Read an Excerpt
The expanded Bible
Explore the Depths of the Scriptures While You Read
By Tremper Longman III, Mark L. Strauss Daniel Taylor
Thomas NelsonCopyright © 2011 Thomas Nelson, Inc.
All rights reserved.
1 · In the beginning [or In the beginning when] God created [this Hebrew verb is used only when God is the one creating] the ·sky [heavens] and the earth. 2 ·The [or ... the] earth ·had no form and was empty [or was a formless void]. Darkness covered the ·ocean [deep], and ·God's Spirit [or a mighty wind] was ·moving [hovering] over the water.
3 Then God said, "Let there be light," and there was light. 4 God saw that the light was good, so he ·divided [separated] the light from the darkness. 5 God ·named [called] the light "day" and the darkness "night."
·Evening passed, and morning came [There was evening and there was morning; in the OT a day begins at nightfall]. This was the first day.
6 Then God said, "Let there be ·something to divide the water in two [La firmament/dome/expanse in the midst of the waters to separate/divide the waters from the waters]." 7 So God made the ·air [firmament; dome; expanse; rain clouds] and placed some of the water above the ·air [firmament; dome; expanse] and some below it [referring to the rain and the oceans, lakes, and rivers]. 8 God ·named [called] the ·air [firmament/dome/expanse] "·sky [heaven]." Evening passed, and morning came [1:5]. This was the second day.
9 Then God said, "Let the water under the ·sky [heavens] be gathered together so the dry land will appear." And it happened. 10 God ·named [called] the dry land "earth" and [he called] the water that was gathered together "seas." God saw that this was good.
11 Then God said, "Let the earth produce ·plants [vegetation]—some to make grain for seeds and ·others to make fruits with seeds in them. Every seed will produce more of its own kind of plant [fruit trees on earth bearing fruit according to its own kind/species that has seed in them]." And it happened. 12 The earth ·produced [brought forth] plants with grain for seeds and trees that made fruits with seeds in them. ·Each seed grew its own kind of plant [L ... according to its kind/species]. God saw that all this was good. 13 Evening passed, and morning came [1:5]. This was the third day.
14 Then God said, "Let there be lights in the ·sky [firmament/dome/ expanse of the heavens] to ·separate [divide] day from night. ·These lights will be used for [They will be] signs, seasons, days, and years. 15 They will be in the ·sky [firmament/dome/expanse] to give light to the earth." And it happened.
16 So God made the two ·large [great] lights. He made the ·brighter [greater] light to rule the day and made the ·smaller [lesser] light to rule the night. ·He also made the stars [L ... and the stars]. 17 God put all these in the sky to shine on the earth, 18 to rule over the day and over the night, and to ·separate [divide] the light from the darkness. God saw that all these things were good. 19 Evening passed, and morning came [1:5]. This was the fourth day.
20 Then God said, "Let the water ·be filled with living things [swarm with living creatures], and let birds fly in the ·air [firmament/dome/ expanse] above the earth."
21 So God created [1:1] the large sea ·animals [or monsters] and every living thing that ·moves [swarms] in the sea. The sea is filled with these living things, with each one ·producing more of its own kind [according to its kind/species]. He also ·made [or created; 1:1] every bird that flies, and each bird ·produced more of its own kind [according to its kind/species]. God saw that this was good. 22 God blessed them and said, "·Have many young ones so that you may grow in number [Be fruitful and multiply]. ·Fill [... and fill] the water of the seas, and let the birds ·grow in number [multiply] on the earth." 23 Evening passed, and morning came [1:5]. This was the fifth day.
24 Then God said, "Let the earth be filled with ·animals [living creatures], ·each producing more of its own kind [according to their kind/ species]. Let there be ·tame animals [beasts; livestock] and small crawling animals and wild animals, ·and let each produce more of its kind [according to their kind/species]." And it happened.
25 So God made the wild animals, the ·tame animals [beasts; livestock], and all the small crawling animals ·to produce more of their own kind [according to their kind/species]. God saw that this was good.
26 Then God said, "Let us make human beings in our image and likeness. And let them ·rule [have dominion] over the fish in the sea and the birds in the ·sky [heavens], over the ·tame animals [beasts; livestock], over all the earth, and over all the small crawling animals on the earth."
27 So God created [1:1] ·human beings [man; the Hebrew adam can mean human beings, humankind, person, man, or the proper name Adam] in his image [reflecting God's nature/character and representing him in the world]. In the image of God he created them. He created them male and female. 28 God blessed them and said [to them], "·Have many children and grow in number [Be fruitful and multiply]. ·Fill [... and fill] the earth and ·be its master [subdue it]. ·Rule [Have dominion] over the fish in the sea and over the birds in the ·sky [heavens] and over every living thing that moves on the earth."
