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Insects and arachnids display the most impressive diversity of mating and social behavior among all animals. This book investigates sexual competition in these groups, and the variety of ways in which males and females pursue, persuade, manipulate, control and help one another, enabling us to gain a better understanding of how conflicts and confluences of interest evolve together. Each chapter provides a comprehensive review of mating systems in particular insect and arachnid groups, discusses intrinsic and extrinsic factors responsible for observed mating strategies, and suggests fruitful avenues for further research. The book culminates in a synthesis, reviewing the data in terms of the theory of sexual conflict. This broad-based book will be of immense value to students and researchers interested in reproductive strategies, behavioral ecology, entomology and arachnology.
Introduction; 1. Evolutionary perspectives on insect mating Richard D. Alexander, David Marshall, and John Cooley; 2. Sexual selection by cryptic female choice in insects and arachnids William G. Eberhard; 3. Natural and sexual selection components of odonate mating patterns Ola M. Finke, Jonathan Waage, and Walter D. Koenig; 4. Sexual selection in resource defense polygyny: lessons from territorial grasshoppers Michael D. Greenfield; 5. Reproductive strategies of the crickets (Orthoptera: Gryllidae) Marlene Zuk and Leigh W. Simmons; 6. The evolution of edible 'sperm sacs' and other forms of courtship feeding in crickets, katydids and their kin (Orthoptera: Ensifera) Darryl T. Gwynne; 7. Sexual conflicts and the evolution of mating patterns in the Zoraptera Jae C. Choe; 8. The evolution of water strider mating systems: causes and consequences of sexual conflicts Goran Arnqvist; 9. Multiple mating, sperm competition, and cryptic female choice in the leaf beetles (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Janis L. Dickinson; 10. Firefly mating ecology, selection and evolution James E. Lloyd; 11. Modern mating systems in archaic Holometabola: sexuality in neuropteroid insects Charles S. Henry; 12. Mating systems of parasitoid wasps H. C. J. Godfray and J. M. Cook; 13. Fig wasp mating systems: pollinators and parasites, sex ratio adjustment and male polymorphism, population structure and its consequences E. A. Herre, S. A. West, J. M. Cook, S. G. Compton and F. Kjellberg; 14. Predictions from sexual selection on the evolution of mating systems in moths P. Larry Phelan; 15. Sexual dimorphism, mating systems and ecology in butterflies Ronald L. Rutowski; 16. Lek behaviour of insects Todd Shelly and Timothy S. Whittier; 17. Mate choice and species isolation in swarming insects John Sivinski and Erik Petersson; 18. Function and evolution of antlers and eye stalks in flies Gerald S. Wilkinson and Gary N. Dodson; 19. Sex via the substrate: mating systems and sexual selection in pseudoscorpions David W. Zeh and Jeanne A. Zeh; 20. Jumping spider mating strategies: sex with cannibals in and out of webs Robert R. Jackson and S. D. Pollard; 21. Sexual conflict and the evolution of mating systems William D. Brown, Bernard J. Crespi and Jae C. Choe.