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European Democracies / Edition 6
     

European Democracies / Edition 6

by Markus Crepaz
 

ISBN-10: 0205642578

ISBN-13: 9780205642571

Pub. Date: 05/28/2008

Publisher: Longman

Organized thematically rather than country-by-country, European Democracies is an introduction to the politics and governments of Western, Central, and Eastern Europe. Considering the countries of Europe from both the “supranational” level of the European Union and the “subnational” level of regions, this text employs a comparative approach

Overview

Organized thematically rather than country-by-country, European Democracies is an introduction to the politics and governments of Western, Central, and Eastern Europe. Considering the countries of Europe from both the “supranational” level of the European Union and the “subnational” level of regions, this text employs a comparative approach to survey issues ranging from parties and policy to democratization and globalization. These issues are illustrated with in-depth examples from a variety of European countries as well as examples from politics in the United States. Throughout, noted authors and scholars Markus Crepaz and Jürg Steiner treat Europe as a single but diverse entity and ask students what European politics can teach them about politics in their own country.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780205642571
Publisher:
Longman
Publication date:
05/28/2008
Series:
MySearchLab Series 15% off Series
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
352
Product dimensions:
6.30(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

Preface ix

About the Authors xv

Chapter 1 Becoming Modern in Europe and America: Different History, Different Politics 1

How Do We Know That Europe Is Different? 1

Explaining Differences: The Impact of History, Geography, and Culture 8

Structure of the Book 13

Chapter 2 Political Parties 17

Political Parties-The "Children of Democracy" 17

Functions of Political Parties 18

Differences between Political Parties and Interest Groups 19

Socialists 20

Liberals 26

Conservatives 27

Christian Democrats 30

New Radical Right 30

Greens 36

Regional Parties 39

A Multidimensional Political Space 40

Membership in Political Parties 43

Stability and Change of Parties and Party Systems 44

Chapter 3 Parliaments: How They Are Elected and How They Work 48

Winner-Take-All: Great Britain 49

Party List Proportional Representation: The Netherlands 54

Personalized Proportional Representation: Switzerland, Ireland, and Germany 57

Switzerland 57

Ireland 59

Germany 62

Changing the Electoral System: France and Italy 64

France 64

Italy 69

Voter Turnout 75

Legislative Behavior 76

Chapter 4 Cabinet Formation and Heads of State 79

Single-Party Majority Cabinets 81

Minimal-Winning Cabinets 88

Oversized Cabinets 92

Minority Cabinets 96

Cabinet Instability 98

Semipresidential Systems 104

Advantages and Disadvantages of Parliamentary and Presidential Systems 110

Advantages and Disadvantages of Presidentialism 111

Advantages and Disadvantages of Parliamentarism 112

Heads of State 113

Monarchial Head of State 113

Elected Heads of State 115

Chapter 5 Courts 119

Great Britain 120

Switzerland 122

Germany123

France 125

Chapter 6 Federalism and Referendum 127

Switzerland: Prototypical Case of a Federalist Country with a Strong Referendum 127

European Trend toward Federalism and Referenda 132

Arguments against Federalism and Referenda 136

Chapter 7 Social Movements 139

Environmental Movement 139

Peace and Third-World Movement 141

Women's Movement 143

The Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) Movement 147

Youth Movement 149

Chapter 8 The State and Economic Interest Groups 155

The State as a Political Actor 155

Economic Interest Groups 157

Pluralism and Corporatism 160

The Theory of Corporatism 163

The Future of Corporatism 166

Chapter 9 Policy Outcomes 171

Explaining Policy Outcomes 173

Chapter 10 The End of the Cold War 191

Classical Marxism 192

Neo-Marxism 194

Communism in Central and Eastern Europe 197

Poland 199

Hungary 200

East Germany 201

Communism in Western Europe 205

Chapter 11 Transitions to Democracy 210

The Federal Republic of Germany after 1945 210

Italy after 1945 212

Spain after 1975 213

Hungary after 1989 214

Poland after 1989 218

Ukraine in 2004 222

Explanations 225

Russia 225

Chapter 12 Nationalism and Ethnicity 228

War in Former Yugoslavia 229

Northern Ireland 237

Basque Country 239

Immigration 241

Sports Events 243

More Benign Aspects 244

Chapter 13 Power Sharing in Deeply Divided Societies 249

Development of the Theory of Power Sharing 249

Critique of the Theory of Power Sharing 253

Northern Ireland 260

Former Czechoslovakia 267

Former Yugoslavia 271

Power Sharing and Deliberation 276

Normative Evaluation of Power Sharing 277

Chapter 14 The European Union 281

History of European Integration 281

Council of Ministers 285

European Council 288

European Commission 289

European Parliament 290

European Court of Justice 296

European Bureaucracy 299

What Does the European Union Do? 299

Agricultural Policy 300

Regional and Development Policy 300

Common Currency-the Euro 301

Continued Expansion: Where Does "Europe" End? 302

Turkey's EU Membership Prospects 303

A Constitution for Europe? "non" and "nee" 303

Chapter 15 Globalization and European Democracies 312

What Is Globalization? 313

How Should Globalization Be Measured? 318

The Challenges of Globalization for European Democracies 320

The Welfare State and Globalization 320

Immigration and Globalization 323

Globalization and the Fragility of Community 327

Is Globalization a Threat or an Opportunity for European Democracies? 328

Index 331

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