Evolutionary Medicine / Edition 1

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Overview

Human biology reflects our long history as hunter-gatherers. For example, to cope with a variable food supply, we evolved the ability to consume extra calories and store them efficiently as fat. Now that most humans five very differently, this adaptation is often a disadvantage. Evolutionary medicine, an exciting new multidisciplinary field, looks at such conflicts between our biological traits and contemporary culture. It provides deep insights into a wide range of aspects of human health and biology, from childhood asthma and infant crying to breast cancer, aging, and menopause. The approach is uncovering both causes and treatments and wilt be an essential aspect of medical research well into the next century.

"...covers issues from infancy through adulthood to old age ...a collection of work from leaders in the field, describing a wide array of new and innovative approaches to human health."

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"Evolutionary medicine is a new, interdisciplinary field that brings together physicians, biologists, anthropologists, psychologists, and others to address questions about the evolutionary origins of many medical problems facing modern humans. The primary goal of the discipline is to compare modern human environments and behaviors with the conditions under which humans evolved to determine the extent to which medical conditions of the present may be a consequence of adaptation to different conditions of the past. . . . Evolutionary Medicine provides readers with a well-balanced and broad overview of the kinds of research being done in the area. . . . The book is primarily a reader in evolutionary medicine ... and ... a good introduction to a new field. . . . [A]nyone interested in learning more about how evolutionary theory is being used to gain insights into medical problems will find much in the volume to stimulate their creative juices."—Journal of the American Medical Association

"This book might be easier to read for nonspecialists. . . .Nevertheless, for anyone with an interest in the evolution of disease, Evolutionary Medicine offers thought-provoking material." The Quarterly Review of Biology the chapters in Stearns's book are generaly

"With its evolutionary framework and cross-cultural perspective, this book could be successfully utilized as a valuable resource in advanced undergraduate and graduate Medical Anthropology courses, especially those with a physical anthropology orientation. Every selection contains multiple novel insights in the rapidly emerging field of evolutionary medicine." — R.A. Halberstein, American Journal of Human Biology, Vol 13, No 3, Mar/Apr 2001

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780195103557
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 1/28/1999
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 496
  • Product dimensions: 6.30 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

New Mexico State University

Emory University

University of Notre Dame

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Table of Contents

Foreword: Historical Overview
Contributors
Introduction 3
1 Is Neonatal Jaundice a Disease or an Adaptive Process? 7
2 Infant Crying Behavior and Colic: An Interpretation in Evolutionary Perspective 27
3 Breastfeeding and Mother-Infant Cosleeping in Relation to SIDS Prevention 53
4 Otitis Media: An Evolutionary Perspective 75
5 The Evolutionary Ecology of Childhood Asthma 101
6 Evolutionary Perspectives on the Onset of Puberty 135
7 Incest Avoidance: Clinical Implications of the Evolutionary Perspective 165
8 Evolutionary Obstetrics 183
9 Darwinian Medicine and the Emergence of Allergy 209
10 Using Evolution as a Tool for Controlling Infectious Diseases 245
11 Evolutionary Control of HIV and Other Sexually Transmitted Viruses 271
12 Paleolithic Nutrition Revisited 313
13 Human Evolution, Low Back Pain, and Dual-Level Control 333
14 What Darwinian Medicine Offers Psychiatry 351
15 Evolution, Substance Abuse, and Addiction 375
16 Menopause in Evolutionary Perspective 407
17 Breast Cancer in Evolutionary Context 429
18 Evolutionary Perspectives on Chronic Degenerative Diseases 443
Index 471
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