Export/Import Procedures and Documentation / Edition 4

Export/Import Procedures and Documentation / Edition 4

by Thomas E. Johnson, Donna L. Bade
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0814415504

ISBN-13: 9780814415504

Pub. Date: 03/26/2010

Publisher: AMACOM

Hundreds of factors combine to determine exactly how you import or export goods. Where are they coming from or going? What are they made of? What are they used for, and by whom? And because every import or export scenario is unique, you need to make sure you account for every detail, lest you make errors that could cost your business

Overview

Hundreds of factors combine to determine exactly how you import or export goods. Where are they coming from or going? What are they made of? What are they used for, and by whom? And because every import or export scenario is unique, you need to make sure you account for every detail, lest you make errors that could cost your business time, money, licenses, reputation, and more.

This newly revised and fully updated edition of Export/ Import Procedures and Documentation is designed to address nearly every conceivable set of circumstances involving international trade—and protect your business legally and financially. Chock full of sample documents, brand new legal information, and situation-specific procedures, the book gives you the power to:

Exploit new online resources, including government agency websites

Use the Internet to file forms, speed supply chain processes, and more

Navigate increased security and new enforcement structures resulting from recent well-publicized import problems

Keep better records and gain compliance company-wide

Protect trademarks and copyrights overseas

Interpret currency fluctuations when pricing or evaluating goods

Identify trustworthy and compliant suppliers

The book also covers in-depth how to create, keep, and file purchase and sale documents, certificates of origin, and dozens of other process documents, as well as how to leverage opportunities that may be unique to your product or industry. The dozens of sample documents and forms include bills of lading, notices of action, penalty and seizure notices, customs forms, purchase agreements, sample contracts, commercial and consular invoices, inspection certificates, letters of credit, and much more.

A trusted reference since the first edition was published nearly two decades ago, Export/Import Procedures and Documentation covers every conceivable situation you’re likely to encounter in the global trade arena. Don’t leave port without it.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780814415504
Publisher:
AMACOM
Publication date:
03/26/2010
Edition description:
REVISED AND UPDATED FOURTH EDITION
Pages:
640
Product dimensions:
9.00(w) x 11.00(h) x 1.90(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

