Exploring The Way Life Works: The Science Of Biology / Edition 1

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Overview

The Way Life Works is the perfect answer for any instructor seeking a more concise, meaningful, and flexible alternative to the standard introductory biology text.

Organized around one central idea – the amazing unity that underlies biological diversity – this book presents biology's basic concepts and applications through a brilliant interweaving of incisive explanations, imaginative analogies, and stunning visual graphics.

The process of science is strongly emphasized, and specific historical and current research is presented to elucidate the achievements of scientific exploration and the roles of curiosity and observation in initiating the scientific process.

Easily adaptable to multiple teaching styles, this irresistably readable, innovative, and engaging new textbook is guaranteed to inspire both teachers and students alike.

Discusses energy: transformation to life/information: how the language of DNA instructs life-building forms/etc.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
Abundant, charming illustrations by Dodson visualize concepts conveyed in the clear, organized writing of molecular biologist Hoagland. This is a well-conceived survey of "everything you need to know about the way all life grows, develops, reproduces, and gets along" (the subtitle), providing an attractive reference for high school and above students, or a general readership. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780763716882
  • Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
  • Publication date: 2/15/2001
  • Edition description: 1E
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 384
  • Sales rank: 1,062,630
  • Product dimensions: 8.52 (w) x 10.84 (h) x 0.83 (d)

