Exporting Democracy: Fulfilling America's Destiny


This book shows why idealism offers the soundest basis for U.S. policy.

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This book shows why idealism offers the soundest basis for U.S. policy.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780844737331
  • Publisher: Aei Press
  • Publication date: 1/15/1991
  • Series: Aei Studies
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface to the Paperback Edition
1 The Strength of Democratic Ideals 1
The Potency of Ideas 2
The Renewal of American Spirit 4
Democracy as Foreign Policy 6
The Post-Communist World 8
2 Currents in American Foreign Policy 12
Isolationism 13
Pacifist Idealism 15
Democratic Internationalism 17
3 The Folly of Realism 19
The Morality of States and Individuals 21
Realism versus Democratic Idealism 24
The Critique of Idealism 29
The Geography of Interest 32
The Illogic of Cultural Relativism 34
4 Neorealism 38
Academic Neorealism 38
Liberal Neorealism 38
Conservative Neorealism 45
Neopacifist Idealism 48
5 Is America in Decline? 49
Varieties of Declinism 50
The Main Lines of Declinism 53
Errors in Generalizations 53
Errors of Particulars 59
If the Declinists Are Right? 62
6 Can Democracy Flourish Around the World? 64
Skeptics from All Sides 64
Special Cases? 67
The Growing Appeal of Democracy 69
Earlier Doubts about Democracy 70
Gradual Advance of Democracy 72
A Democratic Decline 75
Postwar Democratization 77
A Historical Pattern 79
7 The Export of Democracy and the Force of Example 81
Impact of the American Revolution 82
Democratization of Britain 85
A Pull on Europe 86
Closer to Home 87
Postwar Influence 88
8 Imposing Democracy Through Military Occupation 91
Japan 91
Germany 108
Austria 112
And Elsewhere 114
Lessons from Military Occupations 117
9 Covert Action 119
Postwar Europe 120
Congress for Cultural Freedom 125
Scope of Covert Actions 127
Evaluation of Covert Operations 135
The Reagan Doctrine 144
10 Crisis Diplomacy 147
The Philippines 147
Haiti 153
Dominican Republic 158
Nicaragua 161
Iran 165
Panama 170
China 172
U.S. Balance Sheet 175
11 Foreign Aid 177
Rebuilding Europe and Asia 177
Institutionalization of Foreign Aid 178
Changes in Development Economics 181
Building Democratic Institutions 182
Security Assistance 184
Free Market Development Strategies 185
12 Overseas Broadcasting and Exchanges 189
Broadcasting 190
Educational Exchanges 195
Telling Democracy's Story 202
13 The National Endowment for Democracy 204
NED's Operation 204
Beginnings of NED 206
Support for Elections 208
Target Countries 211
Types of Programs 214
Aid to Democrats 216
Support for NED 217
Involvement of the Private Sector 218
14 Conclusion 221
A Continuation 221
A Choice of Methods 222
Our Priority 226
Notes 229
Index 249
About the Author 259
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