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Is evil evidence against the existence of God? Even if God and evil are compatible, it remains hotly contested whether evil renders belief in God unreasonable. The Evidential Argument from Evil presents five classic statements on this issue by eminent philosophers and theologians and places them in dialogue with eleven original essays reflecting new thinking by these and other scholars. The volume focuses on two versions of the argument. The first affirms that there is no reason for God to permit either certain specific horrors or the variety and profusion of undeserved suffering. The second asserts that pleasure and pain, given their biological role, are better explained by hypotheses other than theism.
Contributors include William P. Alston, Paul Draper, Richard M. Gale, Daniel Howard-Snyder, Alvin Plantinga, William L. Rowe, Bruce Russell, Eleonore Stump, Richard G. Swinburne, Peter van Inwagen, and Stephen John Wykstra.
Preface Introduction: The Evidential Argument from Evil/Daniel Howard-Snyder The Problem of Evil and Some Varieties of Atheism/William L. Rowe Pain and Pleasure: An Evidential Problem for Theists/Paul draper Some Major Strands of Theodicy/Richard G. Swinburne Aquinas on the Sufferings of Job/Eleonore Stump Epistemic Probability and Evil/Alvin Plantinga The Inductive Argument from evil and the Human Cognitive Condition/William P. Alston Rowe's Noseeum Arguments from Evil/Stephen Wypkstra The Problem of Evil, the Problem of Air, and the Problem of Silence/Peter van Inwagen The Skeptical Theist/Paul Draper Defenseless/Bruce Russell Some Difficulties in Theistic Treatments of Evil/Richard Gale Reflections on the Essays of Draper, Russell, and Gale/Peter van Inwagen On being Evidentially Challenged/Alvin Plantinga The Evidential Argument from Evil: A Second Look/William L. Rowe The Argument from Inscrutable Evil/Daniel Howard-Snyder Some (Temporarily) Final Thoughts on Evidential ARguments from Evil/William P. Alston
Bibliography Contributors Index