Evolutionary Biology: Volume 22


After volume 33, this book series was replaced by the journal "Evolutionary Biology." Please visit www.springer.com/11692 for further information.

In Volume 29, internationally acclaimed researchers address a broad range of topics including the organization of eukaryotic genes, evolution of Drosophila mating systems, and evolutionary-developmental approaches to fin/limb transformation.

Incl. intersection of populations genetics ...

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Paperback (Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1988)
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After volume 33, this book series was replaced by the journal "Evolutionary Biology." Please visit www.springer.com/11692 for further information.

In Volume 29, internationally acclaimed researchers address a broad range of topics including the organization of eukaryotic genes, evolution of Drosophila mating systems, and evolutionary-developmental approaches to fin/limb transformation.

Incl. intersection of populations genetics & species conservation: the cheetah's dilemma; industrial melanism etc

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Editorial Reviews

A survey of the paleobiology of ammonoids presenting reviews of previous work and new material in ammonoid phylogeny, ecology, growth rate, and locomotion. The nine investigating scholars cover topics in the organization of eukaryotic genes, Drosophila ADH evolution, substrate specificity and function, aspects of stress, resources, energy balance, pollination biology and the evolution of mating systems, sympatry and niche shift among temperate zone Chymomyza, and developmental perspectives on paleontological and morphological evidence. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781461282518
  • Publisher: Springer US
  • Publication date: 10/28/2011
  • Series: Evolutionary Biology Series, #22
  • Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1988
  • Pages: 306
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.65 (d)

Table of Contents

1. Phylogeny of Early Vertebrate Skeletal Induction and Ossification Patterns.- Introduction: The Fossil Record.- The Vertebrate Skeleton.- The Products of Skeletogenesis.- Sites of Skeletogenesis.- Skeletal Enlargement.- Cartilage.- Bone.- Dentines and Enamel.- Skeletalization versus Calcification.- The Problem of Ontogenetic Similarity.- The Phylogenetic Basis of Investigation.- Findings.- Primitive Vertebrate Hard Tissues.- Early Vertebrate Induction Mechanisms.- Gnathostomes: Variations on a Theme.- Discussion.- Conclusions.- Appendix: Characters Related to Vertebrate Skeletogenesis.- References.- 2. A Review of the Origin of Snakes.- The Paleontological Evidence and Early Theories of Snake Origins.- The Affinities of Snakes.- The Scolecophidian Basicranium.- The Trabeculae Cranii.- The Nasal Capsule.- The Alary Process of the Prootic.- The Metotic Fissure.- The Stapedial Artery.- Adventitious Cartilage.- Epiphyses.- Distally Forked Ribs.- Limb Reduction.- The Constrictor Internus Dorsalis Group.- The Jaw Adductor Musculature.- The Hyobranchium and Throat Musculature.- The Trunk Musculature.- The Brain.- The Retina.- The Inner Ear.- The Nose and Associated Structures.- The Oral Glands.- The Thymus.- The Intestine.- The Pancreas.- The Bile Salts.- The Adrenal.- Cardiac Anatomy.- The Hemipenis.- The Chromosomes.- The Anguimorph Hypothesis.- The “Burrowing Lizards” Hypothesis.- Discussion and Conclusions.- The Classification of Snakes: Basic Divisions.- A Historical Review of Snake Classification.- A Cladogram of Snakes: Basic Divisions.- The Monophyly of the Scolecophidia.- The Monophyly of the Henophidia.- The Monophyly of the Anilioidea.- The Monophyly of the Booidea.- The Monophyly of the Caenophidia.- The Classification of Dinilysia patagonica Woodward.- Summary and Conclusions.- The Ecology of Snake Origins.- New Fossils and New Ideas.- The Hypothesis of a Burrowing Origin of Snakes.- The Ear of Snakes.- The Nose of Snakes.- The Tongue of Snakes.- The Loss of Limbs.- Cranial Kinesis in Burrowing Lizards and the Jaw Mechanics of Snakes.- The Origin of Snakes and the Rise of Mammals.- Miniaturization: A Unifying Concept.- References.- 3. Horses, the Fossil Record, and Evolution: A Current Perspective.- Fossil Horses and Evolutionary Thought.- Origin and Diversification of the Perissodactyla.- Synoptic History of Horses: The First 25 Million Years.- The Miocene: Acme of Horse Evolution.- The Last Eight Million Years of Horse Evolution.- Selected Evolutionary Principles.- Trends.- Modes.- Rates.- Mosaics.- Summary and Conclusions.- References.- 4. Historical Biogeography of the Drosophila melanogaster Species Subgroup.- Biogeographic and Ecological Evidence.- The Biogeography of the Species.- The Breeding Sites.- Unequivocal versus Equivocal Phylogenetic Relationships.- Paleobiogeographic Inferences.- Dispersal Tracks, Vicariance Biogeography, and the Refuge Theory.- Fragmentation of the African Tropical Forest and the Refuge Theory.- An Ancestor Originating from Asia.- Splitting of the Primeval Trunk into Two Branches.- The Three-Root Stage.- The Drosophila erecta—Drosophila orena Divergence May Have Occurred in the West Cameroon Mountains.- The Refuge Theory Possibly Valid for the Drosophila teissieri-Drosophila yakuba Differentiation.- The 2- to 3-MYA Rift Aridification: A Plausible “Vicariant” Event Resulting in Drosophila melanogaster and the Ancestor of the Three Drosophila simulans-like Species.- Oversea Dispersal, Founder Effect, and Speciation within the Drosophila simulans Lineage without Novel Chromosomal Rearrangements.- Three Drosophila simulans “Races”.- Equatorial Africa Is Presumably the Historic Zone of Secondary Contact between Drosophila melanogaster and Drosophila simulans.- The Northward Migration of Drosophila melanogaster: The Trans-Saharan Route.- The Northward Migration of Drosophila simulans: The Nile Route?.- Concluding Remarks and Summary.- References.- 5. Aposematism and Batesian Mimicry: Measuring Mimetic Advantage in Natural Habitats.- Some Background Information on Aposematism and Mimicry.- Studies with Captive Predators or at Feeding Stations in the Field.- Studies in Natural Habitats.- Protective Coloration Other Than Batesian Mimicry.- Batesian Mimicry: Studies on Trinidad.- A Reinterpretation of the Studies on Trinidad.- Batesian Mimicry: Studies of the Pipe Vine Swallowtail Complex in North America.- Discussion.- Future Research.- Summary.- References.- 6. Body Size, Ecological Constraints, and the Evolution of Life-History Strategies.- Body Size As a Central Feature in Life-History Patterns.- Overall Approaches.- Adaptive Significance of Changes in Body Size.- Emphasizing Growth Correlates in the Study of Life-History Patterns.- Patterns of Covariation in Life-History Traits, Body Size, and Ecological Background.- Broad Statistical Surveys.- Ecological Meanings of Trends in Life-History Patterns.- Body Size and Biotic Interactions.- Structuring of Communities and Body Size.- Insular Guilds, Competitive Release, and Changes in Body Size.- Conclusion.- Summary.- References.

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