. L. Berggren, Thomas Robert S. D.
     
 

ISBN-10: 082184072X

ISBN-13: 9780821840726

Pub. Date: 06/28/2006

Publisher: American Mathematical Society

The book contains a translation and study of Euclid's Phaenomena, a work which once formed part of the mathematical training of astronomers from Central Asia to Western Europe. Included is an introduction that sets Euclid's geometry of the celestial sphere, and its application to the astronomy of his day, into its historical context for readers not already familiar

Overview

The book contains a translation and study of Euclid's Phaenomena, a work which once formed part of the mathematical training of astronomers from Central Asia to Western Europe. Included is an introduction that sets Euclid's geometry of the celestial sphere, and its application to the astronomy of his day, into its historical context for readers not already familiar with it. So no knowledge of astronomy or advanced mathematics is necessary for an understanding of the work. The book shows mathematical astronomy shortly before the invention of trigonometry, which allowed the calculation of exact results and the subsequent composition of Ptolemy's Almagest. The Phaenomena itself begins with an introduction (possibly not by Euclid) followed by eighteen propositions set out in geometrical style about how arcs of the zodiacal circle move across the sky. The astronomical application is to the small arc of that circle occupied by the Sun, but the Sun is not mentioned. This work and the (roughly) contemporaneous treatises of Autolycus and Aristarchos form a corpus of the oldest extant works on mathematical astronomy. Together with Euclid's Optics one has the beginnings of the history of science as an application of mathematics.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780821840726
Publisher:
American Mathematical Society
Publication date:
06/28/2006
Series:
History of Mathematics Series, #29
Pages:
132
Product dimensions:
6.80(w) x 9.90(h) x 0.40(d)

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