When Thomas Jefferson took office as the 3rd Pres. of the U.S. in 1801, much of the land between the Mississippi River & the Pacific Ocean was unknown territory belonging to France or Spain. By the time Rutherford B. Hayes left office as the 19th Pres. in 1881, this land was not only part of the U.S. but it had been explored, surveyed, mapped, photographed, & was rapidly being settled. This book tells the story of how & why all of this came about. It is published in cooperation with the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial in St. Louis. Illustrated with dozens of color & B&W photos, drawings & maps.