Table of Contents

Ch. 1 Setting the Stage 2
1.1 A Singular Theme 3
1.2 Thinking Small 4
1.3 Using Microscopy to Explore the Cell and Beyond 10
Tools of Science - Using X-Ray Diffraction 13
1.4 Parts and Wholes 14
1.5 The Way Science Works 15
Tools of Science - The Ultracentrifuge 16
1.6 The Way Life Works - The Basic Idea 17
Ch. 2 Patterns: An Overview of the Basic Concepts of Biology 23
2.1 Life Builds from the Bottom Up 24
Doing Science - Adhesive Force of Gecko Feet 27
2.2 Life Assembles Itself Into Chains 28
2.3 Life Needs an Inside and an Outside 32
2.4 Life Uses a Few Themes to Generate Many Variations 36
2.5 Life Organizes with Information 40
2.6 Life Encourages Variety by Recombining Information 44
Doing Science - Engineered Aspen Trees for Better Paper 47
2.7 Life Creates with Mistakes 49
2.8 Life Occurs in Water 52
2.9 Life Runs on Sugar 57
2.10 Life Works in Cycles 58
Doing Science - Scientific Hypotheses and the Industrial Revolution 59
2.11 Life Recycles Everything it Uses 62
2.12 Life Maintains Itself by Turnover 67
2.13 Life Tends to Optimize Rather Than Maximize 70
Doing Science - Antler Growth and Extinction of Irish Elk 73
2.14 Life Is Opportunistic 74
2.15 Life Competes Within a Cooperative Framework 76
2.16 Life Is Interconnected and Interdependent 81
Ch. 3 Energy - Light To Life 87
3.1 Making Bonds 88
3.2 Molecular Changes 90
3.3 Life and The Laws of Energy 92
3.4 ATP - The Energy Molecule 100
3.5 Enzymes - Life's Clever Workers 102
3.6 Enzymes and ATP - A Dynamic Duo 103
3.7 Energy Flow Through Life - A Macro View 104
3.8 Energy Flow Through Life - A Micro View 108
3.9 The Chloroplast Ballroom 110
3.10 Photosynthesis - Using Sunlight to Make Sugar 112
3.11 Three Cheers for Carbon 118
Doing Science - Van Helmont's Experiment 119
3.12 Respiration - Breaking Down Sugar to Make ATP 122
Doing Science - Oxygen Discovered 127
3.13 Glycolysis 130
Doing Science - Pasteur's Wine 130
3.14 Getting Energy to the Community 132
Ch. 4 Information - The Storehouse of Know How 139
4.1 Why Life Must Come From Life 140
Doing Science - The Death of "Spontaneous Generation" 141
4.2 An Abbreviated History of Genetic Discoveries 144
4.3 Life's Coding and Decoding Systems 146
4.4 DNA - What Does It Actually Say? 148
Doing Science - One Gene Makes One Protein - Beadle and Tatum and Bread Mold 149
4.5 Nucleotides, Letters On A Backbone 152
Doing Science - A Chemical Can Genetically Change Cells 153
4.6 DNA - Base Pairs and Weak Bonds 154
Doing Science - Moving in on the Structure of DNA 154
4.7 DNA - The Double Helix 156
Doing Science - Watson and Crick Discover the Structure of DNA 157
4.8 DNA - Creating Its Own Future 158
4.9 How Enzymes Copy DNA 159
4.10 Genomes 162
Tools of Science - Reading Genomes: PCR, Fingerprinting, Gene Sequencing 164
4.11 DNA Repair 170
4.12 Permanent Changes to DNA 172
Doing Science - Genes and Rodent Behavior 173
4.13 DNA to RNA: Copying Genes Into Messengers 174
4.14 The Chicken/Egg Problem 176
4.15 DNA Packaging 178
Ch. 5 Machinery - Building Smart Parts 183
5.1 About Proteins 184
5.2 Multiplying Small Effects 186
Doing Science - Moving Cell Contents Around in Nitella 189
5.3 Protein Are Chains Made From Twenty Amino Acids 190
5.4 How Orders Translate Into Assembled Boxes of Donuts 192
5.5 How DNA Information Translates Into a Working Protein 194
5.6 From DNA to Protein - A Multistep Process 196
5.7 Translation 198
5.8 DNA to RNA to Protein 201
5.9 Key Discovery 202
5.10 The Unity of Biology 204
Ch. 6 Feedback - Signaling, Sensing, Reacting 209
6.1 Assembly Lines 210
6.2 Circular Information 212
6.3 Allostery - The Key To Feedback Control 214
6.4 Why Allostery? 216
6.5 Allostery and Molecular Communication 219
6.6 Higher-Level Control 220
6.7 When You Can't Get It, Make It Yourself 222
6.8 Chemotaxis: How Chemical Signaling Creates Purposeful Movement 224
6.9 Introducing the Adventures of a Slime Mold 226
Doing Science - How Cell Aggregates are Formed 227
Doing Science - Telling Amoebae When to Stop 228
6.10 Feedback in Neural Circuits 230
Doing Science - Toxoplasma Manipulates Rat Behavior 233
6.11 Cascading 234
6.12 Ecology Loops 236
6.13 Death on the Wing 238
Ch. 7 Community - E Pluribus Unum 243
7.1 Emergence 244
7.2 The Emergence of Higher-Level Behavior 248
7.3 From One-Celled to Many-Celled Creatures 250
7.4 Embryo Development - From One Cell to Many 252
7.5 Organizing a Body - Part I 254
7.6 Cell Signaling 258
7.7 Organizing a Body - Part II 260
7.8 Organizing a Body - Part III 262
7.9 Genes as Switches 264
7.10 Organizing a Body - Part IV 266
7.11 How Cells Differentiate 270
7.12 Positional Signals 274
7.13 Cell Death 275
Tools of Science - Cloning a Sheep (or a Cow) 276
7.14 Organizing a Body - Part V 278
7.15 Roots 282
Doing Science - Controlling the Shape of C. elegans 284
Ch. 8 Evolution - A Pattern for Creation 287
8.1 Evolution of a New WorldView 288
8.2 Further Evidence Supporting Natural Selection 290
8.3 The Origins of Life 292
8.4 A Brief History of Life 294
8.5 Small Changes Add Up to Big Differences 298
8.6 Big Changes Over Time: The Results of Combined Innovations 300
8.7 Writing Poetry Evolution's Way 302
8.8 Even a Small Advantage Tends to Survive and Multiply 304
8.9 Multiple Changes 306
Doing Science - Focus on the Fine Structure of Bone 309
8.10 Variation and Selection 310
8.11 Sex 314
8.12 Why Do It? 315
8.13 Mutations 320
8.14 Evolutionary Breakthroughs 322
8.15 Mobile Information 324
Doing Science - "Jumping Genes": Corn and Cold Spring Harbor 325
8.16 Viruses 328
8.17 How New Species Arise 330
8.18 Co-Evolution 336
8.19 Can Habits Be Inherited? 340
8.20 An Experiment in Evolution 342
8.21 Evidence of Relatedness 344
Tools of Science - Radiometric Dating 346
8.22 The Evolution of Intelligence 348
8.23 Cultural Evolution 350
Glossary 354
Notes 362
Answers 364
Credits 367
Index 368
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