Exercises in Oral Radiography Techniques: A Laboratory Manual for Essentials of Dental Radiography / Edition 3

Exercises in Oral Radiography Techniques: A Laboratory Manual for Essentials of Dental Radiography / Edition 3

by Evelyn Thomson, Orlen Johnson
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0138019444

ISBN-13: 9780138019440

Pub. Date: 04/13/2011

Publisher: Pearson

This is a student supplement associated with:

Essentials of Dental Radiography, 9/e
Evelyn M. Thomson, Old Dominion University

Orlen Johnson

ISBN: 0138019398

Overview

This is a student supplement associated with:

Essentials of Dental Radiography, 9/e
Evelyn M. Thomson, Old Dominion University

Orlen Johnson

ISBN: 0138019398

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780138019440
Publisher:
Pearson
Publication date:
04/13/2011
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
384
Sales rank:
861,573
Product dimensions:
8.40(w) x 10.80(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

PrefaceXXV
Part 1Introduction1
Chapter 1Modern Economics3
Internet Connection: Tracking the Digital Economy6
What Is Economics?6
Thinking Like an Economist: Incentives and the Price of AOL9
Internet Connection: Auction Sites11
The Three Major Markets15
Microeconomics and Macroeconomics: The Two Branches of Economics17
The Science of Economics18
Why Economists Disagree19
Review and Practice21
Chapter 2Thinking Like an Economist25
The Basic Competitive Model25
e-Insight: Markets, Exchange, and e-Commerce27
Incentives and Information: Prices, Property Rights, and Profits29
Alternatives to the Price System32
Opportunity Sets and Trade-Offs34
Costs37
Thinking Like an Economist: Trade-Offs39
Internet Connection: Internet Resources for Economists40
Case in Point: The Opportunity Cost of Attending College40
Internet Connection: The Economists' Voice43
Review and Practice45
AppendixReading Graphs47
Part 2Perfect Markets51
Chapter 3Demand, Supply, and Price53
The Role of Prices53
Demand54
Case in Point: Gasoline Prices and the Demand for SUVs59
Fundamentals of Demand, Supply, and Price 161
Supply61
e-Insight: The Demand for Computers and Information Technology62
Fundamentals of Demand, Supply, and Price 267
Law of Supply and Demand67
Fundamentals of Demand, Supply, and Price 370
Price, Value, and Cost70
Internet Connection: The Demand and Supply in the Oil Market71
Review and Practice72
Chapter 4Using Demand and Supply77
The Price Elasticity of Demand77
The Determinants of the Elasticity of Demand80
The Price Elasticity of Supply82
International Perspective: Comparing Reactions to the Oil Price Shock of 200083
Using Demand and Supply Elasticities85
Shortages and Surpluses88
Interfering with the Law of Supply and Demand90
Thinking Like an Economist: Incentives and the Window Tax90
Case in Point: Rent Control in New York City93
Internet Connection: Flawed Deregulation94
Review and Practice96
AppendixElasticity and Slope98
Chapter 5The Consumption Decision101
The Basic Problem of Consumer Choice101
Case in Point: The Fate of the BTU Tax107
Internet Connection: What We Consume109
A Closer Look at the Demand Curve109
Thinking Like an Economist: Incentives, Income Effects, and Substitution Effects112
Utility and the Description of Preferences113
Looking Beyond the Basic Model118
Review and Practice122
AppendixIndifference Curves and the Consumption Decision124
Indifference Curves and Marginal Rates of Substitution126
Using Indifference Curves to Illustrate Choices127
Chapter 6The Firm's Costs131
Profits, Costs, and Factors of Production132
Short-Run and Long-Run Cost Curves141
Internet Connection: Economic Definitions146
Production with Many Factors146
Case in Point: The Principle of Substitution and Global Warming148
Economies of Scope150
Review and Practice151
Chapter 7The Competitive Firm155
Revenue155
Costs156
Internet Connection: Firms' Profit-and-Loss Statements157
Basic Conditions of Competitive Supply158
Entry, Exit, and Market Supply160
Long-Run Versus Short-Run Supply164
e-Insight: The 2001 Recession: Cutbacks Versus Shutdowns165
Accounting Profits and Economic Profits166
Case in Point: Entering the Painting Business and Opportunity Costs169
The Theory of the Competitive Firm171
Review and Practice172
Chapter 8Labor Markets175
The Labor Supply Decision175
Internet Connection: Labor Force Data176
Thinking Like an Economist: Trade-Offs179
Firms and the Demand for Labor181
Labor Supply, Demand, and the Equilibrium Wage184
Review and Practice186
AppendixIndifference Curves and the Labor Supply Decision188
Chapter 9Capital Markets191
Supply in the Capital Market191
Thinking Like an Economist: Wealth Distribution and Interest Rates197
Internet Connection: Household Saving198
Case in Point: Why Is the U.S. Saving Rate So Low?198
A Behavioral Perspective on Saving202
Education and Human Capital203
e-Insight: Financing the New Economy205
The Basic Competitive Model206
Review and Practice207
Appendix AIndifference Curves and the Saving Decision209
Appendix BCalculating Present Discounted Value211
Chapter 10The Efficiency of Competitive Markets215
Competitive Markets and Economic Efficiency216
Fundamentals of Competitive Markets 1218
Fundamentals of Competitive Markets 2219
Internet Connection: Digital Economist219
Efficiency221
Thinking Like an Economist: Exchange and Distribution224
Fundamentals of Competitive Markets 3225
General Equilibrium Analysis227
Thinking Like an Economist: Indirect Trade-Offs and Air Safety for Children228
Case in Point: The Labor Market and the Widening Wage Gap230
Case in Point: The Minimum Wage and General Equilibrium231
