Experiencing Cities / Edition 2

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For undergraduate and graduate courses in urban sociology.

A social psychological perspective informed by political economy encourages sociological understanding of the city and suburb in the past and in the contemporary world.

Experiencing Cities is an introduction to urban sociology based heavily on microsociology and symbolic interaction theory–emphasizing the way people experience the urban world in their everyday lives, interact with one another, and create meaning from the physical and human environments of their cities.

Note: MySearchLab does not come automatically packaged with this text. To purchase MySearchLab, please visit: www.mysearchlab.com or you can purchase a ValuePack of the text + MySearchLab with Pearson eText (at no additional cost). ValuePack ISBN-10: 0205863647 / ValuePack ISBN-13: 9780205863648

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

Thank you to our reviewers!

Donna Bird, University of Southern Maine

Walter Carroll, Bridgewater State College

Peter Grahame, Pennsylvania State University- Schuylkill

Mark Hardt, Montana State University-Billings

"The text emphasizes some areas -- such as the city as a work of art -- that other texts ignore. I have a very favorable overall impression of this material. To my mind, this is the strongest of the urban sociology texts available."

Walter Carroll, Bridgewater State College

“It is accessible, informative, and has good depth. The scope of information covered is considerable, and yet remains comprehensive and organized.”

Mark Hardt, Montana State University, Billings

“My overall impressions are very positive. The synthesis of interactionism and political economy seems the right way to go.”

Peter Grahame, Pennsylvania State University, Schuylkill

“I liked this textbook, the students in the class liked the textbook; in fact, I received a number of totally unsolicited thumbs ups on this book over the course of the semester. It's well-written and well-organized, interesting to read.”

Donna Bird, University of Southern Maine

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780205816859
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Publication date: 3/1/2011
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 496
  • Sales rank: 270,877
  • Product dimensions: 6.90 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Mark Hutter is a professor of sociology at Rowan University and has served as coordinator of the Bantivoglio Honors Program. He teaches and has an active and ongoing research agenda in both urban studies and family sociology and has extensively published and presented papers in these areas. He is the author of The Changing Family 3rd ed (Allyn and Bacon, 1998) and the editor of The Family Experience 4th ed (Allyn & Bacon, 2004). His scholarship and pedagogical involvement in the field of family studies has received international recognition with the award of the National Council on Family Relations’ Jan Trost Award for Outstanding Contributions to Comparative Family Studies in 2004. He is a past president of the Society for the Study of Symbolic Interaction and Alpha Kappa Delta, the International Sociology Honor Society.
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Table of Contents





Chapter 1: Introduction to Experiencing Cities

Chapter 2: The Emergence of Cities

Chapter 3: The Industrial Revolution and the Rise of Urban Sociology

Chapter 4: Chicago School: Urbanism and Urban Ecology

Chapter 5: Urban Planning

Chapter 6: Urban Political Economy, The New Urban Sociology, and The Power of Place

Chapter 7: The City as a Work of Art

Chapter 8: The Skyscraper as Icon

Chapter 9: Experiencing Strangers and the Quest for Public Order

Chapter 10: “Seeing” Disorder and the Ecology of Fear

Chapter 11: Urban Enclaves and Ghettos: Social Policies

Chapter 12: Gender in the City

Chapter 13: City Families and Kinship Patterns

Chapter 14: Downtown Stores: Shopping as Community Activity

Chapter 15: Baseball and Basketball as Urban Drama

Chapter 16: The Suburbanization of America

Chapter 17: Social Capital and Healthy Places

Chapter 18: Experiencing World Cities




Part One · Historical Developments

1 Introduction to Experiencing Cities

The Urban World

Civilization and Cities

Microlevel Sociology and Macrolevel Sociology and Experiencing Cities

Symbolic Interactionism and the Study of City Life

W. I. Thomas: The Definition of the Situation

Robert E. Park: The City as a State of Mind

Anselm L. Strauss: Images of the City

Lyn Lofland: The World of Strangers and the Public Realm

Experiencing Cities through Symbolic Interactionism

Growing Up in the City: A Personal Odyssey

2 The Emergence of Cities

The Origin of Cities

The Agricultural Revolution

The Urban Revolution

Sumerian Cities

Trade Theory and the Origin of Cities

Social and Cultural Factors and the Emergence, Development, and Decline of Early Cities

Religion in Early Cities

3 The Industrial Revolution and the Rise of Urban Sociology

The Industrial Revolution and Nineteenth-Century European Cities

Manchester: The Shock City of the Mid-Nineteenth Century

The Ideal Type: Community and Interpersonal Relationships

The Ideal Type: Rural and City Life

Henry Sumner Maine and Ferdinand Tönnies

Emile Durkheim

Max Weber

Simmel: Metropolis and Mental Life

Part Two · Disciplinary Perspectives

4 Chicago School : Urbanism and Urban Ecology

Chicago: The Shock City of the Early Twentieth Century

The Chicago School and Social Disorganization

Robert E. Park: Urbanism

The Chicago School and Urbanism

Louis Wirth: Urbanism as a Way of Life

Gans: Urbanism and Suburbanism as Ways of Life

Claude Fischer’s Subcultural Theory

The Chicago School and Urban Ecology

Ernest Burgess and the Concentric Zone Hypothesis

Modifications of the Concentric Zone Hypothesis: Hoyt’s Sector Model, Harris and Ullman’s Multiple Nuclei Model, and

