Expanding Horizons in Bioethics / Edition 1

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Overview

What are the resources and needs, the strengths and the vulnerabilities of patients, of society, or of nature? How do we evaluate the societal potential of scientific discovery?

It is fairly well assured that we are influencing the terms of existence of many inhabitants of this planet, from flora to fauna to humans. Moreover, history has shown that while technologies can be used neutrally, they can be (and have been) used to the great benefit – or the great detriment – of human life and the fate of the world as a whole. How various types of knowledge and technological ability will be deployed is up to us, individually and collectively. How such information and ability should be deployed, and for what reasons, are questions at the core of bioethical inquiry. These are the "expanding horizons in bioethics" to which this volume refers.

This volume is comprised of fourteen essays. It is a rare gathering of scholarly opinion, featuring well-known experts from a diversity of disciplines. The topics addressed are of immediate concern to the public. The essays ask questions about human nature, genetic technologies, reproductive rights, human subjects research, and environmental issues – all in provocative and challenging new ways. Yet the themes that emerge throughout the volume are of enduring interest to anyone concerned about the interactions of scientific development, ethics, and society.

This volume is of interest to students and teachers of bioethics and related topics, as well as to professionals working in these disciplines.

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Editorial Reviews

From The Critics
Reviewer: Lisa Judy Chin, MPH, JD (Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons)
Description: This is an anthology of 14 essays by noted scholars from various disciplines that address topics of immediate concern to the public, such as human subject research, reproductive technologies, and the environment.
Purpose: The purpose is to expose the reader to a cross-section of bioethical debates as defined by a group of noted scholars who are noted specialists in their fields, as well as being familiar with the bioethics ramifications. While it examines various topics (e.g., research regulation, reproductive technologies, genomics) that would be covered in a basic textbook about bioethics, this book goes beyond a basic primer. The discussions set forth in the various essays are to assist the reader to think broadly about the current bioethics issues in debate.
Audience: The authors believe that the book would be of value to anyone who is concerned with the interactions between scientific development, ethics, and society. As such, the book would be of interest to students and scholars in the area of ethics of science, as well as in bioethics and environmental ethics. The editors, Arthur Galston PhD, an emeritus professor of biology at Yale, and Christine Peppard, a graduate student in Ethics at Yale Divinity School are affiliated with the Yale University's Interdisciplinary Bioethics Project. The essays are a compilation of manuscripts in association with a series of lectures for the Bioethics and Public Policy Seminar at the Yale University's Institution for Social and Policy Studies from 2000-2004.
Features: The book is composed of three sections: Science and Society; Medical Ethics; and Environmental Ethics. In the Science and Society section, there is significant discussion about current status of human subject research. Of particular interest is Gunsalus's essay on the impact of current human subject research regulation on humanistic research. In the Medical Ethics section, an essay by Rosenberg examines the issue of selective use of health statistics and its ethical implications. Another significant feature is the attention devoted to the environmental ethics — a critical feature in this work.
Assessment: The essays compiled in this book provide thoughtful analysis of ethical debates about issues that have long been part of the bioethics landscape, such as research regulation and reproductive technologies, but also include ethical issues around the use of health data to establish policy and the impact of environmental action and policies on society. The book provides a reader with a larger picture of the issues at stake but also what needs to be considered.

4 Stars! from Doody
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781402030611
  • Publisher: Springer Netherlands
  • Publication date: 10/30/2007
  • Edition description: 2005
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 256
  • Product dimensions: 9.21 (w) x 6.14 (h) x 0.69 (d)

Table of Contents

Contributors. Acknowledgements. Preface, Arthur Galston. Introduction, Christiana Peppard. I. Science and Society.
The Past, Present and Future of Human Nature, Samuel Gorovitz. Unethical Contexts for Ethical Questions, David Ehrenfeld. Human Subject Protections: Some Thoughts on Costs and Benefits in the Humanistic Disciplines, C. Kristina Gunsalus. Secret State Experiments and Medical Ethics, Jonathan Moreno. Cross-Cultural Considerations in Medical Ethics: The Case of Human Subjects Research, Marcia Angell. II. Medical Ethics.
Reproductive Rights and Health in the Developing World, Ruth Macklin. Genetic Testing of Human Embryos: Ethical Challenges and Policy Choices, Kathy Hudson, Susannah Baruch & Gail Javitt. Choosing Our Children: The Uneasy Alliance of Law and Ethics in John Robertson’s Thought, Karen Lebacqz. The Heart Disease Epidemic That Wasn't: Lessons Learned from Death Certificate Statistics, Harry M. Rosenberg. Recent History of End-of-Life Care and Implications for the Future, James Flory & Ezekiel Emanuel. III. Environmental Ethics.
The Pragmatic Power and Promise of Theoretical Environmental Ethics: Forging a New Discourse, J. Baird Callicott. The Expanding Circle and Moral Community—Naturally Speaking, Chalmers Clark. Science, Conservation and Global Security, George M. Woodwell. Energy, Technology and Climate: Running Out of Gas, David Goodstein. Index.

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