Table of Contents

Contents

Foreword by Eugene J. Schreiber xi

Preface xiii

Acknowledgments xv

About the Authors xvi

Part I: Organizing for Export and Import Operations 1

Chapter 1. Organizing for Export and Import Operations 3

A. Export Department 3

B. Import Department 4

C. Combined Export and Import Departments 4

D. Manuals of Procedures and Documentation 8

E. Record-Keeping Compliance 9

F. Software 14

G. Federal, State, International, and Foreign Law 14

Part II: Exporting: Procedures and Documentation 15

Chapter 2. Exporting: Preliminary Considerations 17

A. Products 17

B. Volume 18

C. Country Market and Product Competitiveness Research 18

D. Identification of Customers: End Users, Distributors, and

Sales Agents 19

E. Compliance With Foreign Law 19

F. Export Controls and Licenses 23

G. Patent, Trademark, and Copyright Registrations and Infringements 23

H. Confidentiality and Non-Disclosures Agreements 24

I. Antiboycott Compliance 24

J. Employee Sales Visits to Foreign Countries—Immigration

and Customs Compliance 25

K. Utilization of Freight Forwarders and Foreign Customs Brokers 25

L. Export Packing and Labeling (Hazardous Materials) 34

M. Terms of Sale 42

N. Consignments 46

O. Leases 46

P. Marine and Air Casualty Insurance 47

Q. Methods of Transportation; Booking Transportation 48

R. Country of Origin Marking 49

S. Foreign Warehousing and Free Trade Zones 50

T. Export Financing and Payment Insurance 50

U. Tax Incentives 51

V. Export Trading Companies, Export Trade Certificates of Review, and

Export Management Companies 51

W. Translation 66

X. Foreign Branch Operations, Subsidiaries, Joint Ventures, and Licensing 66

Y. Electronic Commerce 66

Chapter 3. Exporting: Sales Documentation 69

A. Isolated Sales Transactions 69

B. Ongoing Sales Transactions 90

C. Export Distributor and Sales Agent Agreements 107

D. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act Compliance 118

Chapter 4. Exporting: Other Export Documentation 119

A. Freight Forwarder’s Power of Attorney 119

B. Shipper’s Letters of Instructions 122

C. Commercial Invoices 122

D. Bills of Lading 124

E. VOCCs and NVOCCs 126

F. Packing Lists 132

G. Inspection Certificates 132

H. Marine and Air Casualty Insurance Policies and Certificates 132

I. Dock and Warehouse Receipts 135

J. Consular Invoices 135

K. Certificates of Origin 135

L. Certificates of Free Sale 158

M. Delivery Instructions and Delivery Orders 165

N. Special Customs Invoices 165

O. Shipper’s Declarations for Dangerous Goods 165

P. Precursor and Essential Chemical Exports 176

Q. Animal, Plant, and Food Export Certificates 176

R. Drafts for Payment 176

S. Letters of Credit 180

T. Electronic Export Information 181

U. Freight Forwarder’s Invoices 194

V. Air Cargo Security and C-TPAT 194

1. Air Cargo Security 194

2. Customs and Trade Partnership Against Terrorism (C-TPAT) 196

Chapter 5. Export Controls and Licenses 197

A. Introduction 197

B. Scope of the EAR 198

C. Commerce Control List 198

D. Export Destinations 203

E. Customers, End Users, and End Uses 211

F. Ten General Prohibitions 212

G. License Exemptions and Exceptions 213

H. License Applications and Procedures 215

I. Re-Exports 224

J. Export Documentation and Record-Keeping 224

K. Special Comprehensive Licenses 227

L. Technology, Software, and Technical Assistance Exports 231

M. Validated End-User Program 232

N. Violations and Penalties 233

O. Munitions and Arms Exports 233

Part III: Importing: Procedures and Documentation 249

Chapter 6. Importing: Preliminary Considerations 251

A. Products 251

B. Volume 252

C. Country Sourcing 252

D. Identification of Suppliers 253

E. Compliance With Foreign Law 254

F. U.S. Customs Considerations 256

G. Import Packing and Labeling 275

H. U.S. Commercial Considerations 276

I. Terms of Purchase 277

J. Consignments 279

K. Leases 280

L. Marine and Air Casualty Insurance 280

M. Method of Transportation; Booking Transportation 280

N. Import Financing 281

O. Patent, Trademark, and Copyright Registrations and Infringements 281

P. Confidentiality and Non-Disclosure Agreements 282

Q. Payment 282

R. Translation 283

S. Foreign Branch Operations, Subsidiaries, Joint Ventures, and Licensing 283

T. Electronic Commerce 289

Chapter 7. Importing: Purchase Documentation 293

A. Isolated Purchase Transactions 293

B. Ongoing Purchase Transactions 299

C. Import Distributor and Sales Agent Agreements 313

Chapter 8. Import Process and Documentation 318

A. Importer Security Filing and the 10+2 Program 318

B. Bills of Lading 319

C. Commercial Invoices 319

D. Pro Forma Invoices 321

E. Packing Lists 321

F. Inspection Certificates 321

G. Drafts for Payment 323

H. Arrival Notices 323

I. Pickup and Delivery Orders 323

J. Entry/Immediate Delivery 323

K. Entry Summary 324

L. Other Entries 328

M. Reconciliation 333

N. GSP, ATPA, AGOA—Special Programs 333

O. NAFTA/Other FTA Certificates of Origin 336

P. Specialized Products Import Entry Forms 336

Q. Examination and Detention 338

R. Liquidation Notices 338

S. Notices of Redelivery 350

T. Post Entry Amendment 350

U. Requests for Information 350

V. Notices of Action 354

W. Protests 354

X. Administrative Summons 359

Y. Search Warrants 367

Z. Grand Jury Subpoenas 367

AA. Seizure Notices 367

BB. Prepenalty Notices 367

CC. Penalty Notices 370

DD. Customs Audits 382

EE. Prior Disclosure 385

FF. Court of International Trade 385

GG. Appeals 385

HH. Offers of Compromise 392

II. ITC and Commerce Questionnaires 392

Part IV: Specialized Exporting and Importing 393

Chapter 9. Specialized Exporting and Importing 395

A. Drawback 395

B. Foreign Processing and Assembly Operations 402

C. Plant Construction Contracts 407

D. Barter and Countertrade Transactions 407

Appendix A. Exporter Assistance 409

Appendix B. International Sales Agreement (Export) 415

Appendix C. Federal Register Notice: Mandatory AES 421

Appendix D. Informed Compliance: Reasonable Care 466

Appendix E. Harmonized Tariff Schedule (Excerpts) 482

Appendix F. International Purchase Agreement (Import) 496

Appendix G. Automated Commercial Environment (ACE) 502

Appendix H. Guidance on Internet Purchases 544

Appendix I. Regulatory Audit Questionnaires 553

Appendix J. Export/Import–Related Websites 560

Appendix K. Steel License Information 566

Glossary of International Trade Terms 588

Index 614

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