Exploring Chemical Analysis Student Solutions Manual / Edition 4

Exploring Chemical Analysis Student Solutions Manual / Edition 4

by Daniel C. Harris
     
 

ISBN-10: 1429210044

ISBN-13: 9781429210041

Pub. Date: 04/18/2008

Publisher: Freeman, W. H. & Company

This manual includes solutions to all problems found in the text.

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Overview

This manual includes solutions to all problems found in the text.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781429210041
Publisher:
Freeman, W. H. & Company
Publication date:
04/18/2008
Edition description:
Fourth Edition
Pages:
200
Product dimensions:
8.40(w) x 10.80(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents

Chapter 0 The Analytical Process
Cocaine Use? Ask the River
0-1 The Analytical Chemist's Job
0-2 General Steps in a Chemical Analysis
Box 0-1 Constructing a Representative Sample

Chapter 1 Chemical Measurements
Biochemical Measurements with a Nanoelectrode
1-1 SI Units and Prefixes
Box 1-1 Exocytosis of Neurotransmitters
1-2 Conversion Between Units
1-3 Chemical Concentrations
1-4 Preparing Solutions
1-5 The Equilibrium Constant

Chapter 2 Tools of the Trade
A Quartz-Crystal Sensor with an Imprinted Layer for Yeast Cells
2-1 Safety, Waste Disposal, and Green Chemistry
2-2 Your Lab Notebook
Box 2-1 Dan’s Lab Notebook Entry
2-3 The Analytical Balance
2-4 Burets
2-5 Volumetric Flasks
2-6 Pipets and Syringes
2-7 Filtration
2-8 Drying
2-9 Calibration of Volumetric Glassware
2-10 Methods of Sample Preparation
Reference Procedure: Calibrating a 50-mL buret

Chapter 3 Math Toolkit
Experimental Error
3-1 Significant Figures
3-2 Significant Figures in Arithmetic
3-3 Types of Error
Box 3-1 What Are Standard Reference Materials?
Box 3-2 Case Study: Systematic Error in Ozone Measurement

3-4 Propagation of Uncertainty
3-5 Introducing Spreadsheets
3-6 Graphing in Excel

Chapter 4 Statistics
Is My Red Blood Cell Count High Today?
4-1 The Gaussian Distribution
4-2 Student's t
Box 4-1 Analytical Chemistry and the Law
4-3 Grubbs Test for an Outlier
4-4 Finding the "Best" Straight Line
4-5 Constructing a Calibration Curve
4-6 A Spreadsheet for Least Squares

Chapter 5 Quality Assurance and Calibration Methods
The Need for Quality Assurance
5-1 Basics of Quality Assurance
Box 5-1 Control Charts
5-2 Validation of an Analytical Procedure
5-3 Standard Addition
5-4 Internal Standards

Chapter 6 Good Titrations
The Earliest Known Buret
6-1 Principles of Volumetric Analysis
6-2 Titration Calculations
6-3 Chemistry in a Fishtank
Box 6-1 Studying a Marine Ecosystem
6-4 Solubility Product
Box 6-2 The Logic of Approximations
6-5 Titration of a Mixture
6-6 Titrations Involving Silver Ion
Demonstration 6-1 Fajans Titration

Chapter 7 Gravimetric and Combustion Analysis
The Geologic Time Scale and Gravimetric Analysis
7-1 Examples of Gravimetric Analysis
Box 7-1 Shorthand for Organic Structures
7-2 Precipitation
Demonstration 7-1 Colloids and Dialysis
7-3 Examples of Gravimetric Calculations
7-4 Combustion Analysis

Chapter 8 Introducing Acids and Bases
Acid Rain
8-1 What Are Acids and Bases?
8-2 Relation Between [H+], [OH-], and pH
8-3 Strengths of Acids and Bases
Demonstration 8-1 HCl Fountain
8-4 pH of Strong Acids and Bases
8-5 Tools for Dealing with Weak Acids and Bases
8-6 Weak-Acid Equilibrium
Box 8-1 Quadratic Equations
Demonstration 8-2 Conductivity of Weak Electrolytes
8-7 Weak-Base Equilibrium
Box 8-2 Five Will Get You Ten: Crack Cocaine

Chapter 9 Buffers
Measuring pH Inside Single Cells
9-1 What You Mix Is What You Get
9-2 The Henderson-Hasselbalch Equation
9-3 A Buffer in Action
Box 9-1 Strong Plus Weak Reacts Completely Demonstration 9-1 How Buffers Work
9-4 Preparing Buffers
9-5 Buffer Capacity
9-6 How Acid-Base Indicators Work
Demonstration 9-2 Indicators and Carbonic Acid Box 9-2 The Secret of Carbonless Copy Paper

Chapter 10 Acid-Base Titrations
Kjeldahl Nitrogen Analysis: Chemistry Behind the Headline
10-1 Titration of Strong Base with Strong Acid
10-2 Titration of Weak Acid with Strong Base
10-3 Titration of Weak Base with Strong Acid
10-4 Finding the End Point
10-5 Practical Notes
10-6 Kjeldahl Nitrogen Analysis
10-7 Putting Your Spreadsheet to Work
Reference Procedure: Preparing standard acid and base

Chapter 11 Polyprotic Acids and Bases
Acid Dissolves Buildings and Teeth
11-1 Amino Acids Are Polyprotic
11-2 Finding the pH in Diprotic Systems
Box 11-1 Carbon Dioxide in the Air and Ocean
11-3 Which Is the Principal Species?
11-4 Titrations in Polyprotic Systems
Box 11-2 What is Isoelectric Focusing?

Chapter 12 A Deeper Look at Chemical Equilibrium
Chemical Equilibrium in the Environment
12-1 The Effect of Ionic Strength on Solubility of Salts Demonstration 12-1 Effect of Ionic Strength on Ion Dissociation
12-2 Activity Coefficients
12-3 Charge and Mass Balances
12-4 Systematic Treatment of Equilibrium
Box 12-1 Aluminum Mobilization From Minerals by Acid Rain
12-5 Fractional Composition Equations

Chapter 13 EDTA Titrations
Nature’s Ion Channels
13-1 Metal-Chelate Complexes
Box 13-1 Chelation Therapy and Thalassemia
13-2 EDTA
Box 13-2 Notation for Formation Constants
13-3 Metal Ion Indicators
Demonstration 13-1 Metal Ion Indicator Color Changes
13-4 EDTA Titration Techniques
Box 13-3 What Is Hard Water?
13-5 The pH-Dependent Metal-EDTA Equilibrium
13-6 EDTA Titration Curves

Chapter 14 Electrode Potentials
Remediation of Underground Pollution with Emulsified Iron Nanoparticles (new)
14-1 Redox Chemistry and Electricity
Demonstration 14-1 Electrochemical Writing
14-2 Galvanic Cells
Demonstration 14-2 The Human Salt Bridge
14-3 Standard Potentials
14-4 The Nernst Equation
14-5 E° and the Equilibrium Constant Box 14-1 Why Biochemist Use E°'
14-6 Reference Electrodes

Chapter 15 Electrode Measurements
Measuring Carbonate in Sea Water with an Ion-Selective Electrode
15-1 The Sil

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