Experience Sampling Method: Measuring the Quality of Everyday Life / Edition 1

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Experience Sampling Method: Measuring the Quality of Everyday Life is the first book to bring together the theoretical foundations and practical applications of this indispensable methodology. Authors Joel M. Hektner, Jennifer A. Schmidt, and Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi provide fascinating information for anyone interested in how people go about their daily lives.

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Editorial Reviews

Susan L. Trumbetta
"This book provides interesting reading for students in research method courses and belongs on the must-read list of investigators who are considering the application of ESM to their own research."
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781412925570
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications
  • Publication date: 8/28/2006
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 368
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

Joel M. Hektner is an Associate Professor in Human Development and Family Science at North Dakota State University. He holds a Ph.D. in Psychology: Human Development from the University of Chicago and an A.B. in psychology from Princeton University. Before arriving at NDSU, Hektner was a research scientist in child and adolescent psychiatry at the University of Minnesota. He has used ESM to study the developmental implications of longitudinal changes in adolescent experiences of flow and has written chapters on ESM in several books. In collaboration with students, he has conducted ESM studies of college students, adolescents in residential treatment, and LGB emerging adults. His research interests primarily involve family and peer factors that promote optimal development and evaluations of preventive interventions for antisocial behavior. He is presently working on strategies to strengthen positive peer culture among elementary and middle school children, and to promote more positive parent-child relations.

Jennifer Schmidt is Assistant Professor of Educational Psychology at Northern Illinois University. She earned her Ph.D. in Psychology: Human Development from the University of Chicago. Her current research focuses on resilience, motivation, and adolescent engagement in daily challenges. She has been conducting research involving the Experience Sampling Method (ESM) for over 10 years. Dr. Schmidt is former Director of Research at the Alfred P. Sloan Center on Parents, Children, and Work at the University of Chicago, where she directed an ESM study involving parents and children from 500 families across the United States. Her work to date has involved samples of children, adolescents, and adults. She has conducted ESM research within the context of families, elementary schools, middle schools, and high schools. Dr. Schmidt has trained national and international teams of researchers in ESM study design, administration and analysis.

Dr. Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi is the Director of the Quality of Life Research Center at the Claremont Graduate School (CGU). His research interests include creativity and innovation, flow and motivation, leadership, work satisfaction, happiness, ethics in business and professions and school-to-work transitions. Dr. Csikszentmihalyi came to the Drucker School at CGU after spending over twenty years at the University of Chicago where he was a Professor of Human Development. He co-founded the "Positive Psychology" movement in The American Psychological Association.

Professor Csikszentmihalyi has written numerous articles and his books include the best-selling Flow, Being Adolescent, The Evolving Self, and Creativity. He is a member of the American Academy of Education, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the National Academy of Leisure Sciences.

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Table of Contents

List of Tables and Figures
Part I: The Origins of ESM
Chapter 1: Epistemological Foundations for the Measurement of Experience
A Systematic Phenomenology
The Experience Sampling Method
A Brief History
How Trustworthy Are Subjective Self-Reports?
What Can We Learn From ESM?
Chapter 2: Theoretical Foundations of ESM
Biology, Culture, and Daily Behavior
Subjective Experience in Context: The Interplay of Psychological Processes and Cognitive Functions
Interaction of Individuals and Environments
Experience Fluctuations, Well-Being, and Development
A Theoretical Compass for Exploring Experience
Part II: How to Measure the Quality of Everyday Life
Chapter 3: Collecting the Data
Designing a Study Using ESM
Equipment and Signaling Schedules
Designing the Form
Other Design Decisions
Implementing the Study
Chapter 4: Dealing With the Data: Coding, Entry, Cleaning, and Data Management
Developing a Codebook
Coding the External Coordinates of Experience
Conding the Internal Coordinates of Experience
What to Do With the Codes Once They Are Developed: Physically Coding and Entering the Data
Setup, Cleaning, and Manipulation of Data Files
Response-Level Data and Person-Level Data
Postentry Data Manipulation
Data File Management and Documentation
Chapter 5: Types of Analyses
Qualitative Approaches
Graphic and Numeric Descriptive Information
Planning for Statistical Analyses
OLS Statistical Techniques
Multilevel and Other Complex Statistical Techniques
Chapter 6: Psychometrics of ESM Data
Validity of Method
Validity of ESM Measurements
Reliability of ESM Measurements
Part III: Uses of ESM in Social Science Research
Chapter 7: Samples of Experience
The Who, What, Where, When, and How of Daily Experiences
Quality of Experience in Selected Activities
Quality of Experience of Selected Groups of People
Emotions, Well-Being, and Flow
Chapter 8: The Experience of Males and Females
Differences in Activities
Differences in Companionship
Similiarities and Differences in Emotional Experience
Other Gender Differences in Adolescence
Chapter 9: The Experience of Family Life
Methodological Concerns and Variations
The Couple Relationship
The Arrival of the First Child
Juggling Work and Family Roles
The Adolescent's Experience of Family
Transmission of Emotions Between Family Members
Comparisons Between Families: Optimal Conditions for Adolescent Development
Chapter 10: The Experience of Work
Methodological Concerns and Variations
Time and Work
The Quality of Experience at Work: General Trends
The Quality of Experience Across Workers
The Quality of Experience Across Work Activities
The Intersection of Work and Family
The Experience of Unemployment
Adolescent Work
Chapter 11: Examining Cross-Cultural Differences
Methodological Concerns and Variations
Culture and Time Use
Cross-Cultural Variation in General Affective Experience
Culture and Subjective Experience in Various Activities
Cross-Cultural Examination of Flow
Studies of American Subcultures
Chapter 12: Educational Applications
Methodological Concerns and Variations
Time Use and Structure of Classrooms
The Quality of Students' Classroom Experiences
Comparing Students' Classroom Experiences
After-School Programs
Studies of Adult Learners
The Experience of Teachers
Chapter 13: Clinical Applications
Methodological Concerns and Variations
Use of ESM for Describing and Contextualizing Experiences of Disorder
Use of ESM in Therapy and in Treatment Evaluation
Concluding Thoughts
Ten Major Issues ESM Illuminates
Appendix A: Sample ESM Data Collection Forms (ESFs)
Appendix B: ESM Coding Scheme Used in the Sloan Study of Youth and Social Development
About the Authors

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