Excel-Erated Learning: Explaining in Plain English How Dogs Learn and How Best to Teach Them

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781888047073
  • Publisher: James & Kenneth Pub
  • Publication date: 10/28/1996
  • Pages: 172
  • Sales rank: 202,264
  • Product dimensions: 5.50 (w) x 8.40 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Table of Contents

Forward 1
Introduction 2
A Few Comments About The Book 4
What is Learning? 5
What is Learning Theory? 6
Knowing Versus Doing 6
Motivation 7
The Four Stages of Learning 9
A Bit of History 12
Why Study Animals? 12
The Story of Clever Hans 13
The Principle of Parsimony 14
The Science of Behaviorism 15
The Lingo 17
Psychological Jargon 17
Classical Conditioning 20
What Goes With What? 20
Operant Conditioning 25
Does What I Do Affect What Happens To Me? 25
The Four Possibilities 27
Positive Reinforcement 27
Negative Reinforcement 27
Positive Punishment 28
Negative Punishment 28
Classical or Operant Behavior? 29
Single-Event Learning 34
What's Important in my World? 34
Sensitization 36
Habituation or Sensitization? 37
Adaptation 38
Learned Irrelevance 39
Factors that Affect Learning 42
Deprivation Level 42
The Reward 44
Contrast Effects, Jackpots, and Reinforcer Sampling 45
Novelty 49
Timing 49
Classical Conditioning 49
Operant Conditioning 51
Primary and Secondary Reinforcers 52
Establishing a Conditioned Reinforcer 55
Schedules of Reinforcement 57
The Different Types of Schedules 57
Ratio Schedules 60
Interval Schedules 62
Differential Reinforcement Schedules 65
Duration Schedules 67
Which Reinforcement Schedule Should You Use? 69
What About Reinforcement Schedules in Classical Conditioning? 72
Premack's Theory of Reinforcement 73
Stimulus (Signal) Control 77
Discrimination and Generalization 78
A Package of Stimuli 81
Which Stimuli will the Dog Learn About? 82
Salience and Overshadowing 83
Blocking 85
The Reliability of the S[superscript D] 87
Context Effects 89
What About Teaching A Discrimination? 90
Is There a More Efficient Way? 92
Errorless Discrimination Learning 94
Can Dogs Learn Scent Discrimination With an Errorless Procedure? 95
Preparedness 97
Discrimination or Reflexive Behavior? 99
Learning Sets 100
Experimental Neuroses 101
Extinction 103
Is Extinction Unlearning? 103
The Partial Reinforcement Extinction Effect 105
Aversive Control of Behavior 108
Negative Reinforcement 108
Electronic Collars and Avoidance Responding 113
Extinction of Avoidance Responding 116
Species-Specific Defense Reactions 117
Positive Punishment 119
Considerations on the Use of Punishment 119
How Strong Should a Punisher Be? 119
How Important is the Immediacy of Punishment? 120
What is the Right Punishment Schedule? 122
Does it Matter What the Punisher is? 122
Does Punishment Teach the Animal What is Should do? 122
Is Punishment Subject to Stimulus Control? 123
Punishment is Rewarding to the User 124
Behavior that Persists Despite Punishment 124
What's the Scoop on Using Punishment? 126
Noncontingent Aversive Stimuli 128
Negative Punishment 130
The Application of Learning Principles to Changing Behavior (A.K.A. Behavior Modification Techniques) 133
Teaching New Behaviors 133
Shaping by Successive Approximations 134
Prompting 139
Chaining 143
Autoshaping 147
Modifying Existing Behaviors 149
Conditioned Emotional Responses 149
Counterconditioning and Desensitization 150
Flooding/Response Prevention 152
Taste Aversion Learning 154
Some Common Behavior Problems 157
Phobias 157
Separation Anxiety 160
Interdog Aggression 161
Aggression Toward People 162
Social Learning 166
Social Facilitation 166
Stimulus or Local Enhancement 168
Imitation 169
Conclusion 170
References and Recommended Readings 171
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Sort by: Showing all of 2 Customer Reviews
  • Anonymous

    Posted February 26, 2012

    Excellent choice

    Excellent book for those getting or already involved in dog training and animal behavior.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted December 26, 2004

    Great illustrations!

    This book helped me better understand my dogs behavior. I loved the whimsical dog drawings!

    0 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
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