An Examination Of The Attentional Processes Of Smoking And Affective Stimuli Using Rapid Serial Visual Presentation.

Overview

Recent theories of drug addiction posit that an attention bias for drug-related stimuli operate in the development and maintenance of drug-taking behaviors. These models propose that drug-related attentional biases are comprised of automatic and strategic processes, operating at early and late information processing stages and are moderated by self-reported urge to consume substances. These theories propose that attentional biases display different component processes, such that smoking cues may facilitate ...
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Overview

Recent theories of drug addiction posit that an attention bias for drug-related stimuli operate in the development and maintenance of drug-taking behaviors. These models propose that drug-related attentional biases are comprised of automatic and strategic processes, operating at early and late information processing stages and are moderated by self-reported urge to consume substances. These theories propose that attentional biases display different component processes, such that smoking cues may facilitate attentional capture and/or evidence delayed disengagement. Research suggests that these attentional components have relevance for maintaining smoking behavior. Research also suggests a relationship between negative affect and smoking. The present study examined the component processes of attention and the impact of craving on the attentional bias for smoking and threat stimuli using a single-target and dual-target RSVP paradigm among a sample of smokers and non-smokers. Results were consistent with an attention bias for smoking words, but this effect was not contingent on being a smoker. Urge to smoke was associated with a significantly greater attentional bias on the single-target RSVP task. Implication of these findings and suggestions for future research are discussed.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781244083202
  • Publisher: BiblioLabsII
  • Publication date: 9/11/2011
  • Pages: 48
  • Product dimensions: 7.44 (w) x 9.69 (h) x 0.10 (d)

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