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Expertise Out of Context: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Naturalistic Decision Making

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More About This Textbook


This volume contains papers from the Sixth International Conference on Naturalistic Decision Making, which was held in Pensacola in May 2003. The title is a play on the title of a previous volume edited by R. Hoffman (et al.), Expertise in Context, which was aimed primarily at the cognitive science and artificial intelligence communities. Expertise Out of Context takes expertise studies into the NDM arena, and asks about what happens when expertise is stretched in one way or another. "Out-of" contexts include: the workplace as a constantly moving target, the team as a constantly changing mix of people and cultures, and the challenge to NDM researchers of learning to be "expert apprentices." This volume also has a few excellent chapters on broader theoretical and methodological issues, and tools for thinking out of context.

It might be said that all of the chapters represent some maturation in the field of Expertise Studies and in the community of practice known as Naturalistic Decision Making. No longer concerned with demonstrating the defining features of experts versus novices (e.g., knowledge base, reasoning strategies, etc.), we are now looking at challenges to expertise, both for domain practitioners and for ourselves as cognitive task analysis/NDM researchers. The field of Expertise Studies remains a fascinating one, rife with challenges for naturalistic investigation.

Though linked to the theme of Naturalistic Decision Making, this volume will be of interest to the Judgment and Decision Making community, and the community of Human Factors. In addition, given the strong emphasis on applied research that is inherent in the NDM approach, this volume will be of interest toresearchers in government, the military, and the private sector. Most of the chapters will be appropriate reading at the advanced undergraduate and graduate levels, as well as being appropriate for practitioner-professionals.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780805855104
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 5/18/2007
  • Series: Expertise: Research and Applications Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 536
  • Sales rank: 1,189,869
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 1.40 (d)

Table of Contents

Contents: Part I: Overviews and Perspectives. R.R. Hoffman, Introduction: A Context for "Out of Context". E. Hunt, S. Joslyn, The Dynamics of the Relation Between Applied and Basic Research. C. Bonaceto, K. Burns, A Survey of the Methods and Uses of Cognitive Engineering. Part II: Making Sense of Things. L. Alison, E. Barrett, J. Crego, Pragmatic Research in Criminal Investigative Decision Making: Projects From the National Centre for the Study of Critical Incident Decision Making. R. Lipshitz, A. Sender, M. Omodei, J. McLennan, A. Wearing, What's Burning? The R.A.W.F.S. Heuristic on the Fire Ground. G. Klein, J.K. Phillips, E.L. Rall, D.A. Peluso, A Data/Frame Theory of Sensemaking. Part III: Tools for Thinking Out of Context. L. Militello, L. Quill, Strategies for Understanding a New Domain: Expert Apprentice vs. Incident-Based Methods. K. van den Bosch, M.M. deBeer, Play a Winning Game: The Implementation of Critical Thinking Training. H.N. Maier, K.H. Taber, Measurement of Initiative in High-Speed Tactical Decision Making. M.S. Cohen, L. Adelman, T.A. Bresnick, E. Salas, S. Riedel, Dialogue as Medium (and Message) for Training Critical Thinking: An Initial Test. Part IV: Coping With Uncertainty in a Changing Workplace. K. Burns, Improving Intuition With Bayesian Boxes: On Cognitive Difficulties in Combining Probabilities. S.G. Hutchins, P. Pirolli, S. Card, A New Perspective on Use of the Critical Decision Method With Intelligence Analysts. J.A. Ballas, Human Centered Computing for Tactical Weather Forecasting: An Example of the Moving Target Rule. S.S. Kirschenbaum, J.G. Trafton, E. Pratt, Comparative Cognitive Task Analysis. J.G. Trafton, R.R. Hoffman, Computer-Aided Visualization in Meteorology. D.W. Klinger, B.B. Hahn, E. Rall, Cognitive Task Analysis of the Warning Forecaster's Task: An Invitation for Human-Centered Technologies. Part V: Teams Out of Context. F.J. Brown, Applying NDM to World Security Needs: Perspectives of a US Military Practitioner. J. Graham, C. Gonzalez, M. Schneider, A Dynamic Network Analysis of an Organization With Expertise Out of Context. C.S. Burke, K. Hess, E. Salas, H. Priest, M. Paley, Preparing for Operation in Complex Environments: The Leadership of Multicultural Teams. W. Warwick, R.J.B. Hutton, Computational and Theoretical Perspectives on Recognition-Primed Decision Making. D.L. Harville, L.R. Elliott, C. Barnes, Analysis of Team Communication and Performance During Sustained Command and Control Operations. H.A. Klein, D. Steele-Johnson, FONT-SIZE: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: Times"Preparing for Multinational Collaboration: From the Laboratory to the Field. C.S. Burke, E. Salas, S. Estep, L. Pierce, Facilitation Team Adaptation 'In The Wild:' A Theoretical Framework, Instructional Strategies, and Research Agenda.

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