Expectations of Equality: A History of Black Westerners

Overview

In this concise and engaging new volume, the latest in ourgrowing Western History Series, Professor Broussard examines howAfrican Americans over the course of nearly five centuriesattempted to find their place in the states and territories west ofthe ninety-eighth meridian. Although black westerners, like whiteimmigrants or native-born whites, defy easy characterizationbecause they came to the West for a variety of reasons, blacks haveshared certain commonalities with these groups. The majority ofAfrican ...

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Overview

In this concise and engaging new volume, the latest in ourgrowing Western History Series, Professor Broussard examines howAfrican Americans over the course of nearly five centuriesattempted to find their place in the states and territories west ofthe ninety-eighth meridian. Although black westerners, like whiteimmigrants or native-born whites, defy easy characterizationbecause they came to the West for a variety of reasons, blacks haveshared certain commonalities with these groups. The majority ofAfrican Americans who settled in the West saw the region as a placewhere they could fashion a better life for themselves or theirfamilies. Some naively viewed the West as an oasis, a place free ofracial or class restrictions. While many white immigrants,native-born whites, Hispanics, and Asians also saw the West as aplace of opportunity, the experiences of African Americans differedprofoundly from whites, people who never faced such a pervasivepattern of discrimination based solely on their race.

In addition to covering central themes and important figures,Expectations of Equality tells the stories of every-day AfricanAmerican men and women, persons who lived in the West from theearly 1500s until the turn of the twenty-first century. Many ofthem led ordinary lives that are difficult to reconstruct indetail–working, raising families, attending church, andeducating their children. Yet some of them forged colorful careersas scouts and mountain men, Buffalo Soldiers, businesswomen,athletes, activists, and politicians, their stories helping to makeExpectations of Equality the perfect choice as supplementaryreading—not only for courses in the history of the U.S. West,but also for survey courses in United States and African Americanhistory.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
“A very readable work, one that combines the humaninterest of biography with discussions of broad trends. Itsbibliographies provide a foundation for deeper study. It would beuseful as the black text in a multi-cultural U.S. or westernhistory course.”  (Lawrence B. de Graaf, TeachingHistory, Fall 2012)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780882952840
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 2/21/2012
  • Edition description: 1
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 247
  • Sales rank: 1,101,372
  • Product dimensions: 5.50 (w) x 8.30 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Meet the Author

Albert S. Broussard is professor of History and theCornerstone Faculty Fellow in the department of History at TexasA&M University. A former president of the Oral HistoryAssociation, he has published Black San Francisco: The Strugglefor Racial Equality in the West, 1900—1954 (1993) and AfricanAmerican Odyssey: The Stewarts, 1853-1963 (1998).

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments ix

Introduction xi

Suggested Readings xvii

CHAPTER ONE Black Settlers 1

New Spain 3

Hawaii 7

California 8

Texas 11

Employment: opportunity and Restrictions 17

Civil War 20

Suggested Readings 25

CHAPTER TWO The Era of Reconstruction 26

Education 28

Politics 31

The End of Reconstruction 38

Buffalo Soldiers 40

Cowboys 46

Farmers 48

African American Communities 51

Women 54

Conclusion57

Suggested Readings 58

CHAPTER THREE Urban Communities, 1910—1940 60

Employment 62

The Entertainment Industry 68

African American Businesses 71

Housing 72

World War I 74

Racial Tensions 76

Struggles for Justice 78

The Great Depression 84

Conclusion 93

Suggested Readings 94

CHAPTER FOUR World War II 96

On the Move, In Search of Work 97

Civil Rights and the Military 106

Challenging Discrimination on the Job 115

Fighting Discrimination in Housing 118

Conclusion 126

Suggested Readings 127

CHAPTER FIVE New Expectations, New Frustrations,1945—1970 129

Postwar Opportunity 130

Civil Rights 132

Sports and Entertainment 148

Urban Violence 155

Black Power 160

Conclusion 164

Suggested Readings 165

CHAPTER SIX The Modern Era: The Search for Equity 167

Political Success 168

Socioeconomic Challenges 173

Education 180

Social Marginalization 185

Conclusion 193

Suggested Readings 194

Epilogue 195

Bibliographical Essay 202

Index 238

Photographs follow pages 59, 166

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