Evaluating Practice: Guidelines for the Accountable Professional / Edition 6

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Evaluating Practice continues to be the most comprehensive practice evaluation text available.

Focusing on single-system designs, Evaluating Practice, 6/e presents clear guidelines on conceptualizing and measuring problems, developing practice-oriented evaluation designs, understanding and analyzing data, and ethical guidelines for practice evaluation.

This text is unsurpassed among human service evaluation texts for bringing clarity to evaluation procedures.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780205612017
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Publication date: 1/2/2009
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 6
  • Pages: 640
  • Sales rank: 263,232
  • Product dimensions: 7.70 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 1.20 (d)

Table of Contents



Part I

What Are You Getting Into?

1 Integrating Evaluation and Practice

Introduction to Single-System Designs

What Are Single-System Designs?

Evidence-Based Practice

Single-System Designs and Classical Research: The Knowledge-Building Context

Single-System Evaluation, Qualitative Research, and Quantitative Research

Advantages of Using Single-System Designs in Practice

A Walk through the Evaluation Process


Part II

Conceptualizing and Measuring Targets and Objectives/Goals

2 Basic Principles of Conceptualization and Measurement


What Is Conceptualization?

What Is Measurement?

Definition as a First Step in Measurement

Can Everything Be Measured?

Key Characteristics of All Measures


3 Specifying Problems and Goals

Introduction: From General Problems to Specific Targets of Intervention

Specifying Client Concerns: Identifying and Clarifying Problems and Potentials

Specifying Goals and Objectives

Using Goal Attainment Scaling (GAS) to Establish Goals

Setting Goals in Groups

Problems and Issues in Setting Goals


4 Developing a Measurement and Recording Plan


Steps in Developing a Recording Plan

Charting: Putting Your Information on Graphs

Problem-Oriented Records (POR)

Use of Computers in Evaluation and Practice


Computer Assisted Social Services (CASS): A User’s Guide

Appendix: Installing CASS

5 Behavioral Observation


General Guidelines for Behavioral Observation

Sampling Behaviors

Instruments for Recording Behaviors

Ensuring Accurate Observations

Methods of Recording Behavior

Analog Situations

Recording Behavior in Groups


6 Individualized Rating Scales


Uses of Individualized Rating Scales

Constructing and Using Individualized Rating Scales


7 Standardized Scales


What Are Standardized Scales?

Selecting a Standardized Scale

Administering a Standardized Scale

Some Available Standardized Self-Report Scales

Some Available Standardized Scales for Practitioners

Some Available Standardized Scales for Relevant Others

Some Available Standardized Scales for Independent Observers

Do-It-Yourself Scales

Using Standardized Scales in Groups

Computer Management of Standardized Scales



Computer Assisted Assessment Package (CAAP): A User’s Guide

8 Logs


Types of Client Logs

Putting Qualitative and Quantitative Information Together

Introducing Clients to Logs

Practitioner Logs

Maximizing and Verifying the Reliability and Validity of Logs


9 Reactivity and Nonreactive Measures


Reactivity of Measures

Unobtrusive (Nonreactive) Measures


10 Selecting a Measure


Considerations in Deciding on a Measure

Use of Multiple Measures

Selecting a Measure


Part III

Evaluation Designs

11 Basic Principles of Single-System Designs


An Example Connecting Practice and Evaluation Designs

Purposes of Single-System Designs

Unique Characteristics of Single-System Designs

Causality in Single-System Designs

External Validity and Generalizability

Overview of Single-System Designs


12 Baselining


Purposes of the Baseline

Types of Baselines

How Long Should Baselining Continue?

When Are Baselines Not Necessary?

Issues Regarding Baselining


13 From the Case Study to the Basic Single-System Design: A-B


Case Studies or Predesigns

Design A-B: The Basic Single-System Design


14 The Experimental Single-System Designs: A-B-A, A-B-A-B, B-A-B


Basic Experimental Designs


15 Multiple Designs for Single Systems


Multiple-Baseline Designs: Across Problems, Clients, or Settings

Multiple-Target Designs

Variations on Multiple Designs


16 Changing Intensity Designs and Successive Intervention Designs


Changing Intensity Designs: A-B 1 -B 2 -B 3

Successive Intervention Designs: A-B-C, A-B-A-C, A-B-A-C-A


17 Designs for Comparing Interventions


Alternating Intervention Design: A-B/C-(B or C)

Interaction Design: A-B-A-B-BC-B-BC


18 Selecting a Design


Framework for Selecting a Design

Needed: A Design for All Seasons

Creativity in Single-System Designs: Making Your Own Designs

Evaluation in Minimal-Contact Situations

Single-System Designs in Managed Care: The Stretch Design

Trouble-Shooting: “Okay, I Understand Everything That You Said, but My Case Is Different.”


Part IV

Analyzing Your Results

19 Basic Principles of Analysis


Distinguishing Effort, Effectiveness, and Efficiency

Significance—Practical, Statistical, and Theoretical

Evaluating Goal Achievement

Issues in Analysis of Data

Computer Analysis of Data for Single-System Designs

The Issue of Autocorrelation

Tools in Analysis of Data


20 Visual Analysis of Single-System Design Data


Definition of Terms

Basic Patterns and Implications

Visual Inspection of Raw Data

Interpreting Ambiguous Patterns

Problems of Visual Inspection

Creating a Chart with SINGWIN


21 Descriptive Statistics


Measures of Central Tendency

Measures of Variation

Using Measures of Central Tendency and Variability to Graph Group Data

Computing and Graphing Measures of Central Tendency and Variation with SINGWIN

Measures of Trend

Measures of Effect Size

Optimal Uses and Cautions for Specific Descriptive Statistics


22 Tests of Statistical Significance for Single-System Designs


Proportion/Frequency Approach

Three-Standard-Deviation-Band Approach (X-Moving-Range-Chart)


Conservative Dual-Criteria (CDC) Approach


General Considerations in Using Tests of Statistical Significance

Optimal Uses and Cautions for Specific Analytic Procedures


23 Computer Analysis of Single-System Design Data

Chapter Overview

Starting SINGWIN


Getting the Big Picture

Using Specific Procedures

Appendix: Installing Singwin


24 Selecting a Procedure for Analyzing Data


Framework for Selecting a Procedure for Analyzing Data

Other Statistical Considerations

Nonstatistical Considerations



Part V

The Challenge of Single-System Designs

25 Not for Practitioners Alone


Special Applications of Single-System Designs

Recent Criticisms of Single-System Evaluation

For the Client

For the Administrator

For Educators and Students



Name Index

Subject Index

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Sort by: Showing all of 2 Customer Reviews
  • Posted March 23, 2009

    Good research text.

    I purchased this book because it was a requirement for a graduate social work course. Heavy on research.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted June 30, 2009

    No text was provided for this review.

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