Existentialism Is a Humanismby Jean-Paul Sartre
Pub. Date: 07/28/2007
Publisher: Yale University Press
It was to correct common misconceptions about his thought that Jean-Paul Sartre, the most dominent European intellectual of the post-World War II decades, accepted an invitation to speak on October 29, 1945, at the Club Maintenant in Paris. The unstated objective of his lecture (“Existentialism Is a Humanism”) was to expound his philosophy as a
It was to correct common misconceptions about his thought that Jean-Paul Sartre, the most dominent European intellectual of the post-World War II decades, accepted an invitation to speak on October 29, 1945, at the Club Maintenant in Paris. The unstated objective of his lecture (“Existentialism Is a Humanism”) was to expound his philosophy as a form of “existentialism,” a term much bandied about at the time. Sartre asserted that existentialism was essentially a doctrine for philosophers, though, ironically, he was about to make it accessible to a general audience. The published text of his lecture quickly became one of the bibles of existentialism and made Sartre an international celebrity.
The idea of freedom occupies the center of Sartre’s doctrine. Man, born into an empty, godless universe, is nothing to begin with. He creates his essence—his self, his being—through the choices he freely makes (“existence precedes essence”). Were it not for the contingency of his death, he would never end. Choosing to be this or that is to affirm the value of what we choose. In choosing, therefore, we commit not only ourselves but all of mankind.
This book presents a new English translation of Sartre’s 1945 lecture and his analysis of Camus’s The Stranger, along with a discussion of these works by acclaimed Sartre biographer Annie Cohen-Solal. This edition is a translation of the 1996 French edition, which includes Arlette Elkaïm-Sartre’s introduction and a Q&A with Sartre about his lecture.
- Yale University Press
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- Anniversary Edition
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Table of Contents
Preface to the 1996 French Edition Arlette Elkaim-Sartre vii
Introduction Annie Cohen-Solal 3
Existentialism Is a Humanism 17
A Commentary on The Stranger 73
About the Author 103
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First, I must say that I am not a fan of existenialism. I read this book because I was curious about his lectures on the subject. I would claim that this book should be read by all philosophy students in order to give them a sense of realism by Sartre. If you are interested in the topic, I would recommend that you read "Being and Nothingness" first. This book is very comprehensive and easily understood.