Evaluation of the New York City Police Department Firearm Training and Firearm-Discharge Review Process [NOOK Book]

Overview


In January 2007, New York City Police Commissioner Raymond W. Kelly asked the RAND Corporation to examine the quality and completeness of the New York City Police Department's firearm-training program and identify potential improvements in it and in the police department's firearm-discharge review process. This monograph reports the observations, findings, and recommendations of that study.
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Evaluation of the New York City Police Department Firearm Training and Firearm-Discharge Review Process

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Overview


In January 2007, New York City Police Commissioner Raymond W. Kelly asked the RAND Corporation to examine the quality and completeness of the New York City Police Department's firearm-training program and identify potential improvements in it and in the police department's firearm-discharge review process. This monograph reports the observations, findings, and recommendations of that study.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780833045973
  • Publisher: RAND Corporation, The
  • Publication date: 3/28/2008
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 142
  • Sales rank: 556,527
  • File size: 2 MB

Meet the Author

Lawrence Morley Hanser (Ph.D., Psychology, 1977, Iowa State University) is a Senior Psychologist at RAND.

William Michael Hix (M.S., Operations Research/Systems Analysis, U. of Rochester) is a Senior Operations Research Analyst at RAND.

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Table of Contents

Preface iii

Figures ix

Tables xi

Executive xiii

Abbreviations xxvii

Chapter 1 Introduction 1

Background and Study Objective 1

Study Approach 2

Organization of This Monograph 4

Chapter 2 Firearm-Discharge Policy and Experience in New York City 7

Introduction 7

Use of Force Is an Essential Part of Policing 7

Matching Force to the Nature of the Situation 9

Use of Deadly Force: A Changing Paradigm 10

Efforts to Control the Use of Deadly Force 11

NYPD Policy on the Use of Deadly Force 12

Firearm-Discharge Statistics 13

Chapter 3 Training 17

Introduction 17

Overview of NYPD Training 17

Recruit Training 18

Field Training 22

In-Service Training 23

Method of Assessment 24

A Framework For Assessing the Quality of Training 24

Application of the Framework 25

Assessment of Recruit Training 25

Options to Improve Recruit Training 31

Observations and Assessment of In-Service Training 35

In-Service Baton Training 35

Refreshes Firearm Training and Requalification 35

Summary and Recommendations 37

Basic Recruit Training 38

In-Service Training 39

Chapter 4 he Firearm-Discharge Investigation and Review Process 41

Introduction 41

Current Procedures 41

Assessment of the Process 42

Recommendations 44

Focus of the Firearm-Discharge Investigation Should Be Expanded to Include a Formal Review of the Tactics Used 44

There Needs to Be a Formal Lessons-Learned Process 45

There Is a Need to Better Adhere to Stipulated Formats 45

There Is a Need for Synthesis in Final Reports 46

Chapter 5 Analysis of Factors Associated with NYPD Officers Discharging Their Firearms 47

Introduction 47

Data Sources 48

Methods 49

Findings50

Summary 55

Chapter 6 The Need for an Improved Less-Than-Lethal Standoff Weapon 57

Introduction 57

The Tactics of Taking Control: Controlling an Uncooperative Subject 57

Physical Force 58

Drawing or Displaying a Firearm 59

Less-Than-Lethal Force 61

Other Less-Than-Lethal Alternatives: Conducted-Energy Devices 64

What Is a Conducted-Energy Device? 64

How Are They Supposed to Be Used? 65

How Effective Have CEDs Been? 67

Several National Organization Object to the Use of TASER Devices 71

Arrest-Related Deaths and Excited Delirium 76

Recommendations for CEDs and OC Spray 78

Other, Less-Than-Lethal Alternatives: Impact Munitions 78

Super-Sock Rounds 80

Spongs Rounds 80

Recommendations for the Deployment of Impact Munitions 80

Chapter 7 Other Innovative Technologies 81

Introduction 81

Laser Sights 82

Recmmendation 84

Handgun-Mounted Flashlights 84

Recmmendation 86

Chapter 8 Reflexive Shooting 87

Introduction 87

Understaning Reflexive Shootings 87

Training to Reduce Reflexive Shooting 88

Documenting Reflexive Shootings 89

Recommendations 90

Chapter 9 Summary of Findings and Recommendations 91

Introduction 91

Training 91

Findings 91

Recommendations 92

FDRB Investigation and Reporting 93

Findings 93

Recommendations 94

Analysis of Factors Associated with NYPD Officers Discharging Their Firearms 95

Findings 95

Recommendations 95

Need for an Improved Less-Than-Lethal Standoff Weapon 96

Findings 96

Recommendations 97

Other Innovative Technologies 97

Findings 97

Recommendations 98

Reflexive Shooting 98

Findings 98

Recommendations 99

Appendix

Data and Methodology 101

Refrences 105

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