29 God said, "Look, I have given you all the plants that have grain for seeds [Lon the face of the earth] and all the trees whose fruits have seeds in them. They will be food for you. 30 I have given all the green plants as food for every wild animal, every bird of the ·air [sky; heavens], and every small ·crawling [creeping] animal." And it happened. 31 God looked at everything he had made, and it was ·very [exceedingly] good. Evening passed, and morning came [1:5]. This was the sixth day.
2 So the ·sky [heavens], the earth, and all ·that filled them [their hosts] were ·finished [completed]. 2 By the seventh day God ·finished [completed] the work he had been doing, so he ·rested [or ceased] from all his work [he had done]. 3 God blessed the seventh day and ·made it a holy day [consecrated it; set it apart], because on that day he ·rested [or ceased] from all the work he had done in creating [1:1] the world.
4 ·This is the story [These are the generations; introduces a new section of the book; see also 5:1; 6:9; 10:1; 11:10, 27; 25:12, 19; 36:1, 9] of the creation of the ·sky [heavens] and the earth. When the ·Lord God [Yahweh Elohim; Elohim is the common term for God; Lord (capital letters) represents the divine name YHWH, usually pronounced "Yahweh"; see Ex. 3:14–15] first made the earth and the ·sky [heavens], 5 there were still no plants on the earth. Nothing was growing in the fields because the Lord God had not yet made it rain on the land. And there was no person to ·care for [or till; work] the ground, 6 but a ·mist [or stream] would rise up from the earth and water all the ground.
7 Then the Lord God took dust from the ground and formed a man from it [there is wordplay between "ground" (adama) and "man" (adam)]. He breathed the breath of life into the man's nose, and the man became a living person. 8 ·Then the Lord God [or The Lord God had] planted a garden in the east [probably east of Palestine], in a place called Eden [related to a word meaning "luxurious"], and put the man he had formed into it. 9 The Lord God caused every ·beautiful [desirous to see] tree and every tree that was good for food to grow out of the ground. In the middle of the garden, God put the tree ·that gives life [of life] and also the tree ·that gives the knowledge [of the knowledge] of good and evil.
10 A river flowed through Eden and watered the garden. From there the river ·branched out [divides] to become four ·rivers [heads]. 11 The first river, named Pishon [otherwise unknown], flows around the whole land of Havilah [otherwise unknown], where there is gold. 12 The gold of that land is excellent. Bdellium [Ca sweet-smelling resin like myrrh] and onyx [a precious stone] are also found there. 13 The second river, named Gihon [a small stream in Jerusalem (1 Kin. 1:33), but here perhaps referring to another river], flows around the whole land of Cush [often referring to Ethiopia, but here likely a place in Mesopotamia; see 10:7]. 14 The third river, named Tigris [Ca major river in Mesopotamia], flows out of Assyria [in northern Mesopotamia (present-day Iraq)] toward the east. The fourth river is the Euphrates [Ca major river in Mesopotamia; the location of Eden is uncertain, but this passage suggests Mesopotamia].
15 The Lord God [took and] put ·the man [or Adam; 1:27] in the garden of Eden to ·care for [or till] it and ·work [take care of; look after] it. 16 The Lord God commanded him, "You may eat the fruit from ·any tree [or all the trees] in the garden, 17 but you must not eat the fruit from the tree ·which gives the [of the] knowledge of good and evil [eating from this tree would make Adam, not God, the determiner of right and wrong]. If you ever eat fruit from that tree, you will [certainly] die!"
18 Then the Lord God said, "It is not good for the man to be alone. I will make a helper [in the sense of a partner or ally; the word does not imply subordinate status; see Ps. 79:9] who ·is right for [is suitable for; corresponds with] him."
19 From the ground God formed every ·wild animal [animal of the field] and every bird in the ·sky [heavens], and he brought them to the man ·so the man could name them [to see what he would call them]. Whatever the man called each living thing, that became its name. 20 The man gave names to all the ·tame animals [beasts; livestock], to the birds in the ·sky [heavens], and to all the ·wild animals [animals of the field]. But ·Adam [or the man; 1:27] did not find a helper that was right for him [2:18]. 21 So the Lord God caused ·the man to sleep very deeply [La deep sleep to fall on the man/Adam], and while he was asleep, God removed one of the man's ·ribs [or sides]. Then God closed up the man's skin at the place where he took the ·rib [or side]. 22 The Lord God used the ·rib [or side] from the man to ·make [build; construct] a woman, and then he brought the woman to the man.
23 And the man said,
"·Now, this is someone whose bones came from my bones, whose body came from my body [At last, this is bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh].