Looking Beyond the Basic Model234
Review and Practice235
Part 3Imperfect Markets237
Chapter 11Introduction to Imperfect Markets239
Extending the Basic Competitive Model240
Fundamentals of Imperfect Markets 1242
Imperfect Competition and Market Structure242
Internet Connection: The Federal Trade Commission245
International Perspective: Trade and Competition246
Fundamentals of Imperfect Markets 2246
Imperfect Information247
e-Insight: Information, Competition, and the Internet249
Fundamentals of Imperfect Markets 3251
Externalities252
Thinking Like an Economist: Incentives and the Environment253
Fundamentals of Imperfect Markets 4254
Public Goods254
Fundamentals of Imperfect Markets 5255
Looking Ahead256
Review and Practice257
Chapter 12Monopoly, Monopolistic Competition, and Oligopoly261
Monopoly Output261
Economies of Scale and Natural Monopolies267
International Perspective: South Africa, AIDS, and Price Discrimination268
Assessing the Degree of Competition270
e-Insight: Network Externalities, the New Economy, and Monopoly Power272
Equilibrium with Monopolistic Competition273
Oligopolies274
Internet Connection: Keeping Track of Oligopolies281
Thinking Like an Economist: Trade-Offs, American Airlines, and Predation283
The Importance of Imperfections in Competition284
Review and Practice285
Chapter 13Government Policies Toward Competition289
The Drawbacks of Monopolies and Limited Competition289
e-Insight: Using the Internet to Enhance Price Discrimination293
Policies Toward Natural Monopolies293
International Perspective: The Darker Side of Privatization296
Case in Point: California Electricity Deregulation298
Antitrust Policies299
Internet Connection: U.S. Department of Justice and Antitrust Laws301
Thinking Like an Economist: Incentives and the Remedy to the Microsoft Monopoly Problem302
Case in Point: Coke and Pepsi Play Merger306
Review and Practice308
Chapter 14Strategic Behavior311
Review of the Prisoner's Dilemma312
Strategic Behavior in More General Games316
International Perspective: Beggar-Thy-Neighbor Tariff Policies317
Internet Connection: The Zero-Sum Game Solver319
Repeated Games319
Internet Connection: The Prisoner's Dilemma321
Case in Point: Banking Panics322
Sequential Moves324
Thinking Like an Economist: Information and Thinking Strategically326
Time Inconsistency326
Review and Practice329
Chapter 15Imperfect Information in the Product Market333
The Market for Lemons and Adverse Selection333
The Incentive Problem337
Case in Point: Buying Health Insurance341
The Search Problem342
Thinking Like an Economist: Incentive and Information Problems in the Housing Market343
e-Insight: Information Technology and Middlemen344
Internet Connection: Job Search345
Advertising347
The Importance of Imperfect Information350
Review and Practice351
Chapter 16Imperfections in the Labor Market355
Labor Unions355
Internet Connection: Unions on the Internet358
Wage Differentials362
Motivating Workers364
Case in Point: Minimum Wages367
e-Insight: Labor Markets and the Internet369
Review and Practice371
Part 4Issues in Public Policy373
Chapter 17The Public Sector375
Why Does the Government Intervene in the Economy?377
International Perspective: The Size of Government in Different Countries377
e-Insight: The New Economy and Inequality381
The U.S. Tax System in Practice381
Transfers386
Designing Government Programs390
Government Failures391
Current and Recent Controversies in the Economics of the Public Sector395
Internet Connection: Policy Analysis400
Review and Practice401
Chapter 18Environmental Economics405
Negative Externalities and Oversupply405
Policy Responses to Problems in the Environment407
International Perspective: Global Warming408
Thinking Like an Economist: Environmental and Economic Trade-Offs410
Case in Point: Reducing Acid Rain414
Natural Resources416
Internet Connection: The National Center for Environmental Economics416
e-Insight: Information and the Environment418
Merit Goods and the Environment418
Review and Practice419
Chapter 19International Trade and Trade Policy423
Trade Between Countries423
Comparative Advantage426
Internet Connection: David Ricardo427
e-Insight: The United States' Comparative Advantage in the Internet Age429
The Perceived Costs of International Interdependence432
Thinking Like an Economist: Exchange and the Globalization Controversy432
Trade Policies434
International Perspective: Surrogate Countries and Canadian Golf Carts438
Political and Economic Rationale for Protection439
Thinking Like an Economist: Distribution and Trade Liberalization443
e-Insight: Trade Liberalization in Information Technology and Financial Services444
International Cooperation445
Case in Point: The Banana War447
Internet Connection: The World Trade Organization449
Review and Practice450
Chapter 20Technological Change453
Links Between Technological Change and Imperfect Competition454
e-Insight: The New Economy and Innovation455
Thinking Like an Economist: Intellectual Property Rights and Distribution456
Case in Point: Eli Whitney and the Cotton Gin460
Basic Research as a Public Good464
Government Promotion of Technological Progress465
Internet Connection: Competitiveness468
Technological Change and Economic Growth468
Review and Practice469
Chapter 21A Student's Guide to Investing473
Investment Alternatives474
Internet Connection: Calculating Interest Rates475
Internet Connection: Index Funds477
Desirable Attributes of Investments478
Case in Point: PG&E Employees Learn Why Diversification is Important480
e-Insight: Investing in the New Economy480
Expectations and the Market for Assets485

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