Euripides I: Alcestis, Medea, The Children of Heracles, Hippolytus

Overview

In this edition, there are new translations by David Grene of Oedipus at Colonus and Antigone; they join his version of Oedipus the King to bring a new unity of tone to Sophocles' Theban plays. Grene has also revised his translation of Prometheus Bound, rendering in verse some of the former prose sections. The remaining plays are the original translations. There are introductions by Richmond Lattimore to playwright, and by David Grene to Sophocles' three Theban plays; brief critical commentaries precede other ...
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Euripides I: Alcestis, Medea, The Children of Heracles, Hippolytus

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Overview

In this edition, there are new translations by David Grene of Oedipus at Colonus and Antigone; they join his version of Oedipus the King to bring a new unity of tone to Sophocles' Theban plays. Grene has also revised his translation of Prometheus Bound, rendering in verse some of the former prose sections. The remaining plays are the original translations. There are introductions by Richmond Lattimore to playwright, and by David Grene to Sophocles' three Theban plays; brief critical commentaries precede other plays as well.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780226308807
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • Publication date: 4/22/2013
  • Series: The Complete Greek Tragedies Series
  • Edition description: Third Edition
  • Edition number: 3
  • Pages: 288
  • Sales rank: 148,683
  • Product dimensions: 5.40 (w) x 8.40 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Meet the Author


Mark Griffith isa professor of classics and of theater, dance, and performance studies at the University of California, Berkeley. He lives in Albany, CA.  Trained at Cambridge, Griffith is an enormously accomplished expert on the Greek Tragedies. Glenn W. Most studied at Harvard, Oxford, and Yale and is currently professor of ancient Greek at the Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa, and a visiting member of the Committe on Social Thought at the University of Chicago.  He divides his time between Pisa, Florence, and Chicago. Richmond Lattimore (1906–1984) was a poet, translator, and longtime professor of Greek at Bryn Mawr College. David Grene (1913–2002) taught classics for many years at the University of Chicago. He was a founding member of the Committee on Social Thought.
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Read an Excerpt

EURIPIDES I


By David Grene, Richmond Lattimore

The University of Chicago Press

Copyright © 2013The University of Chicago
All rights reserved.
ISBN: 978-0-226-30879-1


Excerpt

CHAPTER 1

ALCESTIS


Characters APOLLO

DEATH

CHORUS of citizens of Pherae

MAID, attendant of Alcestis

ALCESTIS, wife of Admetus

ADMETUS OF PHERAE, king of Thessaly

BOY,° son of Admetus and Alcestis

HERACLES, friend of Admetus

PHERES, father of Admetus

SERVANT of Admetus


Scene: Pherae, in Thessaly, in front of the house of Admetus

(Enter Apollo from the house, armed with a bow.)


APOLLO

House of Admetus, in which I, god though I am, had patience to accept the table of the serfs! Zeus was the cause. Zeus killed my son, Asclepius, and drove the bolt of the hot lightning through his chest. I, in my anger for this, killed the Cyclopes, smiths of Zeus's fire, for which my father made me serve a mortal man, in penance for what I did. I came to this country, tended the oxen of this host and friend, Admetus, son of Pheres, and have kept his house from danger until this very day. For I, who know what's right, have found in him a man who knows what's right, and so I saved him from dying, tricking the Fates. The goddesses promised me Admetus would escape the moment of his death by giving the lower powers someone else to die instead of him. He tried his loved ones all in turn, father and aged mother who had given him birth,° and found not one, except his wife, who would consent to die for him, and not see daylight any more. She is in the house now, gathered in his arms and held at the breaking point of life, because destiny marks this for her day of death and taking leave of life. The stain of death in the house must not be on me. I step therefore from these chambers dearest to my love. And here is Death himself, I see him coming, Death who dedicates the dying, who will lead her down to the house of Hades. He has come on time. He has been watching for this day on which her death falls due.

(Enter Death from the side, armed with a sword.)

DEATH [chanting] Ah! You at this house, Phoebus? Why do you haunt the place? It is unfair to take for your own and spoil the death-spirits' privileges. Was it not enough, then, that you blocked the death of Admetus, and overthrew the Fates by a shabby wrestler's trick? And now your bow hand is armed to guard her too, Alcestis, Pelias' daughter, though she promised her life for her husband's.

APOLLO

Never fear. I have nothing but justice and fair words for you.

DEATH [now speaking]

If you mean fairly, what are you doing with a bow?

APOLLO

It is my custom to carry it with me all the time.

