Exploring the Geology of the Carolinas: A Field Guide to Favorite Places from Chimney Rock to Charleston / Edition 1by Kevin G. Stewart, Mary-Russell Roberson
Pub. Date: 02/26/2007
Publisher: The University of North Carolina Press
How were the Appalachian Mountains formed? Are the barrier islands moving? Is there gold in the Carolinas? The answers to these questions and many more appear in this reader-friendly guide to the geology of North Carolina and South Carolina. Exploring the Geology of the Carolinas pairs a brief geological history of the region with 31 field trips to easily/i>
How were the Appalachian Mountains formed? Are the barrier islands moving? Is there gold in the Carolinas? The answers to these questions and many more appear in this reader-friendly guide to the geology of North Carolina and South Carolina. Exploring the Geology of the Carolinas pairs a brief geological history of the region with 31 field trips to easily accessible, often familiar sites in both states where readers can observe firsthand the evidence of geologic change found in rocks, river basins, mountains, waterfalls, and coastal land formations.
Geologist Kevin Stewart and science writer Mary-Russell Roberson begin by explaining techniques geologists use to "read" rocks, the science of plate tectonics, and the formation of the Carolinas. The field trips that follow are arranged geographically by region, from the Blue Ridge to the Piedmont to the Coastal Plain. Richly illustrated and accompanied by a helpful glossary of geologic terms, this field guide is a handy and informative carry-along for hikers, tourists, teachers, and familiesanyone interested in the science behind the sights at their favorite Carolina spots.
Includes field trips to:
Grandfather Mountain, N.C.
Linville Falls, N.C.
Caesars Head State Park, S.C.
Reed Gold Mine, N.C.
Pilot Mountain State Park, N.C.
Raven Rock State Park, N.C.
Sugarloaf Mountain, S.C.
Santee State Park, S.C.
Jockey's Ridge State Park, N.C.
Carolina Beach State Park, N.C.
and 21 more sites in the Carolinas!
Southern Gateways Guide is a registered trademark of the University of North Carolina Press
Table of Contents
How to Use this Book xiii
The Changing Face of the Carolinas over Geologic Time 1
How to Read Rocks 6
Adding to the Body of Geologic Knowledge 18
Geologic Time 27
The Geologic History of the Carolinas 31
Field Trips: Map of the field-trip locations 46
The Blue Ridge
Chimney Rock Park: Stretched, Folded, Cracked, and Faulted 49
DuPont State Forest: Waterfalls Galore 56
Whiteside Mountain: A Geologic Puzzle 62
Grandfather Mountain: From Valley to Peak in 750 Million Years 68
Linville Falls: Falls, Faults, and Geologic Windows 75
Mount Mitchell State Park: Which Peak Is the Tallest and Why 81
Stone Mountain State Park: A Beautiful Bare Mountain 90
Woodall Shoals: Beautiful Rocks That Have Been Through a Lot 97
Caesars Head and Table Rock State Parks: The View from the Blue Ridge Escarpment 102
South Mountains State Park: Stuck between a Continent and a Hard Place 113
Crowders Mountain State Park: A Mountain of Quartz and Blue Daggers 121
Reed Gold Mine: The Glory Days of Gold 127
Pilot Mountain State Park: Beach Sands in a Mountain 135
Morrow Mountain State Park: A Beautiful Quarry 143
Occoneechee Mountain State Natural Area: A Mine with a View 151
The Museum of Life and Science and Penny's Bend: Diabase Sills in the Durham Triassic Basin 156
Landsford Canal State Park: Transportation and Geology 164
The North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences: Gems and Meteorites 170
Raven Rock State Park: Everything's Happening at the Fall Zone 178
Medoc Mountain State Park: Granite and Grapes 185
Forty Acre Rock: The Battle between Rock and the Forces of Erosion 190
The Coastal Plain
The Roanoke River: From the Mountains to the Sea 199
Sugarloaf Mountain in Sand Hills State Forest: Sand and Longleaf 208
Cliffs of the Neuse State Park: Under the Sea 215
Santee State Park: Mule-Eating Sinkholes 220
Jones Lake State Park: The Mystery of the Carolina Bays 224
Flanner Beach: The Rise and Fall of Sea Level 232
Jockey's Ridge State Park: A Mountain of Sand 238
Oregon Inlet: The Fickle Nature of Barrier Islands and Inlets 247
Carolina Beach State Park: Sugarloaf, Shells, and Sinkholes 254
Colonial Dorchester State Historic Site: The Charleston Earthquake of 1886 260
Additional Resources 281
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