Exploring Chemical Analysis Student Solutions Manual / Edition 4

Exploring Chemical Analysis Student Solutions Manual / Edition 4

by Daniel C. Harris

ISBN-10: 1429210044

ISBN-13: 9781429210041

Pub. Date: 04/18/2008

Publisher: Freeman, W. H. & Company

This manual includes solutions to all problems found in the text.

 See more details below


This manual includes solutions to all problems found in the text.

Product Details

Freeman, W. H. & Company
Publication date:
Edition description:
Fourth Edition
Product dimensions:
8.40(w) x 10.80(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents

Chapter 0 The Analytical Process
Cocaine Use? Ask the River
0-1 The Analytical Chemist's Job
0-2 General Steps in a Chemical Analysis
Box 0-1 Constructing a Representative Sample

Chapter 1 Chemical Measurements
Biochemical Measurements with a Nanoelectrode
1-1 SI Units and Prefixes
Box 1-1 Exocytosis of Neurotransmitters
1-2 Conversion Between Units
1-3 Chemical Concentrations
1-4 Preparing Solutions
1-5 The Equilibrium Constant

Chapter 2 Tools of the Trade
A Quartz-Crystal Sensor with an Imprinted Layer for Yeast Cells
2-1 Safety, Waste Disposal, and Green Chemistry
2-2 Your Lab Notebook
Box 2-1 Dan’s Lab Notebook Entry
2-3 The Analytical Balance
2-4 Burets
2-5 Volumetric Flasks
2-6 Pipets and Syringes
2-7 Filtration
2-8 Drying
2-9 Calibration of Volumetric Glassware
2-10 Methods of Sample Preparation
Reference Procedure: Calibrating a 50-mL buret

Chapter 3 Math Toolkit
Experimental Error
3-1 Significant Figures
3-2 Significant Figures in Arithmetic
3-3 Types of Error
Box 3-1 What Are Standard Reference Materials?
Box 3-2 Case Study: Systematic Error in Ozone Measurement

3-4 Propagation of Uncertainty
3-5 Introducing Spreadsheets
3-6 Graphing in Excel

Chapter 4 Statistics
Is My Red Blood Cell Count High Today?
4-1 The Gaussian Distribution
4-2 Student's t
Box 4-1 Analytical Chemistry and the Law
4-3 Grubbs Test for an Outlier
4-4 Finding the "Best" Straight Line
4-5 Constructing a Calibration Curve
4-6 A Spreadsheet for Least Squares

Chapter 5 Quality Assurance and Calibration Methods
The Need for Quality Assurance
5-1 Basics of Quality Assurance
Box 5-1 Control Charts
5-2 Validation of an Analytical Procedure
5-3 Standard Addition
5-4 Internal Standards

Chapter 6 Good Titrations
The Earliest Known Buret
6-1 Principles of Volumetric Analysis
6-2 Titration Calculations
6-3 Chemistry in a Fishtank
Box 6-1 Studying a Marine Ecosystem
6-4 Solubility Product
Box 6-2 The Logic of Approximations
6-5 Titration of a Mixture
6-6 Titrations Involving Silver Ion
Demonstration 6-1 Fajans Titration

Chapter 7 Gravimetric and Combustion Analysis
The Geologic Time Scale and Gravimetric Analysis
7-1 Examples of Gravimetric Analysis
Box 7-1 Shorthand for Organic Structures
7-2 Precipitation
Demonstration 7-1 Colloids and Dialysis
7-3 Examples of Gravimetric Calculations
7-4 Combustion Analysis

Chapter 8 Introducing Acids and Bases
Acid Rain
8-1 What Are Acids and Bases?
8-2 Relation Between [H+], [OH-], and pH
8-3 Strengths of Acids and Bases
Demonstration 8-1 HCl Fountain
8-4 pH of Strong Acids and Bases
8-5 Tools for Dealing with Weak Acids and Bases
8-6 Weak-Acid Equilibrium
Box 8-1 Quadratic Equations
Demonstration 8-2 Conductivity of Weak Electrolytes
8-7 Weak-Base Equilibrium
Box 8-2 Five Will Get You Ten: Crack Cocaine

Chapter 9 Buffers
Measuring pH Inside Single Cells
9-1 What You Mix Is What You Get
9-2 The Henderson-Hasselbalch Equation
9-3 A Buffer in Action
Box 9-1 Strong Plus Weak Reacts Completely Demonstration 9-1 How Buffers Work
9-4 Preparing Buffers
9-5 Buffer Capacity
9-6 How Acid-Base Indicators Work
Demonstration 9-2 Indicators and Carbonic Acid Box 9-2 The Secret of Carbonless Copy Paper

Chapter 10 Acid-Base Titrations
Kjeldahl Nitrogen Analysis: Chemistry Behind the Headline
10-1 Titration of Strong Base with Strong Acid
10-2 Titration of Weak Acid with Strong Base
10-3 Titration of Weak Base with Strong Acid
10-4 Finding the End Point
10-5 Practical Notes
10-6 Kjeldahl Nitrogen Analysis
10-7 Putting Your Spreadsheet to Work
Reference Procedure: Preparing standard acid and base

Chapter 11 Polyprotic Acids and Bases
Acid Dissolves Buildings and Teeth
11-1 Amino Acids Are Polyprotic
11-2 Finding the pH in Diprotic Systems
Box 11-1 Carbon Dioxide in the Air and Ocean
11-3 Which Is the Principal Species?
11-4 Titrations in Polyprotic Systems
Box 11-2 What is Isoelectric Focusing?

Chapter 12 A Deeper Look at Chemical Equilibrium
Chemical Equilibrium in the Environment
12-1 The Effect of Ionic Strength on Solubility of Salts Demonstration 12-1 Effect of Ionic Strength on Ion Dissociation
12-2 Activity Coefficients
12-3 Charge and Mass Balances
12-4 Systematic Treatment of Equilibrium
Box 12-1 Aluminum Mobilization From Minerals by Acid Rain
12-5 Fractional Composition Equations

Chapter 13 EDTA Titrations
Nature’s Ion Channels
13-1 Metal-Chelate Complexes
Box 13-1 Chelation Therapy and Thalassemia
13-2 EDTA
Box 13-2 Notation for Formation Constants
13-3 Metal Ion Indicators
Demonstration 13-1 Metal Ion Indicator Color Changes
13-4 EDTA Titration Techniques
Box 13-3 What Is Hard Water?
13-5 The pH-Dependent Metal-EDTA Equilibrium
13-6 EDTA Titration Curves

Chapter 14 Electrode Potentials
Remediation of Underground Pollution with Emulsified Iron Nanoparticles (new)
14-1 Redox Chemistry and Electricity
Demonstration 14-1 Electrochemical Writing
14-2 Galvanic Cells
Demonstration 14-2 The Human Salt Bridge
14-3 Standard Potentials
14-4 The Nernst Equation
14-5 E° and the Equilibrium Constant Box 14-1 Why Biochemist Use E°'
14-6 Reference Electrodes

Chapter 15 Electrode Measurements
Measuring Carbonate in Sea Water with an Ion-Selective Electrode
15-1 The Sil

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