Shevky and Bell’s Social Area Analysis

Walter Firey: Sentiment and Symbolism as Ecological Variables

Symbolic Interactionism and City Life: Summary Statement

5 Urban Planning

Burnham and the City Beautiful

Ebenezer Howard: The Garden City Movement

Radburn, New Jersey, and the Greenbelt Town of the 1930s

The Three Magnets Revisited

Wright’s Broadacre City

Le Corbusier: Cities Without Streets

Futurama: General Motors and the 1939–40 New York World’s Fair

Robert Moses: The Power Broker—New York City and Portland, Oregon

Edmund N. Bacon: The Redevelopment of Philadelphia

Jane Jacobs: The Death and Life of Great American Cities


6 Urban Political Economy, The New Urban Sociology, and The Power of Place

Urban Political Economy

David Harvey’s Baltimore

From Chicago to LA: The LA School

Edge Cities


Culture of Heteropolis

City as Theme Park

Fortified City

Interdictory Spaces

Historical Geographies of Restructuring

Fordist versus Post-Fordist Regimes of Accumulation and Regulation


Politics of Nature

The New Urban Sociology: The Growth Machine and the Sociospatial Perspective

Sharon Zukin: “Whose Culture? Whose City?”

Urban Imagery, Power, and the Symbolic Meaning of Place

The Politics of Place and Collective Memory

The Power of Place Project: Los Angeles

Independence Hall, the National Park Service, and the Reinterpretation of History

Part Three · City Imagery and the Social Psychology of City Life

7 The City as a Work of Art

Paris and the Impressionists

New York City and the Ashcan School

Mural Art as Street and Community Art

Philadelphia’s Mural Arts Program

The Murals of Los Angeles

The Art Museum as a Community Resource: Detroit Institute of Arts

8 The Skyscraper as Icon

New York City

The Singer Building

The Metropolitan Life Insurance Building

The Municipal Office Building

The Woolworth Building


Hong Kong

The Attack on the World Trade Center and the Media Response

From Civic Criticism to Sentimental Icon: A Brief History

“World Trade Center” by David Lehman

The Future: How Do You Reconstruct an Icon?

The “Ground Zero” Mosque

Part Four · The Social Psychology of City Life

9 Experiencing Strangers and the Quest for Public Order

The Private Realm, the Parochial Realm, and the Public Realm

Strangers and the “Goodness” of the Public Realm

Cheers: “Where Everybody Knows Your Name”

Elijah Anderson: The Cosmopolitan Canopy

Anonymity and the Quest for Social Order

William H. Whyte: Public Spaces—Rediscovering the Center

Sharon Zukin: The Battle for Bryant Park

Elijah Anderson: On Being “Streetwise”

Flash Mobs

10 “Seeing” Disorder and the Ecology of Fear

The Decline of Civility in the Public Realm

African Americans and the Exclusion from the Public Realm

Wilson and Kelling: Broken Windows

Mitchell Duneier: Street People and Broken Windows

The Criminalization of Poverty

Mike Davis: The Ecology of Fear and the Fortressing of America

Surveillance of the Street

Sampson and Raudenbush: “Seeing” Disorder and the Social Construction of “Broken Windows”

Part Five · City People

11 Urban Enclaves and Ghettos: Social Policies

Ghetto and Enclave

White Ethnic Enclaves

African American Ghettos

Assimilation versus Hypersegregation

Urban Renewal and Urban Removal

Project Living in Public Housing

Stuyvesant Town

Gentrification and the Quest for Authenticity

Hollow City: The Gentrification of San Francisco


12 Gender in the City

Gender and Public Space

Etiquette: Governing Gender in the Public Sphere

Gender Harassment in the Public Sphere

Gays and Lesbians in the City

Urban Tribes, Gays, and the Creative Class

Nightlife as Frontier

Jobs Move to Where People Are: Meet Me in St. Louis

13 City Families and Kinship Patterns

The Public World of the Preindustrial Family

The Industrial City and the Rise of the Private Family

The Rise of the Suburbs, the Cult of Domesticity, and the Private Family

The City and the Rediscovery of the Family and Urban Kinship Patterns

Urban Kinship Networks and the African American Family

Mexican Americans in Urban Barrios

The Suburban Working-Class and Middle-Class Family

The Dispersal of Kin and Kin-Work

Part Six · City Places

14 Downtown Stores: Shopping as Community Activity

The Downtown Department Store

Neighborhood Stores and Community Identification

Suburbia, the Mall, and the Decline of Downtown Shopping

Whose Stores? Whose Neighborhood?

New Immigrants, the Revitalization of Inner-City Stores, and the Rise of the Consumer City

Money Has No Smell: African Street Vendors and International Trade

The Gentrification of the U Street Corridor

15 Baseball and Basketball as Urban Drama

An Urban Game

Boosterism and Civic Pride

Spectators and Fan(atic)s

Image Building Through Technology and Newspapers

The National Pastime

A Spectacular Public Drama: Place and Collective Memory

Basketball: The New City Game

Part Seven · The Urban World

16 The Suburbanization of America

Nineteenth-Century Garden-Cemeteries and Parks: Precursors of Suburbia

Suburbs: The Bourgeois Utopia

Race, Suburbs, and City

Gated Communities

Suburbs and Morality

Edge Cities and Urban Sprawl

New Urbanism

From Front Porch to Backyard to Front Porch: An Assessment

17 S ocial Capital and Healthy Places

Robert Putnam: Bowling Alone

The Internet and Virtual Communities

Chicago’s 1995 Heat Wave

The Paris Heat Wave

Low Ground, High Ground: New Orleans and Hurricane Katrina 2005

Postscript: Disaster Tourism, Politics and the Reshaping of New Orleans

18 Experiencing World Cities

World Urbanization

Modernization Theory and Global Urbanization

Development Theory: An Alternative Perspective

Cities, the Global Economy, and Inequality

World Cities, World Systems Theory, and the Informational Revolution

Squatter Settlements

Paris: Riots in Suburban Housing Projects




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