Experts in Science and Society / Edition 1

Experts in Science and Society / Edition 1

by Elke Kurz-Milcke
     
 

ISBN-10: 0306479036

ISBN-13: 9780306479038

Pub. Date: 12/31/2003

Publisher: Springer US

In today's complex world, we have come to rely increasingly on those who have expertise in specific areas and can bring their knowledge to bear on crucial social, political and scientific questions. Taking the viewpoint that experts are consulted when there is something important at stake for an individual, a group, or society at large, Experts in Science and

Overview

In today's complex world, we have come to rely increasingly on those who have expertise in specific areas and can bring their knowledge to bear on crucial social, political and scientific questions. Taking the viewpoint that experts are consulted when there is something important at stake for an individual, a group, or society at large, Experts in Science and Society explores what personally traits contribute to the making of an expert and how a society actually determines that a person has expertise. It covers a wide range of areas in order to be inclusive as well as to demonstrate similarities across areas. Likewise, in order to be culturally comparative, this volume includes examples and discussions of experts in different countries and even in different time periods. The topics include the roles of political experts, scientific experts, medical experts, legal experts, and more.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780306479038
Publisher:
Springer US
Publication date:
12/31/2003
Edition description:
2004
Pages:
314
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.03(d)

Table of Contents

Section 1Political Systems and the Experts They Support
1Scientists as Expert Advisors: Science Cultures Versus National Cultures?3
2Experts' Discourses as Judicial Drama or Bureaucratic Coordination: Family Debate in the United States and Germany27
3The Integration of Social Science Expertise Into the Political Process: Did It Actually Happen?47
4Socialist Legal Experts: A New Profession?65
Section 2Who Is Called Upon as Expert?
5Folklore Protection in Australia: Who Is Expert in Aboriginal Tradition?85
6The Humane Expert: The Crisis of Modern Medicine During the Weimar Republic105
7Expertise Not Wanted: The Case of the Criminal Law123
8Air Pollution Control: Who Are the Experts?159
Section 3Experts, Redefined
9The Philosopher as Coach181
10Who Decides the Worth of an Arm and a Leg? Assessing the Monetary Value of Nonmonetary Damage201
11The Expert in a Historical Context: The Case of Venetian Politics215
Section 4Innovative Representations
12Mapping Urban Nature: Bio-Ecological Expertise and Urban Planning231
13How to Improve the Diagnostic Inferences of Medical Experts249
14Statistical Scientific Evidence and Expertise in the Courtroom269
15The Authority of Representations281
Name Index303
Subject Index311

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