Europe's Angry Muslims: The Revolt of The Second Generation

Overview


Bombings in London, riots in Paris, terrorists in Germany, fury over mosques, veils and cartoons--such headlines underscore the tensions between Muslims and their European hosts. Did too much immigration, or too little integration, produce Muslim second-generation anger? Is that rage imported or spawned inside Europe itself? What do the conflicts between Muslims and their European hosts portend for an America encountering its own angry Muslims?
Europe's Angry Muslims traces ...
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Overview


Bombings in London, riots in Paris, terrorists in Germany, fury over mosques, veils and cartoons--such headlines underscore the tensions between Muslims and their European hosts. Did too much immigration, or too little integration, produce Muslim second-generation anger? Is that rage imported or spawned inside Europe itself? What do the conflicts between Muslims and their European hosts portend for an America encountering its own angry Muslims?
Europe's Angry Muslims traces the routes, expectations and destinies of immigrant parents and the plight of their children, transporting both the general reader and specialist from immigrants' ancestral villages to their strange new-fangled enclaves in Europe. It guides readers through Islamic nomenclature, chronicles the motive force of the Islamist narrative, offers them lively portraits of jihadists (a convict, a convert, and a community organizer) takes them inside radical mosques and into the minds of suicide bombers. The author interviews former radicals and security agents, examines court records and the sermons of radical imams and draws on a lifetime of personal experience with militant movements to present an account of the explosive fusion of Muslim immigration, Islamist grievance and second-generation alienation.
Robert Leiken shines an unsentimental and yet compassionate light on Islam's growing presence in the West, combining in-depth reporting with cutting-edge and far-ranging scholarship in an engaging narrative that is both moving and mordant. Leiken's nuanced and authoritative analysis--historical, sociological, theological and anthropological--warns that "conflating rioters and Islamists, folk and fundamentalist Muslims, pietists and jihadis, immigrants and their children is the method of strategic incoherence--'in the night all cats are black.'"
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Editorial Reviews

Publishers Weekly
Leiken (Why Nicaragua Vanished), director of the Immigration and National Security Program at the Center for the National Interest, explores “Muslim anger” in Britain, France, and Germany—the three European countries with the largest Muslim populations—in this extensively sourced and robustly argued treatise. Adopting a comparative approach, the author explores how rage has “played itself out” differently in different countries: riots in France, bombings in Britain. Leiken notes that “extremism in Europe is typically found not among migrants but among their children” and that radicalization has its roots most firmly in the “downward mobility” of the second generation. Leiken wisely includes case studies of individual mujahideen in each country to balance his scholarly focus. While his analysis stops short of recommending specific policies regarding homegrown mujahideen, the author clearly hopes that his study encourages governments to embrace “a theory of relativity in antiterrorism.” Timely and provocative, this is an important addition to the literature on Islamic terrorism. (Jan.)
From the Publisher

"Mr. Leiken is a largely reliable guide to the varieties of Islamic belief and politics that are now reproduced in Europe...He writes with eloquence, bringing to life the grim realities of the French banlieues and of the back-to-back houses of immigrant families in Leeds, where his requests for information met an impenetrable wall of silence." -- The Economist

"Leiken provides a historical, ethnic and socioeconomic context that identifies important differences as opposed to empty generalities. Both well written and researched-a valuable contribution to an ongoing discussion." - Kirkus Reviews (starred review)

"Timely and provocative, this is an important addition to the literature on Islamic terrorism." - Publisher's Weekly

"Leiken discusses Islamophobia and the extent to which Jihadist 'outsiders' manipulate those subjected to it for their own purposes, and emphasizes the need to distinguish between genuine Islamist political agitation and other forms of civil disobedience more rooted in socioeconomic tension."--Middle East Journal

"Leiken supports his anecdotal observations with the weight of academic and empirical studies, resulting in an immensely readable account that is also authoritative." -- Literary Review

Kirkus Reviews
An expert on national security challenges stereotypes of Islamic militancy and the threat it poses. Leiken (Why Nicaragua Vanished, 2003, etc.) analyzes social policies affecting Muslim immigrant communities in France, the U.K. and Germany, and how these have affected recruitment to Islamic jihadist organizations. Rejecting a one-size-fits-all categorization of Islam, he suggests that it is the "postmigrant" second-generation of young men who provide potential recruits for terrorist organizations in Europe and the United States, especially as they face a crisis of identity in a time of economic stagnation. The author draws the conclusion that the apparently socially repressive policies adopted by the French have proven to be most successful in dealing with a possible threat of terrorism, while the British face a serious problem. Migrants from Algeria are encouraged to view themselves as French and are expected to assimilate French culture. Leiken believes that the 2005 street riots were fueled by economic conditions rather than ideology. In contrast, the terrorist attack on the British subway system was ideologically motivated. The author attributes the rise of Islamic terrorism in the U.K. to British multiculturism. Leaders in Muslim communities received generous government subsidies and were expected to act as mediators for the Muslim population, which was not encouraged to assimilate. Migrant laborers generally maintain close ties to their native communities, which their children lack, leaving them vulnerable to terrorist recruitment. By offering apprenticeship programs and vocational training, Germans provided them a road to economic, if not social, integration and an alternative to radicalism. Leiken provides a historical, ethnic and socioeconomic context that identifies important differences as opposed to empty generalities. Both well written and researched—a valuable contribution to an ongoing discussion.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780195328974
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • Publication date: 12/30/2011
  • Pages: 368
  • Sales rank: 1,012,139
  • Product dimensions: 9.30 (w) x 6.40 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Meet the Author

Robert S. Leiken is a non-resident Senior Fellow at the Brookings Institution. His commentaries have appeared in the major American newspapers and his reports and essays in Foreign Affairs, The New York Review of Books, The New Republic, The Weekly Standard, Foreign Policy, The Times Literary Supplement, Commentary, Washington Post Outlook, The Los Angeles Sunday Times and The Political Science Quarterly.

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Table of Contents

Prologue
IN FRANCE
I. Europe's First Angry Muslim
II. A French Intifada?
III. A French Revolt

GUIDES FOR THE PERPLEXED
IV. A User' Guide
V. The Outside
VI. The Unwanted
VII. Angles of Aggregation

IN BRITAIN
VIII. Ghost Towns
IX. Cousins
X. The Lords of Londonistan
XI. The Life and Loves of a Terrorist

IN GERMANY
XII. Germany's Hot Summer
XIII. Germany's Young Turks

FINALE
XIV. Figures in the Carpet

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