Evaluating Science And Scientists

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Overview

"Important and essential reading for those interested in the transformation of science in the region." Research Policy

The shift to a market economy in post-communist Eastern Europe has had a profound impact on science and scientists across the region, leading to
reforms in research management practices and to drastic cuts in funding levels everywhere. Many countries are moving towards a system of competitive research grants awarded on the basis of peer review. The introduction of peer review is not simply a technical matter; it signifies a fundamental change in the social structure of science, enhancing professional autonomy and giving working scientists a voice in the allocation of resources. This book combines first-hand accounts of the reform process with analyses of the strengths and weaknesses of both peer review and quantitative indicators.

1997
236 pages
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781858660790
  • Publisher: Central European University, LLC
  • Publication date: 6/1/1997
  • Pages: 240
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.69 (d)

Table of Contents

List of Contributors
Acknowledgments
Introduction 1
1 The Political Context of Science Priority-Setting in the United States 9
2 The Political and Economic Context of Research Evaluation in Eastern Europe 18
3 Factors Affecting the Acceptance of Evaluation Results 28
4 Peer Review in Science and Science Policy 51
5 A Polish Perspective on Peer Review 61
6 The Limits of Peer Review: The Case of Hungary 71
7 The Evaluation of Research Institutes in Hungary 82
8 Peer Review in The Czech Republic 93
9 Peer Review in Poland: Practical Solutions and Possible Improvements 96
10 Quantitative Techniques in Evaluation in Western Europe 115
11 The Evaluation of Scientists and Their Work 132
12 Scientometric Methods in Evaluation of Research Groups in Hungary 149
13 Measuring and Evaluating Scientific Performance in the Czech Republic 160
14 Institutionalizing Evaluation of Research and Education in the Slovak Republic 166
15 Formal Evaluation Methods: Their Utility and Limitations 170
16 Evaluation of Research and Development Programs by Technology Indicators 183
17 Quantitative Citation Data as Indicators in Science Evaluations: A Primer on Their Appropriate Use 202
18 Ethical and Political Aspects of Using and Interpreting Quantitative Indicators 212
Index 221
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