DEATH

It is your custom to help this house more than you ought.

APOLLO

But he is my friend, and his misfortunes trouble me.

DEATH

You mean to take her corpse, too, away from me?

APOLLO

I never took his body away from you by force.

DEATH

How is it, then, that he is above ground, not below?

APOLLO

He gave his wife instead, and you have come for her now.

DEATH

I have. And I shall take her down where the dead are.

APOLLO

Take her and go. I am not sure you will listen to me.

DEATH

Tell me to kill whom I must kill. Such are my orders.

APOLLO

No, only to put their death off. They must die in the end.

DEATH

I understand what you would say and what you want.

APOLLO

Is there any way, then, for Alcestis to grow old?

DEATH

There is not. I insist on enjoying my rights too.

APOLLO

You would not take more than one life, in any case.

DEATH

My privilege means more to me when they die young.

APOLLO

If she dies old, she will have a lavish burial.

DEATH

What you propose, Phoebus, is to favor the rich.

APOLLO

What is this? Have you unrecognized talents for debate?

DEATH

Those who could afford to buy a late death would buy it then.

APOLLO

I see. Are you determined not to do this favor for me?

DEATH

I will not do it. And you know my character.

APOLLO

I know it: hateful to mankind, loathed by the gods.

DEATH

You cannot always have your way where you should not.

APOLLO

For all your brute ferocity you shall be stopped. The man to do it is on the way to Pheres' house now, on an errand from Eurystheus, sent to steal a team of horses from the wintry lands of Thrace. He shall be entertained here in Admetus' house and he shall take the woman away from you by force, nor will you have our gratitude, but you shall still be forced to do it, and to have my hate beside.

DEATH

Much talk. Talking will win you nothing. All the same, the woman will go with me to Hades' house. I go to her now, to dedicate her with my sword, for all whose hair is cut in consecration by this blade's edge are devoted to the gods below.

(Exit Death into the house, Apollo to the side. Enter the Chorus.)

CHORUS° [chanting]

It is quiet by the palace. What does it mean? Why is the house of Admetus so still? Is there none here of his family, none who can tell us whether the queen is dead and therefore to be mourned? Or does Pelias' daughter Alcestis live still, still look on daylight, she who in my mind appears noble beyond all women beside in a wife's duty? [singing individually, not as a group]

FIRST CITIZEN

STROPHE A

Does someone hear anything? a groan or a hand's stroke or outcry in the house, as if something were done and over?

SECOND CITIZEN

No. And there is no servant stationed at the outer gates. O Paean, 90 healer, might you show in light to still the storm of disaster.

THIRD CITIZEN

They would not be silent if she were dead.

FOURTH CITIZEN

No, she is gone.°

FIFTH CITIZEN

They have not taken her yet from the house.

SIXTH CITIZEN

So sure? I know nothing. Why are you certain? And how could Admetus have buried his wife with none by, and she so splendid?

SEVENTH CITIZEN

ANTISTROPHE A

Here at the gates I do not see the lustral spring water, approved by custom for a house of death.

EIGHTH CITIZEN

Nor are there cut locks of hair at the forecourts hanging, such as the stroke of sorrow for the dead makes. I can hear no beating of the hands of young women.

NINTH CITIZEN

Yet this is the day appointed.

TENTH CITIZEN

What do you mean? Speak.

NINTH CITIZEN

On which she must pass to the world below.

ELEVENTH CITIZEN

You touch me deep, my heart, my mind.

TWELFTH CITIZEN

Yes. He who from the first has claimed to be called a good man himself must grieve when good men are afflicted.

[all singing together]

STROPHE B

Sailing the long sea, there is not any shrine on earth you could visit, not Lycia, not the unwatered sanctuary of Ammon, to redeem the life of this unhappy woman. Her fate shows steep and near. There is no god's hearth I know you could reach and by sacrifice avail to save.

ANTISTROPHE B

There was only one. If the eyes of Phoebus' son Asclepius could have seen this light, if he could have come and left the dark chambers, the gates of Hades.
(Continues...)


Excerpted from EURIPIDES I by David Grene. Copyright © 2013 by The University of Chicago. Excerpted by permission of The University of Chicago Press.
All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.
Excerpts are provided by Dial-A-Book Inc. solely for the personal use of visitors to this web site.

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Table of Contents

Editors’ Preface to the Third Edition

Introduction to Euripides

How the Plays Were Originally Staged

 

Alcestis

Medea

The Children of Heracles

Hippolytus

Textual Notes

Glossary

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