Explaining the Reagan Years in Central America: A World System Perspective

Explaining the Reagan Years in Central America: A World System Perspective

by Jeremy M. Brown
     
 

In his analysis of the relations between the United States and Central America through the 1980s, Brown seeks to broaden our view of events and historical processes by examining these relations in historical and global terms in lieu of the usual local or regional comparative focus. By drawing on the central concepts of Immanuel Wallerstein's World System Theory,

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Overview

In his analysis of the relations between the United States and Central America through the 1980s, Brown seeks to broaden our view of events and historical processes by examining these relations in historical and global terms in lieu of the usual local or regional comparative focus. By drawing on the central concepts of Immanuel Wallerstein's World System Theory, the ideologically and strategically contorted policies of the Reagan years can be understood in the context of an evolving American society within the Modern World System. This critical historical narrative follows the growth of an American state and nation and its relations with Central America from its origins as a collection of colonies on the periphery of the world system, through eras of expansionism, imperialism, world wars, and triumph as global hegemon, and into ultimate crisis, decline, and conservative reaction through the 1980s. Primary emphasis is placed on the internal ideological and global strategic polarizations of the Cold War and their influence on American society, foreign relations with Central America, and the conservative extremes of the Reagan years.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780819198136
Publisher:
University Press of America
Publication date:
10/28/1995
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
312
Product dimensions:
5.36(w) x 8.48(h) x 0.63(d)

Table of Contents

Dedication
Preface
Ch. 1A Crisis Unexplained1
IIdeology2
IIThe World System5
IIIU.S. Foreign Policy and Central America7
IVTheory and Method8
Ch. 2From Periphery to Semi-Periphery11
IAmerica's Colonial Heritage: Setting the Stage on the Periphery12
IIRevolution and Constitution: The Crystallization of National Culture and Formation of the State16
IIIExpansion and Manifest Destiny: From Periphery to Semi-Periphery22
IVU.S. Penetration of Central America29
Ch. 3From Semi-Periphery to Core: The Growth of American Capital and Empire41
ICivil War and National Consolidation41
IIThe "Age of Capital" in the Modern World System44
IIIThe Modern Evolution and Fragmentation of Liberal Culture and Political Ideology46
IVAmerican Industrialism, Nationalism, & Imperialism and the Role of the State53
VAmerican Capital, Empire, and Relations with Central America58
VIAmerican Empire and the Panama Canal62
Ch. 4From Core Power to World System Hegemony: 1914-194577
IWorld War One: Lessons in Alliance and Modern Global Warfare82
IITwo Decades Between World Wars: A Breathing Space and Continued Competition 1919-193989
IIIWorld War Two: A Return to Open Military Conflict and the Rise of U.S. Hegemony104
IVU.S. Relations with Central America During the 20th Century War of Hegemonic Succession109
Ch. 5Hegemony and Crisis: The Unfolding Dilemma of Liberal Empire129
IThe Rise of "Anti-Systemic" Movements within the World System131
IIPostwar Crises and Polarization: Cold War Crystallization 1945-1950135
IIIHot Spots in the Cold War: Battles on the Periphery of the World System138
IVAmerican Liberal Culture and Ideology in the Cold War141
VThe Presidency of JFK: The New Frontier and the Essential Contradictions of Liberal Empire148
VIThe War in Vietnam and American Hegemonic Crisis156
VIIThe Decade of the 60s: Cultural and Ideological Disintegration, Ferment, Creation166
VIIIAmerican Hegemony, Crisis, and Relations with Central America174
Ch. 6Continuing Decline and Reaction: The Decay of American Hegemony and the Rise of Ronald Reagan201
IDimensions of Economic and Strategic Decline203
IIHegemonic Decline and Confusion: Social and Cultural Impacts Within the U.S.205
IIIDealing with Crisis and Decline: The Nixon and Carter Administrations211
IVThe Forces of Social, Cultural, and Political Reaction: The Rise of Ronald Reagan216
VRonald Reagan and the Conservative Forces of the Hegemonic State: The Iran-Contra Affair and the "October Surprise"229
VIRelations with Central America Through the 1970s: Decline and Failure of Liberal Reform237
VIIRonald Reagan and the New Cold War in Central America249
Ch. 7Conclusions273
IThe United States within the World System274
IIThe Role of Culture and Ideology275
IIIThe American State Within the World System276
IVThe American State and the Nations of Central America280
VThe Hegemonic State, American Nation, and the Complications of Liberal Empire282
VIAmerican Hegemonic Crisis Within the Crisis of Western Bourgeois Culture284
VIICosmology, Culture, and Political Ideology in Contemporary Crisis286
VIIIPresent and Future288
Index293
About the Author299

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