This language reader features thought-provoking readings that explore the various interconnections between language and American society.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Thinking and Reading Critically.
What is Critical Thinking?
Why Read Critically.
How to Read Critically.
Critical Reading in Action—Sample Essay for Analysis.
The Selling of Rebellion" by John Leo.
Logical Fallacies—What They Are and How to Avoid Them.
Exploring the Language of Visuals.
Some Useful URLs on Writing and Language.
1. Breaking Silences.
Beginnings: Moving From Silence Into Language.
Language and Thought, Susanne K. Langer.
A Brief History of English, Paul Roberts.
The Story of Writing, C.M. Millward.
Exploring the Language of Visuals: Sign Language.
Personal Recollections: Coming to Language.
Homemade Education, Malcolm X.
A Word for Everything, Helen Keller.
The Language of Silence, Maxine Hong Kingston.
Spanish Lessons, Christine Marin.
Case Study: Women Speak Out—A Historical Survey.
Seneca Falls Declaration, Elizabeth Cady Stanton.
Aren't I a Woman?" Sojourner Truth.
Women Compelled to Prove Themselves, Carrie Lane Chapman Catt.
Professions for Women, Virginia Woolf.
Exploring the Language of Visuals: Rosie the Riveter.
Claiming an Education, Adrienne Rich.
Exploring the Language of Visuals: The Guerrilla Girls.
2. Writers Writing: Words in Contexts.
The Writing Process.
Freewriting, Peter Elbow.
Writing for an Audience, Linda Flower.
The Maker's Eye: Revising Your Own Manuscripts, DonaldM. Murray.
Finding the Right Words.
Simplicity, William Zinsser.
How To Write With Style, Kurt Vonnegut.
Why "Techies" Need to Know How to Write, Jeffrey Doughty.
Clichés Anyone?" James Issacs.
3. Wired Language.
Language and the Internet.
The Other Side of E-Mail, Robert Kuttner.
Internet Changes Language For :-) & :-(, Amy Harmon.
The Internet…Good News or Bad Language, Robert Henderson.
Identity and Self OnLine.
The Virtual Community, Howard Rheingold.
Can a Body Meet a Body Coming Through the Wire? Chet Raymo.
Identity in the Age of the Internet, Sherry Turkle.
Internet Spanglish, Vanessa Bauza.
4. The Language Of Humor: What Makes Us Laugh.
Outsiders/Insiders, Joseph Boskin.
Holocaust Humor, Shai Oster.
Chris Rock: Seriously Funny, Christopher John Farley.
In Answer to the Question: Have you ever considered suicide? Kate Rushin.
Excerpt from The LA LA Awards, Latins Anonymous.
Case Study: Cartoons & Comic Strips.
What Is A Cartoon? Mort Gerberg.
Defiantly Incorrect: The Humor of John Callahan, Timothy Egan.
Editorial Cartoonist—An Endangered Species? Doug Marlette.
Exploring the Language of Visuals: Sample Cartoons.
5. Politically Speaking.
Political Word Play.
How to Detect Propaganda, Institute For Propaganda Analysis.
Politics and the English Language, George Orwell.
Doubts About Doublespeak, William Lutz.
Changing the Language of Sex Crimes Against Children, Richard Hoffman.
Case Study: Gun Speak—Political Pundits and the Public on Youth Violence in America.
Political Pundits Speak Out.
The Erosion of Empathy, Sissela Bok.
An Issue Beyond Ideology, Jim Sleeper.
Missing the Mark, Jackson Katz and Sut Jhally.
Behind the School Shooting, Robert W. Lee.
Stop Blaming Kids and TV, Mike Males.
The Public Speaks Out.
Lessons of Littleton, Letters to the Editor of Newsweek magazine.
Not Gun Shy, Stan Grossfeld.
Exploring the Language of Visuals: Anti-Gun Protest.
6. Language of the Mass Media and Advertising.
The Language of Mass Media`.
Yadda, Yadda, Yadda, Leslie Savan.
Freedom to Talk Dirty, Deborah Tannen.
TV News: All the World in Pictures, Neil Postman and Steve Powers.
Hurry Healing, Ellen Goodman.
The Infatuation with Foul Language, Michael Medved.
Two-Headed Monsters, Columbia Journalism Review.
The Language of Advertising.
With These Words I Can Sell You Anything, William Lutz.
The Language of Advertising, Charles A. O'Neill.
“Hey, Kids, Buy This!” David Leonhardt and Kathleen Kerwin.
Get Out of My Face! Use of Coarse Language in Advertising, Herschell Gordon Lewis.
Exploring the Language of Visuals: Three Sample Ads.
7. Censorship and Free Speech.
Censorship and Free Speech on Campus.
Regulating Racist Speech on Campus, Charles R. Lawrence III.
The Betrayal of Liberty on America's Campuses, Alan C. Kors.
In Praise of Censure, Garry Wills.
Censorship and Free Speech in Cyberspace.
The Internet: A Clear and Present Danger? Cathleen A. Cleaver.
What Part of “NO Law” Don't You Understand? William Bennett Turner.
Exploring the Language of Visuals: Watching the Web.
See No Evil, Surf No Evil, John Leo.
Censorship and Free Speech in Books.
The Freedom to Read, American Library Association.
Banned Books Week 1997: A Case of Misrepresentation, Steve Mckinzie.
Exploring the Language of Visuals: Huckleberry Finn Banned!
Author's Afterword from Fahrenheit 451, Ray Bradbury.
8. He Says/She Says.
Do Men and Women Speak the Same Language?
Sex Differences, Ronald Macaulay.
'I'll Explain It to You': Lecturing and Listening, Deborah Tannen.
Exploring the Language of Visuals: Roz Chast on Gender and Language.
The Mask of Masculinity, George Will.
Nonverbal Behavior: Culture, Gender , and the Media, Teri Kwal Gamble and Michael W. Gamble.
Exploring the Language of Visuals: Body Language.
Is English Sexually Biased?
Introduction to the A-Z of Non-Sexist Language, Margaret Doyle.
Gender Benders, Jack Rosenthal.
Life as a Female Gentleman, Lani Guinier.
Real Men Don't: Anti-Male Bias in English, Eugene R. August.
9. The Language of Labeling.
Slurs and Stereotypes.
ÁNigger” : The Meaning of a Word, Gloria Naylor.
The Etymology of the International Insult, Charles F. Berlitz.
Crimes Against Humanity, Ward Churchill.
Growing Up Asian in America, Kesaya E. Noda.
Queer, Lillian Faderman.
Case Study: Political Correctness.
Bias-Free Language: Some Guidelines, Rosalie Maggio.
The Word Police, Michiko Kakutani.
In the Canon, For All the Wrong Reasons, Amy Tan.
Beware the Advozealots: Mindless Good Intentions Injure the Handicapped, Bernard Rimland, Ph.D..
Exploring the Language of Visuals: Callahan Cartoon.
10. What is The Language of the American People?
What's “Standard” English?
Good English and Bad, Bill Bryson.
Why Good English Is Good for You, John Simon.
Not White, Just Right, Rachel L. Jones.
On Not Writing in English, Aurora Levins Morales.
What's Not “Standard” English?—Slang and Jargon.
It Ain't No Big Thing, Paul Dickson.
Dangerous Dozens, Anne Ashmore-Hudson.
It's, Like, EXTREME, But Not GROSS, Scot Lehigh.
Words of Wisdom, Audrey Y. Williams.
Case Study: English Only or Bilingualism?
Bilingualism in America: English Should Be the Only Language, S.I. Hayakawa.
Exploring the Language of Visuals: “Please Do Not Feed the Pigeons” .
My Spanish Standoff, Gabriella Kuntz.
Let's Not Say Adios to Bilingual Education, Lourdes Rovira.
Photo and Text Credits.
Index of Authors and Titles.
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