Exploring the Spanish Armada

Overview

Previously unpublished archaeological findings are presented in this story of the Spanish Armada's attack on England in the 16th century and its eventual fight for survival against all odds. Designed to capture England and seize the throne from Elizabeth I, the Armada was the greatest sailing fleet the world had even known, containing 130 ships, 29,453 soldiers and sailors, and 2,241 guns. This book looks at the political and personal motivations that led to the attack, the success of the English onslaught, ...
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Overview

Previously unpublished archaeological findings are presented in this story of the Spanish Armada's attack on England in the 16th century and its eventual fight for survival against all odds. Designed to capture England and seize the throne from Elizabeth I, the Armada was the greatest sailing fleet the world had even known, containing 130 ships, 29,453 soldiers and sailors, and 2,241 guns. This book looks at the political and personal motivations that led to the attack, the success of the English onslaught, battle formations and fighting techniques, and the scattering of Spanish ships against the Irish coast by violent storms.

Author Biography: Winifred Glover is a curator of ethnography who has created a permanent exhibit of artifacts from Armada wrecks at the Ulster Museum in Belfast, the largest collection outside Spain.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780862786465
  • Publisher: O'Brien Press, Limited, The
  • Publication date: 10/17/2000
  • Series: Exploring
  • Pages: 136
  • Product dimensions: 5.62 (w) x 8.74 (h) x 0.56 (d)

Table of Contents

Introduction 11
Part 1 Preparing for Invasion
Europe in the sixteenth century 13
The reasons for the Spanish Armada 14
The Armada of 1588 19
The leaders of the Armada 25
Part 2 The Journey to England
Ships of the Armada 32
Life on board ship 37
Naval navigation in the sixteenth century 42
The Armada sets sail 45
England awaits 46
Part 3 The Battle Begins
Battle formations and fighting techniques 50
The sea battles 51
Hellburners: the watershed in the battle 54
Retreat 58
Lost at sea 59
Part 4 The Armada and Ireland
Ireland in 1588 61
The fate of the Armada 66
The extraordinary tale of Francisco de Cuellar 72
Part 5 The Twentieth Century: Excavating the Armada
Locating the wreck-sites 78
The story of the Girona 80
Coin and silverware finds from the Girona 92
Armaments and other finds from the Girona 96
Finds from La Trinidad Valencera 103
Armaments and other finds from La Trinidad Valencera 103
Finds from the Santa Maria de la Rosa 111
Epilogue
Aftermath: the sixteenth century and beyond 113
The legacy of the Armada 117
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