The Evolution of International Security Studies

The Evolution of International Security Studies

by Barry Buzan, Lene Hansen
     
 

View All Available Formats & Editions

ISBN-10: 0521694221

ISBN-13: 9780521694223

Pub. Date: 10/31/2009

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

International Security Studies (ISS) has changed and diversified in many ways since 1945. This book provides the first intellectual history of the development of the subject in that period. It explains how ISS evolved from an initial concern with the strategic consequences of superpower rivalry and nuclear weapons, to its current diversity in which environmental,

Overview

International Security Studies (ISS) has changed and diversified in many ways since 1945. This book provides the first intellectual history of the development of the subject in that period. It explains how ISS evolved from an initial concern with the strategic consequences of superpower rivalry and nuclear weapons, to its current diversity in which environmental, economic, human and other securities sit alongside military security, and in which approaches ranging from traditional Realist analysis to Feminism and Post-colonialism are in play. It sets out the driving forces that shaped debates in ISS, shows what makes ISS a single conversation across its diversity, and gives an authoritative account of debates on all the main topics within ISS. This is an unparalleled survey of the literature and institutions of ISS that will be an invaluable guide for all students and scholars of ISS, whether traditionalist, 'new agenda' or critical.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521694223
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
10/31/2009
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
400
Sales rank:
1,239,661
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

Foreword ix

List of abbreviations xii

List of figures xv

List of tables xvi

Introduction 1

1 Defining International Security Studies 8

Four questions that structure ISS 10

Security and its adjacent concepts 13

The disciplinary boundary of ISS 16

The Western-centrism conundrum 19

2 The key questions in International Security Studies: the state, politics and epistemology 21

From medieval to sovereign states 22

The French Revolution and domestic cohesion 26

The conception of politics in ISS 30

Epistemology and security debates 32

Mapping concepts of security 35

3 The driving forces behind the evolution of International Security Studies 39

A post-Kuhnian sociology of science 40

Internal versus external factors 44

The theoretical status of the driving forces framework 47

The five driving forces as general analytical categories 50

Great power politics 50

The technological imperative 53

Events 54

The internal dynamics of academic debates 57

Institutionalisation 60

4 Strategic Studies, deterrence and the Cold War 66

Great power politics: the Cold War and bipolarity 68

The technological imperative: the nuclear revolution in military affairs 73

The pressure of current affairs and 'events' 83

The internal dynamics of academic debates 87

5 The Cold War challenge to national security 101

Peace Research and Arms Control 104

Great power politics: the Cold War and bipolarity 106

The technological imperative: the nuclear revolution in military affairs 109

Positive peace, integration and societal cohesion 118

Structural violence, economics and the environment 123

The internal dynamics of debates in Peace Research129

From peace to security: Common Security, Feminism and Poststructuralism 135

Foregrounding 'security' 135

Women as a particular group: the birth of Feminist Security Studies 138

Linguistic approaches and Poststructuralism 141

Institutionalisation 145

Conclusions 153

6 International Security studies post-Cold War: the traditionalists 156

The loss of a meta-event: surviving the Soviet Union 159

International academic debates: state-centrism and epistemology 162

Great power politics: a replacement for the Soviet Union? 165

The technological imperative 170

Regional security and non-Western events 176

Institutionalisation 182

Conclusions 184

7 Widening and deepening security 187

Constructivisms: norms, identities and narratives 191

Conventional Constructivism 192

Critical Constructivism 197

Beyond the (Western) state 200

Post-colonialism 200

Human Security 202

Critical Security Studies 205

Feminism 208

Discursive security: the Copenhagen School and Poststructuralism 212

The Copenhagen School and its critics 212

Poststructuralism 218

Institutionalisation 221

Conclusions 224

8 Responding to 9/11: a return to national security? 226

Traditionalist ISS post-9/11 299

The traditionalist response to the Global War on Terrorism 229

Continuities in traditionalist ISS after 2001 234

Widening perspectives and the Global War on Terrorism 243

Discourses and terrorist subjects 243

Information technology, bio-security and risk 248

Institutionalisation and the Global War on Terrorism 251

Conclusions 253

9 Conclusions 256

The changing shape of ISS 258

Driving forces reconsidered 261

The State and future of ISS: conversation or camps? 262

The outlook for ISS 265

Great power politics 266

Events 268

Technology 269

Academic debates 270

Institutionalisation 271

References 273

Author index 365

Subject index 368

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network

     

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >