Exploring Philosophy: An Introductory Anthology / Edition 4

Exploring Philosophy: An Introductory Anthology / Edition 4

by Steven M. Cahn
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0199797277

ISBN-13: 9780199797271

Pub. Date: 10/14/2011

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

Exploring Philosophy: An Introductory Anthology, Third Edition, is a remarkably accessible and engaging introduction to philosophy. Steven M. Cahn brings together extraordinarily clear, recent essays by noted philosophers and supplements them with influential historical sources. Most importantly, the articles have been carefully edited to make them understandable

Overview

Exploring Philosophy: An Introductory Anthology, Third Edition, is a remarkably accessible and engaging introduction to philosophy. Steven M. Cahn brings together extraordinarily clear, recent essays by noted philosophers and supplements them with influential historical sources. Most importantly, the articles have been carefully edited to make them understandable to every reader. The topics are drawn from across the major fields of philosophy and include knowledge and skepticism, mind and body, freedom and determinism, the existence of God, the problem of evil, ethical reasoning, abortion, euthansia, world hunger, democracy, capital punishment, affirmative action, and the meaning of life. The readings are enhanced by concise introductions, explanatory notes, and suggestions for further reading.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780199797271
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date:
10/14/2011
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
720
Product dimensions:
6.50(w) x 9.20(h) x 1.30(d)

Table of Contents

Preface xi

Acknowledgments xiii

1 Introduction

What Is Philosophy? Monroe C. Beardsley Elizabeth Lane Beardsley 3

Historical Source: Defence of Socrates Plato 13

2 Reasoning

The Scope of Logic Wesley C. Salmon 43

Improving Your Thinking Stephen F. Barker 50

Fixing Belief Morris R. Cohen Ernest Nagel 56

Scientific Inquiry Carl G. Hempel 59

Science and Common Sense Ernest Nagel 65

3 Knowledge

Appearance and Reality Bertrand Russell 73

What Can I Know? D. Z. Phillips 76

Knowledge and Belief Norman Malcolm 82

The Problem of Induction Bertrand Russell 86

Will the Future Be Like the Past? Frederick L. Will 88

What Is Knowledge? A. J. Ayer 93

Is Justified True Belief Knowledge? Edmund L. Gettier 96

Historical Sources Meno Plato 97

Meditations on First Philosophy Rene Descartes 130

An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding David Hume 135

4 Mind

The Ghost in the Machine Gilbert Ryle 147

The Mind as a Function of the Body Richard Taylor 151

What Is It Like to Be a Bat? Thomas Nagel 158

Computing Machinery and Intelligence Alan Turing 162

Do Computers Think? John Searle 166

Historical Source: Meditations on First Philosophy Rene Descartes 169

5 Free Will

Free Will Thomas Nagel 179

Freedom and Determinism Richard Taylor 184

Freedom and Necessity A. J. Ayer 191

Freedom or Determinism? Steven M. Cahn 199

Alternative Possibilities and Moral Responsibility Harry Frankfurt 210

Historical Source: An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding David Hume 212

6 God

Does God Exist? Ernest Nagel 223

Why God Allows Evil Richard Swinburne 231

Theology and Falsification Antony Flew Basil Mitchell 242

Do Miracles Occur? MonroeC. Beardsley Elizabeth Lane Beardsley 245

Pascal's Wager Simon Blackburn 249

The Hiddenness of God Robert McKim 252

God and Modern Science Nicholas Everitt 257

God and Morality Steven M. Cahn 262

Historical Sources: Proslogion Saint Anselm 265

Summa Theologiae Saint Thomas Aquinas 268

An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding David Hume 270

The Will to Believe William James 276

7 Moral Theory

The Challenge of Cultural Relativism James Rachels 287

How Not to Answer Moral Questions Tom Regan 298

The Nature of Ethical Disagreement Charles L. Stevenson 302

A Supreme Moral Principle? Steven M. Cahn 307

Happiness and Morality Christine Vitrano 312

Virtue Ethics Bernard Mayo 315

The Ethics of Care Virginia Held 317

Historical Sources: Nicomachean Ethics Aristotle 322

Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals Immanuel Kant 327

Utilitarianism John Stuart Mill 332

8 Moral Problems

A Defense of Abortion Judith Jarvis Thomson 341

Why Abortion Is Immoral Don Marquis 356

Active and Passive Euthanasia James Rachels 362

Active and Passive Euthanasia: A Reply Thomas D. Sullivan 368

Famine, Affluence, and Morality Peter Singer 374

World Hunger and Moral Obligation: The Case Against Singer John Arthur 382

9 Society

Democracy John Dewey 391

Letter from a Birmingham Jail Martin Luther King 396

Political Action: The Problem of Dirty Hands Michael Walzer 403

The Ultimate Punishment: A Defense Ernest van den Haag 407

Capital Punishment Hugo Adam Bedau 413

Two Concepts of Affirmative Action Steven M. Cahn 427

Are Quotas Sometimes Justified? James Rachels 436

What Is a Liberal Education? Sidney Hook 441

Historical Sources: Crito Plato 450

On Liberty John Stuart Mill 463

The Solitude of Self Elizabeth Cady Stanton 472

10 Conclusion

The Meaning of Life Richard Taylor 483

The Value of Philosophy Bertrand Russell 491

Historical Source: Phaedo Plato 495

Suggestions for Further Reading 499

Index 503

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