Evolutionary Synthesis / Edition 1

Evolutionary Synthesis / Edition 1

by Ernst Mayr, William B. (Ed.) Provine
     
 

ISBN-10: 0674272269

ISBN-13: 9780674272262

Pub. Date: 01/01/1998

Publisher: Harvard University Press

Biology was forged into a single, coherent science only within living memory. In this volume the thinkers responsible for the "modern synthesis" of evolutionary biology and genetics come together to analyze that remarkable event.

In a new Preface, Ernst Mayr calls attention to the fact that scientists in different biological disciplines varied considerably in

Overview

Biology was forged into a single, coherent science only within living memory. In this volume the thinkers responsible for the "modern synthesis" of evolutionary biology and genetics come together to analyze that remarkable event.

In a new Preface, Ernst Mayr calls attention to the fact that scientists in different biological disciplines varied considerably in their degree of acceptance of Darwin's theories. Mayr shows us that these differences were played out in four separate periods: 1859 to 1899, 1900 to 1915, 1916 to 1936, and 1937 to 1947. He thus enables us to understand fully why the synthesis was necessary and why Darwin's original theory—that evolutionary change is due to the combination of variation and selection—is as solid at the end of the twentieth century as it was in 1859.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780674272262
Publisher:
Harvard University Press
Publication date:
01/01/1998
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
512
Product dimensions:
6.14(w) x 9.21(h) x 1.03(d)

Table of Contents

Preface, 1998

Preface to the Original Edition

Prologue: Some Thoughts on the History of the Evolutionary Synthesis

Ernst Mayr

Part One: Different Biological Disciplines and the Synthesis

Genetics


    Introduction

    William B. Provine

    Theoretical Population Genetics in the Evolutionary Synthesis

    Richard C. Lewontin


Cytology

    Introduction

    William B. Provine

    The Evolution of Genetic Systems: Contributions of Cytology to Evolutionary Theory

    C.D. Darlington

    Cytology in the T.H. Morgan School

    Alexander Weinstein

    Cytogenetics and the Neo-Darwinian Synthesis

    Hampton L. Carson


Embryology

    Introduction

    William B. Provine

    Embryology and the Modern Synthesis in Evolutionary Theory

    Viktor Hamburger

    The Modern Evolutionary Synthesis and the Biogenetic Law

    Frederick B. Churchill


Systematics

    The Role of Systematics in the Evolutionary Synthesis

    Ernst Mayr


Botany

    Introduction

    Ernst Mayr

    Botany and the Synthetic Theory of Evolution

    G. Ledyard Stebbins


Paleontology

    Introduction

    Ernst Mayr

    G.G. Simpson, Paleontology, and the Modern Synthesis

    Stephen Jay Gould


Morphology

    Introduction

    Ernst Mayr

    Morphology in the Evolutionary Synthesis

    William Coleman

    The Failure of Morphology to Assimilate Darwinism

    Michael T. Ghiselin

    Severtsov and Schmalhausen: Russian Morphology and the Evolutionary Synthesis

    Mark B. Adams


Part Two: The Synthesis in Different Countries

Soviet Union


    The Birth of the Genetic Theory of Evolution in the Soviet Union in the 1920s

    Theodosius Dobzhansky

    Sergei Chetverikov, the Kol'tsov Institute, and the Evolutionary Synthesis

    Mark B. Adams


Germany

    Introduction

    Ernst Mayr

    Historical Development of the Present Synthetic Neo-Darwinism in Germany

    Bernhard Rensch

    Evolutionary Theory in Germany: A Comment

    Viktor Hamburger


France

    Introduction

    Ernst Mayr

    Evolutionary Biology in France at the Time of the Evolutionary Synthesis

    Ernest Boesiger

    The Arrival of Neo-Darwinism in France

    Ernst Mayr

    A Second Glance at Evolutionary Biology in France

    Camille Limoges


England

    Introduction

    William B. Provine

    Some Recollections Pertaining to the Evolutionary Synthesis

    E.B. Ford

    Lamarckism in Britain and the United States

    Richard W. Burkhardt, Jr.

    A Note on W.L. Tower's Leptinotarsa Work

    Alexander Weinstein


United States

    Introduction

    William B. Provine

    The Evolutionary Synthesis: Morgan and Natural Selection Revisited

    Garland E. Allen

    Hypotheses That Blur and Grow

    Hampton L. Carson


Part Three: Final Considerations

Interpretive Issues in the Evolutionary Synthesis


    Introduction

    William B. Provine

    The Meaning of the Evolutionary Synthesis

    Dudley Shapere

    Epilogue

    William B. Provine


Biographical Essays

    How I Became a Darwinian

    Ernst Mayr

    Curt Stem

    Ernst Mayr

    J.B.S. Haldane, R.A. Fisher, and William Bateson

    C.D. Darlington

    Morgan and the Theory of Natural Selection

    Alexander Weinstein

    Morgan and His School in the 1930s

    Theodosius Dobzhansky

    G.G. Simpson

    Ernst Mayr


Contributors

Conference Participants

Index

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