·I will call her [She will be called] 'woman [Hebrew 'ishshah],' because she was taken out of man [Hebrew 'ish]."
24 So a man will leave his father and mother [in the sense of a new primary loyalty] and be united with his wife, and the two will become one ·body [flesh].
25 The man and his wife were naked, but they were not ashamed.
3 Now the ·snake [serpent] was the most ·clever [shrewd; cunning; crafty] of all the wild animals the Lord God had made. One day the snake said to the woman, "Did God really say that you must not eat fruit from any tree in the garden?"
2 The woman answered the snake [3:1], "We may eat fruit from the trees in the garden. 3 But God told us, 'You must not eat fruit from the tree that is in the middle of the garden [the tree of the knowledge of good and evil]. You must not even touch it [Eve was adding to the divine command], or you will die.' "
4 But the snake [3:1] said to the woman, "You will [most certainly] not die. 5 [For] God knows that if you eat ·the fruit from that tree [from it], [your eyes will be opened and] you will ·learn about [experience; know about] good and evil and you will be like God!"
6 The woman saw that the tree was ·beautiful [pleasing to the eyes], that its fruit was good ·to eat [for food], and that it would make her wise. So she took some of its fruit and ate it. She also gave some of the fruit to her husband who was with her [apparently he was present but silent while the woman spoke to the snake], and he ate it.
7 Then, ·it was as if their eyes [the eyes of both of them] were opened. They ·realized [knew] they were naked, so they sewed fig leaves together and made ·something to cover [loincloths for] themselves [Rom. 5:12–21].
8 Then they heard the [sound of the] Lord God walking in the garden during the cool part of the day, and the man and his wife hid from the Lord God among the trees in the garden. 9 But the Lord God called to the man and said, "Where are you?"
10 The man answered, "I heard ·you walking in the garden [your voice/ sound], and I was afraid because I was naked, so I hid."
11 ·God [He] asked, "Who told you that you were naked? Did you eat fruit from the tree from which I commanded you not to eat?"
12 The man said, "You gave this woman to me and she gave me fruit from the tree, so I ate it."
13 Then the Lord God said to the woman, "·How could you have done such a thing [What is this you have done]?"
She answered, "The snake ·tricked [deceived; 1 Tim. 2:14] me, so I ate the fruit."
14 The Lord God said to the ·snake [serpent], "Because you did this, a curse will be put on you. You will be cursed as no other animal, ·tame [beasts; livestock] or ·wild [of the field], will ever be. You will ·crawl [go] on your ·stomach [belly], and you will eat dust all the days of your life. 15 I will ·make you and the woman enemies to each other [place hostility/enmity between you and the woman]. Your ·descendants [seed] and her ·descendants [seed] will be enemies. ·One of her descendants [He] will crush your head, and you will ·bite [strike; bruise; crush] his heel [Rom. 16:20; Rev. 12:9]." 16 Then God said to the woman, "I will ·cause you to have much trouble [or increase your pain] ·when you are pregnant [in childbearing], and when you give birth to children, you will have great pain. You will greatly desire [the word implies a desire to control; 4:7] your husband, but he will rule over you." 17 Then God said to ·the man [or Adam; 1:27], "You listened to what your wife said, and you ate fruit from the tree from which I commanded you not to eat. "·So I will put a curse on [Cursed is] the ground, and you will have to ·work very hard [toil; labor] for your food. In pain you will eat its food all the days of your life. 18 The ground will produce thorns and ·weeds [thistles] for you, and you will eat the plants of the field. 19 ·You will sweat and work hard for [By the sweat of your brow you will eat] your food. Later you will return to the ground, because you were taken from it. You are dust, and ·when you die, you will return to the dust [to dust you will return; 1 Cor. 15:21–22, 40–45]." 20 The man named his wife Eve [the name derives from an early form of the verb "to live"], because she was the mother of all the living.
21 The Lord God made clothes from animal skins for ·the man [or Adam; 1:27] and his wife and dressed them. 22 Then the Lord God said, "Humans have become like one of us [referring to the supernatural heavenly beings, God and the angels]; they know good and evil. We must keep them from [putting forth their hand and taking and] eating some of the fruit from the tree of life, or they will live forever." 23 So the Lord God ·forced [expelled] Adam out of the garden of Eden to ·work [till; or care for; 2:5] the ground from which he was taken. 24 After God ·forced [drove] humans out of the garden, he placed ·angels [cherubim; particularly powerful spiritual beings] and a sword of fire that flashed around in every direction on its eastern border. ·This kept people from getting [... to guard the way] to the tree of life.
Excerpted from The expanded Bible by Tremper Longman III, Mark L. Strauss Daniel Taylor. Copyright © 2011 Thomas Nelson, Inc.. Excerpted by permission of Thomas Nelson.
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